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TITLE 22EXAMINING BOARDS
PART 9TEXAS MEDICAL BOARD
CHAPTER 165MEDICAL RECORDS
RULE §165.1Medical Records

(a) Contents of Medical Record. Regardless of the medium utilized, each licensed physician of the board shall maintain an adequate medical record for each patient that is complete, contemporaneous and legible. For purposes of this section, an "adequate medical record" should meet the following standards:

  (1) The documentation of each patient encounter should include:

    (A) reason for the encounter and relevant history, physical examination findings and prior diagnostic test results;

    (B) an assessment, clinical impression, or diagnosis;

    (C) plan for care (including discharge plan if appropriate); and

    (D) the date and legible identity of the observer.

  (2) Past and present diagnoses should be accessible to the treating and/or consulting physician.

  (3) The rationale for and results of diagnostic and other ancillary services should be included in the medical record.

  (4) The patient's progress, including response to treatment, change in diagnosis, and patient's non-compliance should be documented.

  (5) Relevant risk factors should be identified.

  (6) The written plan for care should include when appropriate:

    (A) treatments and medications (prescriptions and samples) specifying amount, frequency, number of refills, and dosage;

    (B) any referrals and consultations;

    (C) patient/family education; and,

    (D) specific instructions for follow up.

  (7) Include any written consents for treatment or surgery requested from the patient/family by the physician.

  (8) Include a summary or documentation memorializing communications transmitted or received by the physician about which a medical decision is made regarding the patient.

  (9) Billing codes, including CPT and ICD-9-CM codes, reported on health insurance claim forms or billing statements should be supported by the documentation in the medical record.

  (10) All non-biographical populated fields, contained in a patient's electronic medical record, must contain accurate data and information pertaining to the patient based on actual findings, assessments, evaluations, diagnostics or assessments as documented by the physician.

  (11) Any amendment, supplementation, change, or correction in a medical record not made contemporaneously with the act or observation shall be noted by indicating the time and date of the amendment, supplementation, change, or correction, and clearly indicating that there has been an amendment, supplementation, change, or correction.

  (12) Salient records received from another physician or health care provider involved in the care or treatment of the patient shall be maintained as part of the patient's medical records.

  (13) The board acknowledges that the nature and amount of physician work and documentation varies by type of services, place of service and the patient's status. Paragraphs (1) - (12) of this subsection may be modified to account for these variable circumstances in providing medical care.

(b) Maintenance of Medical Records.

  (1) A licensed physician shall maintain adequate medical records of a patient for a minimum of seven years from the anniversary date of the date of last treatment by the physician.

  (2) If a patient was younger than 18 years of age when last treated by the physician, the medical records of the patient shall be maintained by the physician until the patient reaches age 21 or for seven years from the date of last treatment, whichever is longer.

  (3) A physician may destroy medical records that relate to any civil, criminal or administrative proceeding only if the physician knows the proceeding has been finally resolved.

  (4) Physicians shall retain medical records for such longer length of time than that imposed herein when mandated by other federal or state statute or regulation.

  (5) Physicians may transfer ownership of records to another licensed physician or group of physicians only if the physician provides notice consistent with §165.5 of this chapter (relating to Transfer and Disposal of Medical Records) and the physician who assumes ownership of the records maintains the records consistent with this chapter.

  (6) Medical records may be owned by a physician's employer, to include group practices, professional associations, and non-profit health organizations, provided records are maintained by these entities consistent with this chapter.

  (7) Destruction of medical records shall be done in a manner that ensures continued confidentiality.


Source Note: The provisions of this §165.1 adopted to be effective December 29, 1997, 22 TexReg 12490; amended to be effective September 14, 2003, 28 TexReg 7703; amended to be effective March 4, 2004, 29 TexReg 1946; amended to be effective September 28, 2006, 31 TexReg 8090; amended to be effective January 20, 2009, 34 TexReg 337; amended to be effective September 19, 2010, 35 TexReg 8350; amended to be effective May 20, 2015, 40 TexReg 2665

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