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TITLE 19EDUCATION
PART 2TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY
CHAPTER 61SCHOOL DISTRICTS
SUBCHAPTER CCCOMMISSIONER'S RULES CONCERNING SCHOOL FACILITIES
RULE §61.1036School Facilities Standards for Construction on or after January 1, 2004

  (4) Compliance with the standards specified in paragraph (5)(B) - (D) of this subsection will be evaluated based on the school district's intended full-time and/or part-time use of the areas, and not the name of the areas as identified in the construction documents.

  (5) Instructional area size and design requirements.

    (A) Design criteria. The school district shall provide the architect or engineer with all expected class sizes for the facilities, with the list of chemicals to be used in the science laboratories or science laboratory/classrooms, and with the number of computers anticipated in the library, so that the architect or engineer can adequately design the facilities to meet the criteria specified in subparagraphs (B) - (D) of this paragraph.

    (B) General classrooms.

      (i) Classrooms for prekindergarten-Grade 1 shall have a minimum of 800 square feet per room. School districts with small class sizes may have classrooms that provide a minimum of 36 square feet per student.

      (ii) Classrooms at the elementary school level for Grades 2 and up shall have a minimum of 700 square feet per room. School districts with small class sizes may have classrooms that provide a minimum of 32 square feet per student.

      (iii) Classrooms at the secondary school level shall have a minimum of 700 square feet per room. School districts with small class sizes may have classrooms that provide a minimum of 28 square feet per student.

    (C) Specialized classrooms.

      (i) A computer classroom used for the teaching of computer skills shall have a minimum of 900 square feet per room. The minimum room size is ideal for 25 students; 36 square feet per student should be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 25. School districts with small class sizes may have computer classrooms that provide a minimum of 36 square feet per student. School districts should consider the heat output of computers when designing the ventilation system that serves a computer classroom.

      (ii) Computer laboratories that are not used regularly for scheduled instruction but that are intended to support other instructional areas shall have a minimum of 25 square feet per computer station. For computer laboratories where the use of portable computers, such as laptop computers, is anticipated, the size may be reduced to 20 square feet per computer station.

      (iii) The following provisions shall apply to combination science laboratories/classrooms, where each student has a lab station and where typically there is a clearly defined laboratory area and a clearly defined lecture area.

        (I) Combination science laboratories/classrooms shall have a minimum of 900 square feet per room at the elementary school level. The minimum room size is adequate for 22 students; 41 square feet per student shall be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 22.

        (II) Combination science laboratories/classrooms shall have a minimum of 1,200 square feet per room at the middle school level. The minimum room size is adequate for 24 students; 50 square feet per student shall be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 24.

        (III) Combination science laboratories/classrooms shall have a minimum of 1,400 square feet per room at the high school level. The minimum room size is adequate for 24 students; 58 square feet per student shall be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 24.

        (IV) School districts with small class sizes may have combination science laboratories/classrooms that provide a minimum of 41 square feet per student but not less than 700 square feet total at the elementary school level, a minimum of 50 square feet per student but not less than 950 square feet total at the middle school level, and a minimum of 58 square feet per student but not less than 1,100 square feet total at the high school level.

      (iv) For districts that choose to use separate science classrooms and science laboratories, the following provisions shall apply.

        (I) A science classroom shall be a minimum of 700 square feet regardless of grade level served.

        (II) A science laboratory shall have a minimum of 800 square feet at the elementary school level. The minimum laboratory size is adequate for 22 students; 36 square feet per student shall be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 22.

        (III) A science laboratory shall have a minimum of 900 square feet at the middle school level. The minimum laboratory size is adequate for 24 students; 38 square feet per student shall be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 24.

        (IV) A science laboratory shall have a minimum of 1,000 square feet at the high school level. The minimum laboratory size is adequate for 24 students; 42 square feet per student shall be added to the minimum square footage for each student in excess of 24.

        (V) Science classrooms shall be provided at a ratio not to exceed 2:1 of science classrooms to science laboratories at the middle school and high school levels. The science laboratories shall be located convenient to the science classrooms they serve.

        (VI) School districts with small class sizes may have science classrooms that provide a minimum of 32 square feet per student, and they may have science laboratories that provide a minimum of 36 square feet per student but not less than 600 square feet total at the elementary school level, a minimum of 38 square feet per student but not less than 700 square feet total at the middle school level, and a minimum of 42 square feet per student but not less than 800 square feet total at the high school level.

      (v) If hazardous or vaporous chemicals are to be used in the science laboratories or science laboratories/classrooms, a separate chemical storage room shall be provided. The chemical storage room shall be separate from, and shall not be combined as part of, a preparation room or an equipment storage room; however, the chemical storage room may be located so that access is through a preparation room or equipment storage room. The chemical storage room shall be secure to prevent access to chemicals by students. One chemical storage room may be shared among multiple laboratories or laboratories/classrooms.

      (vi) Each school science laboratory, science classroom, science laboratory/classroom, science preparatory room, and chemical storage room shall include the following provisions.

        (I) A built-in fume hood shall be provided in each high school level chemistry or advanced placement chemistry laboratory or laboratory/classroom. A built-in fume hood should also be provided in each high school level integrated physics and chemistry laboratory or laboratory/classroom. The exhaust shall be vented to the outside above the roof and away from air vents.

        (II) A built-in eye/face wash that can wash both eyes simultaneously shall be provided in each room where hazardous chemicals are used by instructors and/or students. The eye/face wash shall comply with the ANSI Standards for Shower and Eyewash Equipment (Z358.1). The tepid water required by ANSI Z358.1 is not required to come from a heated source; however, school districts that commonly experience lengthy periods of extremely cold temperatures during the winter season should consider a tepid water system with a heated source.

        (III) A built-in safety shower shall be provided in each high school level chemistry or advanced placement chemistry laboratory or laboratory/classroom. A built-in safety shower should also be provided in each high school level integrated physics and chemistry laboratory or laboratory/classroom. The safety shower shall comply with the ANSI Standards for Shower and Eyewash Equipment (Z358.1). The tepid water required by ANSI Z358.1 is not required to come from a heated source; however, school districts that commonly experience lengthy periods of extremely cold temperatures during the winter season should consider a tepid water system with a heated source.

        (IV) Ventilation systems serving science rooms shall be designed and constructed so that under normal operation the return air from the science rooms is not recirculated into non-science areas. In the chemical storage rooms, a ventilation system shall exhaust the air to the outside, and shall not be recirculated back into the space.

        (V) An exhaust fan that is controlled by the instructor shall be provided in all rooms where hazardous or vaporous chemicals are to be used or stored. The exhaust fan shall be of sufficient size to exhaust the total volume of air in the room within 15 minutes. The exhaust shall be vented to the outside above the roof and away from air vents.

        (VI) A minimum of 6 linear feet of total horizontal workspace, such as lab stations, lab tables, countertops, desktops, or some combination of these, shall be provided for each student in each middle school and high school science laboratory and science laboratory/classroom.

        (VII) If electricity, gas, and/or water are provided in student areas, emergency shut-off controls shall be provided for each in a location accessible to the instructor but not easily accessible to students.

      (vii) Special education classrooms shall have a minimum of 400 square feet per room. School districts with small class sizes may have rooms that provide a minimum of 40 square feet per student.

      (viii) Specialized classrooms not otherwise identified within these standards shall at a minimum comply with the requirements specified in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.

      (ix) Compliance with the standards specified in clauses (iii) and (iv) of this subparagraph will be evaluated based on the average class size in those classrooms.

    (D) Major support areas.

      (i) Primary gymnasiums or physical education space, if required by the district's educational program, shall have a minimum of 3,000 square feet at the elementary school level; 4,800 square feet at the middle school level; and 7,500 square feet at the high school level.

      (ii) A school district shall consider the School Library Standards and Guidelines as adopted under Texas Education Code, §33.021, when developing, implementing, or expanding library services. Libraries for campuses with a planned student capacity of 100 or less shall be a minimum of 1,400 square feet. Libraries for campuses with a planned student capacity of 101 to 500 shall be a minimum of 1,400 square feet plus an additional 4.0 square feet for each student in excess of 100. Libraries for campuses with a planned student capacity of 501 to 2,000 shall be a minimum of 3,000 square feet plus an additional 3.0 square feet for each student in excess of 500. Libraries for campuses with a planned student capacity of 2,001 or more shall be a minimum of 7,500 square feet plus an additional 2.0 square feet for each student in excess of 2,000. A school district that plans to locate more than 12 student computers in the library shall add 25 square feet of space for each additional computer anticipated. The space allotments within the library shall be based on a formula of 30% for the reading/instructional area and reference/independent study area; 45% for the stack area, circulation desk/area, and computer/online reference areas; and 25% for the necessary ancillary areas. Windows shall be placed so that adequate wall and floor space remains to accommodate the shelving necessary for the library collection size established by the School Library Standards and Guidelines.

  (6) It is not the intent of these standards to limit the use of nontraditional, alternative, sustainable, and/or innovative school designs. A nontraditional design model is one that works to break down the scale of the school and to improve the connection of the student to the resources available within the school environment. If a school district chooses to use a nontraditional model, the following provisions shall apply.

    (A) The instructional spaces where teachers will instruct groups of students in specialized coursework shall meet the standard, as appropriate based on group size, for square feet per room or for the minimum square feet per student specified in paragraph (5)(C) of this subsection.

    (B) Large group lecture spaces that do not use tables or desks for the students shall have a minimum of 15 square feet per student. Large group lecture spaces that do use tables or desks for the students shall meet the standard, as appropriate based on group size, for square feet per room or for the minimum square feet per student specified in paragraph (5)(B) of this subsection. A minimum of 150 square feet shall be provided for each small group, conference, or office space area or room.

    (C) An individual student learning area that is assigned to a specific student shall have a minimum of 35 square feet. An individual student learning area that is not assigned to a specific student shall have a minimum of 25 square feet.

    (D) If necessary under the design model, up to half of the reading/reference area function of the library may be dispersed throughout the facility outside the normal library boundaries. The sum total square footage of all library-related areas shall meet the minimum square feet specified for libraries in paragraph (5)(D)(ii) of this subsection.

  (7) Other space requirements should be developed from school district design criteria as required to meet educational program needs.

(e) Educational adequacy. A proposed new school facility or major space renovation of an existing school facility meets the conditions of educational adequacy if the design of the proposed project is based on the requirements of the school district's educational program, the educational specifications, and the student population that it serves.

(f) Construction quality.

Cont'd...

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