Figure: 25 TAC §289.202(ggg)(6)
U-nat, U-235, U-238, and
associated decay products
except Ra-226, Th-230, Ac-
227, and Pa-231
5,000 dpm alpha/100 cm2 15,000 dpm alpha/100 cm2 1,000 dpm alpha/100 cm2
Transuranics, Ra-223,
Ra-224, Ra-226, Ra-228,
Th-nat, Th-228, Th-230,
Th-232, U-232, Pa-231,
Ac-227, Sr-90, I-129
1,000 dpm/100 cm2 3,000 dpm/100 cm2 200 dpm/100 cm2
Beta-gamma emitters (nuclides
with decay modes other than
alpha emission or spontaneous
fission) except Sr-90 and others
noted above.
5,000 dpm beta, gamma/100
15,000 dpm beta, gamma/100
1,000 dpm beta, gamma/100 cm2
Tritium (applicable to surface
and subsurface)g
NA NA 10,000 dpm/100 cm2

a           Where surface contamination by both alpha and beta-gamma emitting nuclides exists, the limits established for alpha and beta-gamma emitting nuclides should apply independently.

b           As used in this table, dpm (disintegrations per minute) means the rate of emission by radioactive material as determined by correcting the counts per minute observed by an appropriate detector for background, efficiency, and geometric factors associated with the instrumentation.

c           Measurements of average contamination level should not be averaged over more than 1 square meter.  For objects of less surface area, the average should be derived for each object.

d           The maximum contamination level applies to an area of not more than 100 cm2.

e           The amount of removable radioactive material per 100 cm2 of surface area should be determined by wiping that area with dry filter or soft absorbent paper, applying moderate pressure, and assessing the amount of radioactive material on the wipe with an appropriate instrument of known efficiency.  When removable contamination on objects of less surface area is determined, the pertinent levels should be reduced proportionally and the entire surface should be wiped.

f            The average and maximum radiation levels associated with surface contamination resulting from beta-gamma emitters should not exceed 0.2 mrad/hr at 1 centimeter and 1.0 mrad/hr at 1 centimeter, respectively, measured through not more than 7 mg/cm2 of total absorber.

g           Property recently exposed or decontaminated should have measurements (smears) at regular time intervals to ensure that there is not a build-up of contamination over time.  Because tritium typically penetrates material it contacts, the surface guidelines in group 4 are not applicable to tritium.  The agency has reviewed the analysis conducted by the Department of Energy Tritium Surface Contamination Limits Committee ("Recommended Tritium Surface Contamination Release Guides," February 1991), and has assessed potential doses associated with the release of property containing residual tritium.  The agency recommends the use of the stated guideline as an interim value for removable tritium.  Measurements demonstrating compliance of the removable fraction of tritium on surfaces with this guideline are acceptable to ensure that non-removable fractions and residual tritium in mass will not cause exposures that exceed dose limits as specified in this section and agency constraints.