|(a) Definitions. The following words and terms, when
used in this section, shall have the following meanings, unless the
context clearly indicates otherwise.
(1) Computer program--A series of instructions that
are coded for acceptance or use by a computer system and that are
designed to permit the computer system to process data and provide
results and information. The series of instructions may be contained
in or on magnetic tapes, semiconductor chips, punched cards, printed
instructions, or other tangible or electronic media.
(2) Contract programming--Services to create or develop
a new computer program, or to repair, maintain, modify, or restore
an existing computer program, when the person performing the services
did not sell, and retains no rights in, the computer program being
created, developed, repaired, maintained, modified, or restored.
(A) Examples of contract programming include:
(i) writing a new computer program to perform a particular
function for the customer where all rights in the program are transferred
to the customer;
(ii) customizing a computer program owned by the customer
or licensed to the customer by a third party; or
(iii) modifying a computer program or performing repair,
maintenance, or restoration on a computer program that the programmer
wrote for the customer under a prior contract programming agreement.
(B) Contract programming only occurs when the person
performing the programming services transfers all rights, including
intellectual property rights such as those rights arising from copyrights,
patents, and trade secret laws, to the computer program being created,
developed, modified, maintained, repaired, or restored to the purchaser
of the contract programming services. Notwithstanding other provisions
of this paragraph, a person performing contract programming services
may retain rights to property including materials, tools, methods,
and processes used in the performance of the service. A person performing
contract programming services may also retain rights to an incidental
program or incidental component of a program included under an agreement
to provide contract programming services. Examples of incidental programs
and incidental components of a program are installers, drivers, macros,
(3) Internet hosting--Providing to an unrelated user
access over the Internet to computer services using property that
is owned or leased and managed by the provider and on which the user
may store or process the user's own data or use software that is owned,
licensed, or leased by the user or provider. The term does not include
(1) The sale, lease, or rental of computer hardware,
including central processing units and all peripheral equipment, parts,
and supplies, is subject to the sales and use tax.
(2) A taxable rental or lease can occur without the
right to move the hardware if the lessee has total operational control
of the hardware. For example, a lessee may contract to use a computer
on the owner's premises for an exact period of time weekly. The lessee
provides the operator and all materials. During the time of use by
the lessee, no one else may use the hardware. This transaction constitutes
a transfer of the total operational control of the hardware, which
is a lease or rental of tangible personal property. However, if the
owner provides and directs the operator, operational control has not
been transferred to the lessee. The transaction will not be considered
the rental or lease of the hardware. Note: if the only supervision
provided by the owner is for maintenance or training on proper use,
this is not providing an operator. See §3.294 of this title (relating
to Rental and Lease of Tangible Personal Property).
(3) Sales tax is due on charges for labor or services
rendered in installing or applying computer hardware.
(4) Sales tax is due on charges for labor or services
rendered in remodeling, repairing, maintaining, or restoring computer
hardware. See §3.292 of this title (relating to Repair, Remodeling,
Maintenance, and Restoration of Tangible Personal Property).
(5) Installation charges for remote terminals are taxable
whether or not separately stated. Charges for telephone lines are
(c) Computer programs and related services.
(1) Computer programs.
(A) The sale, lease, or license of a computer program
is a sale of tangible personal property. Tax is due when the computer
program, or a license to use the computer program, is transferred
for consideration in Texas, or stored, used, or consumed in Texas,
in electronic form or on physical media.
(B) Sales price. The sales price of a computer program
includes all charges made in connection with the sale of the program,
which may include charges for installation, modification, repair,
maintenance, or restoration, whether or not separately stated.
(C) The sales price of a computer program, or a single
license for a computer program, that is sold or used in Texas may
not be allocated to other states based on the purchaser making copies
of the program for use in another state; installing the program on
hardware located in another state; or accessing the program in another
(2) Computer program repair, maintenance, and restoration.
Charges for computer program repair, maintenance, or restoration by
a person who sold the computer program are taxable. Computer program
repair, maintenance, or restoration includes error correction, technical
fixes, and technical support, whether provided over the Internet or
over the phone.
(3) Instruction. Separately stated charges for instruction
on the use of the computer program by a person who sold the computer
program are not taxable.
(4) Contract programming services. Contract programming
may result in the creation of tangible personal property, but it does
not constitute the sale thereof. Charges for contract programming
are charges for a service and are not taxable.
(d) Sales. The following are examples of transactions
which involve the sale of taxable items and are taxable.
(1) A separate charge for additional copies of the
result of services is taxable.
(2) The charge for processing, printing, or producing
tangible personal property by a computer is taxable unless the processing,
printing, or producing is performed as an incidental part of a nontaxable
service. Examples of taxable processing, printing, or producing include
standardized amortization or depreciation tables, newsletters, and
(e) Sales for resale.
(1) A resale certificate may be issued by a purchaser
only if hardware or a computer program is purchased for the exclusive
purpose of resale. If the purchaser makes a taxable use of the hardware
or computer program while holding it for resale, the purchaser is
liable for sales tax. See §3.285 of this title (relating to Resale
Certificate; Sales for Resale).
(2) Internet hosting providers.
(A) A sale for resale includes the sale of a computer
program to an Internet hosting provider in a transaction that meets
all criteria in this subparagraph, regardless of whether care, custody,
and control of the computer program is transferred to the user of
the Internet hosting service.
(i) The Internet hosting provider acquires the program
from an unrelated vendor for the purpose of selling the right to use
the program to an unrelated user of the provider's Internet hosting
services in the normal course of business and in the form or condition
in which the provider acquired the program;
(ii) the Internet hosting provider offers the unrelated
user a selection of computer programs that are available to the public
for purchase directly from an unrelated vendor;
(iii) the Internet hosting provider executes a written
contract with the unrelated user that specifies the name of the computer
program sold to the unrelated user and includes a charge to the unrelated
user for computing hardware;
(iv) the unrelated user purchases the right to use
the computer program from the Internet hosting provider through the
acquisition of a license; and
(v) the Internet hosting provider does not retain the
right to use the computer program under that license.
(B) The performance by the Internet hosting provider
of routine maintenance of the computer program that is recommended
or required by the unrelated vendor of the computer program does not
affect the application of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph.
|Source Note: The provisions of this §3.308 adopted to be effective January 1, 1976; amended to be effective April 11, 1980, 5 TexReg 1288; amended to be effective February 18, 1981, 6 TexReg 507; amended to be effective May 9, 1983, 8 TexReg 1343; amended to be effective October 19, 1984, 9 TexReg 5163; amended to be effective November 11, 1985, 10 TexReg 4184; amended to be effective December 31, 1987, 12 TexReg 4787; amended to be effective January 22, 2018, 43 TexReg 353