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TITLE 1ADMINISTRATION
PART 15TEXAS HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMMISSION
CHAPTER 354MEDICAID HEALTH SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER APURCHASED HEALTH SERVICES
DIVISION 35REIMBURSEMENT ADJUSTMENTS FOR POTENTIALLY PREVENTABLE EVENTS
RULE §354.1446Potentially Preventable Complications

(a) Introduction. The Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) may reward or penalize a hospital under this section based on the hospital's performance with respect to exceeding or failing to achieve outcome and process measures relative to all Texas Medicaid and CHIP hospitals that address the rates of potentially preventable events.

(b) Definitions.

  (1) Actual to Expected Ratio--The ratio of actual potentially preventable complications (PPCs) within an inpatient stay compared with expected PPCs within an inpatient stay, where the expected number depends on the all patient refined diagnosis related group at the time of admission (APR DRG or its replacement classification system) is adjusted for the patient's severity of illness. HHSC, at its discretion, determines the relative weights of PPCs when calculating the actual to expected ratio. Expected PPC results calculation is based on the statewide norms and is calculated from Medicaid traditional fee-for-service (FFS), Children's Health Insurance Program or CHIP, and, if available, managed care data.

  (2) Adjustment time period--The state fiscal year (September through August) that a hospital's claims are adjusted in accordance with subsection (f) or (g)(5) of this section. Adjustments will be done on an annual basis.

  (3) All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Group (APR DRG)--A diagnosis and procedure code classification system for inpatient services.

  (4) Case-mix--A measure of the clinical characteristics of patients treated during the reporting time period based on diagnosis and severity of illness. "Higher" case-mix refers to sicker patients who require more hospital resources.

  (5) Children's Health Insurance Program or CHIP or Program--The Texas State Children's Health Insurance Program established under Title XXI of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Chapter 7, Title XXI) and Chapters 62 and 63 of the Texas Health and Safety Code.

  (6) Inpatient claims during the reporting time period--Includes Medicaid traditional FFS, CHIP, and, if available, managed care data for inpatient hospital claims filed for reimbursement by a hospital that:

    (A) had a date of admission occurring within the reporting time period;

    (B) were adjudicated and approved for payment during the reporting time period and the six-month grace period that immediately followed, except for such claims that had zero inpatient days;

    (C) were not inpatient stays for patients who are covered by Medicare;

    (D) were not claims for patients diagnosed with major metastatic cancer, organ transplants, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or major trauma; and

    (E) were not subject to other exclusions as determined by HHSC.

  (7) HHSC--The Health and Human Services Commission or its designee.

  (8) Hospital--A public or private institution licensed under Chapter 241 or Chapter 577, Texas Health and Safety Code, including a general or special hospital as defined by §241.003, Texas Health and Safety Code.

  (9) Managed care organization (MCO)--Managed care is a health care delivery system or dental services delivery system in which the overall care of a patient is coordinated by or through a single provider or organization. MCO refers to such a provider or organization under contract with HHSC to provide services to Medicaid recipients.

  (10) Medicaid program--The medical assistance program established under Chapter 32, Texas Human Resources Code.

  (11) Norm--The Texas statewide average or the standard by which hospital PPC performance is compared.

  (12) Potentially preventable complication (PPC)--A harmful event or negative outcome with respect to a person, including an infection or surgical complication, that:

    (A) occurs after the person's admission to an inpatient acute care hospital; and

    (B) may have resulted from the care, lack of care, or treatment provided during the hospital stay rather than from a natural progression of an underlying disease.

  (13) Potentially preventable event (PPE)--A potentially preventable admission, a potentially preventable ancillary service, a potentially preventable complication, a potentially preventable emergency room visit, a potentially preventable readmission, or a combination of those events, which are more fully defined in §354.1070 of this title.

  (14) Present on Admission (POA) Indicators--A coding system that requires hospitals to accurately submit principal and secondary diagnoses that are present at the time of admission. POA codes are essential for the accurate calculation of PPC rates and consist of the current coding set approved by CMS.

  (15) Reporting time period--The period of time that includes hospital claims that are assessed for PPCs. This may be a state fiscal year (September through August) or other specified time frame as determined by HHSC. PPC Reports will consist of statewide and hospital-specific reports and will be done at least on an annual basis, using the most complete data period available to HHSC.

  (16) Safety-net hospital--As defined in §355.8052 of this title (relating to Inpatient Hospital Reimbursement).

(c) Calculating a PPC rate. Using inpatient claims during the reporting time period and HHSC-designated software and methodology, HHSC calculates an actual PPC rate and an expected PPC rate for each hospital included in the analysis. The methodology for inclusion of hospitals in the analysis will be described in the statewide and hospital-specific reports. HHSC will determine at its discretion the relative weights of PPCs when calculating the actual to expected ratio. The actual-to-expected ratio is rounded to two decimal places and used to determine reimbursement adjustments described in subsection (f) of this section.

(d) Comparing the PPC performance of all hospitals included in the analysis. Using the rates determined in subsection (c) of this section, HHSC calculates a ratio of actual-to-expected PPC rates.

(e) Reporting results of PPC rate calculations. HHSC provides a confidential report to each hospital included in the analysis regarding the hospital's performance with respect to potentially preventable complications, including the PPC rates calculated as described in subsection (c) of this section and the hospital's actual-to-expected ratio calculated as described in subsection (d) of this section.

  (1) A hospital may request the underlying data used in the analysis to generate the report via an email request to the HHSC email address found on the report.

  (2) The underlying data contains patient-level identifiers and other information deemed relevant by HHSC.

(f) Hospitals subject to reimbursement adjustment and amount of adjustment.

  (1) A hospital with an actual-to-expected PPC ratio equal to or greater than 1.10 and equal to or less than 1.25 is subject to a reimbursement adjustment of -2%;

  (2) A hospital with an actual-to-expected PPC ratio greater than 1.25 is subject to a reimbursement adjustment of -2.5%.

(g) Claims subject to reimbursement adjustment.

  (1) The reimbursement adjustments described in subsection (f) of this section apply to all Medicaid fee-for-service claims beginning November 1, 2013 and after.

  (2) The reimbursement adjustments will occur after the confidential report on which the reimbursement adjustments are based is made available to hospitals.

  (3) The reimbursement adjustments for a hospital will cease in the adjustment time period that is after the hospital receives a confidential report indicating an actual-to-expected ratio of less than 1.10.

  (4) On an annual basis and based on review of the data quality and accuracy, HHSC may determine if reimbursement adjustments are appropriate.

  (5) Based on HHSC-approved POA data screening criteria, HHSC may implement automatic payment reductions to hospitals who fail POA screening. The POA screening criteria and methodology will be described in the statewide and hospital specific reports. At its discretion, HHSC applies the following adjustments based on POA screening criteria:

    (A) Failure to meet POA screening criteria, first reporting period violation: 2% reduction applied to all Medicaid fee-for-service claims in the corresponding adjustment period.

    (B) Failure to meet POA screening criteria, two or more violations in a row: 2.5% applied all Medicaid fee-for-service claims in the corresponding adjustment period.

    (C) If a hospital passes POA screening criteria during a reporting time period, any future violations of the POA screening criteria will be considered a first violation.

  (6) The reimbursement adjustments based on POA screening criteria will cease when the hospital passes HHSC-approved POA screening criteria for an entire reporting time period, at which the hospital will be subject to reimbursement adjustments, if applicable, based on criteria outlined in subsection (f) of this section.

  (7) Hospitals that receive a reimbursement adjustment based on POA screening criteria outlined in paragraph (5) of this subsection will not concurrently receive reductions outlined in subsection (f) of this section.

(h) Targeted incentive payments for safety-net hospitals.

  (1) HHSC determines annually whether a safety-net hospital may receive an incentive payment for performance on PPC incidence.

  (2) The appropriated funds for the targeted incentive payments are split in half, 50 percent for PPCs and 50 percent for potentially preventable readmissions. HHSC may change the allocated percentages based on review of data and the changing needs of the program.

  (3) The dataset used in the incentive analysis is the same as the dataset used in the PPC reimbursement adjustments.

  (4) Hospitals that are eligible for a targeted incentive payment must meet the following requirements:

    (A) be a safety-net hospital;

    (B) have an actual-to-expected ratio of at least 10 percent lower than the statewide average (actual-to-expected ratio is less than or equal to 0.90);

    (C) have not received a penalty for either PPCs or potentially preventable readmissions; and

    (D) are not low-volume, as defined by HHSC.

  (5) Calculation of targeted incentive payments.

    (A) Calculate base allocation. Each eligible hospital is awarded a base allocation not to exceed $100,000.

    (B) Calculate variable allocation. Each eligible hospital is awarded a variable allocation, which is calculated from remaining funds after distribution of base allocations to all eligible hospitals. The variable allocation has the following components:

      (i) Hospital size score. Each eligible hospital's size divided by the average size of the whole group of hospitals within each incentive pool. Size is calculated based on total inpatient facility claims paid to each eligible hospital. Each eligible hospital's size calculation is capped at 2.00.

      (ii) Hospital Performance score. Each eligible hospital's performance divided by the average performance of the whole group of hospitals within each incentive pool. Performance is calculated by actual to expected ratio.

      (iii) Composite score. Each eligible hospital receives a composite score, which is the hospital's size score multiplied by the hospital's performance score.

      (iv) Each hospital's composite score divided by the sum of all eligible hospitals' composite scores is multiplied by the remaining incentive funds, after distribution of base allocations.

    (C) Calculate final allocation. The final allocation to each eligible hospital is equal to the eligible hospital's base allocation plus the eligible hospital's variable allocation.

  (6) Each eligible hospital's PPC incentive payment will be divided between FFS and MCO reimbursements based on the percentage of its total paid FFS and MCO Medicaid inpatient hospital reimbursements for the reporting time period accruing from FFS.

  (7) PPC incentive payments may be made as lump sum payments or tied to particular claims or recipients at HHSC's discretion.

  (8) HHSC will post the methodology for calculating and distributing incentives on its public website.

  (9) Targeted incentive payments for safety-net hospitals are not included in the calculation of a hospital's hospital-specific limit or low income utilization rate.


Source Note: The provisions of this §354.1446 adopted to be effective April 21, 2013, 38 TexReg 2315; amended to be effective September 1, 2014, 39 TexReg 6403; amended to be effective May 15, 2016, 41 TexReg 3291

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