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TITLE 10COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
PART 1TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND COMMUNITY AFFAIRS
CHAPTER 90MIGRANT LABOR HOUSING FACILITIES
RULE §90.2Facilities

(a) Facility site.

  (1) Facility sites shall be well drained and free from depressions in which water may stand. Sinkholes, pools, swamps, or other surface collectors of water within 200 feet of the periphery of the site shall be drained, filled, or treated on an ongoing basis to prevent mosquito breeding. If they are drained or filled, this must be done so as not to create a hazard. If they are treated, they must be appropriately fenced if they present would present a hazard or attractive nuisance, such as a place where children might play or pets might drink.

  (2) Facility sites shall be made and kept free from any conditions not conducive to housing such as conditions which create offensive odors, attract flies, create excessive noise, allow unregulated traffic, create a risk of fire, pose any other risk to safety, contribute to or permit flooding, result in or contribute to overcrowding, or create or promote the creation, perpetuation, or exacerbation of any other condition which would reasonably be viewed as hazardous or inappropriate to a living facility.

  (3) Grounds within the facility site shall maintained so as to be free from debris, noxious plants (poison ivy, etc.) uncontrolled weeds, or brush.

  (4) Facility sites shall have recreation space for the facility occupants based on the maximum facility capacity.

  (5) Facility sites shall be located at least 500 feet from livestock pens or any place where livestock is kept or fed.

  (6) The housing site shall not be subject to periodic flooding or located so the drainage from and through the site will endanger any domestic or public water supply or enter or surround any living facility.

(b) Water supply.

  (1) A water supply which meets the provisions of Health and Safety Code, Chapter 341, and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's public drinking water standard, Texas Administrative Code, Title 30, Part 1, Chapter 290, Subchapter F, §§290.101 - 290.115, 290.117 - 290.119, and 290.121 and 290.122 (relating to Drinking Water Standards Governing Drinking Water Quality and Reporting Requirements for Public Water Systems), shall be available at all times in each facility.

  (2) When the water supply does not meet the standards, notice shall be given to facility occupants and posted in a conspicuous location in the facility site. Such notice shall be given in English the language primarily used at the migrant labor housing facility if other than English AND shall display a universal symbol that such water is unsafe for consumption. Approved bottle water shall be provided to the occupants.

  (3) Facilities shall be connected to an existing public water supply system, if one is available.

  (4) Adequate arrangements for provision of hot water for bathing, laundering, culinary, and dishwashing purposes shall be available in all facility sites.

  (5) Facility sites shall provide water under pressure (a minimum of 20 psi and a minimum static of 35 psi) to each living arrangement and utility building.

  (6) In common use arrangements, dining halls, recreation, and meeting rooms, drinking fountains shall be provided for each 100 occupants or fraction thereof and all such drinking fountains shall meet American National Standards Institute standards, "Specification for Drinking Fountains 2.4.2-1942."

  (7) Each sink that provides both hot and cold water shall provide them through a single faucet that enables hot and cold water to be mixed to adjust the temperature.

(c) Excreta and liquid waste disposal.

  (1) Arrangements shall be provided and maintained for effective sewage disposal. Raw or treated liquid waste shall not be discharged or allowed to accumulate on the ground surface or in any place other than a proper sewage disposal facility.

  (2) Arrangements for disposal of excreta and liquid waste shall be connected to a public sewer system, if available.

  (3) All other disposal systems, (such as septic tanks, liquid waste treatment, privies, and portable toilets) shall be constructed and maintained as required by the Texas Department of Health.

  (4) Portable toilet rooms not ventilated by mechanical means shall be provided with adequate screened (16 mesh) ventilation openings.

(d) Facilities.

  (1) Facilities shall be constructed in a manner to insure the protection of occupants against the elements. Facilities shall be maintained in good repair and in a sanitary condition. All doors to the exterior shall have working locks and all windows shall have working interior latches. Each unit shall have a working smoke detector.

  (2) Facilities shall have flooring constructed of smooth finished, rigid materials and be readily cleanable. The flooring shall be installed so as to prevent entrance of ground or surface water into the facility.

  (3) In living arrangements utilized for combined cooking, eating, and sleeping purposes, no less than 100 square feet of floor space shall be provided for each occupant over 18 months of age. Rooms used for sleeping purposes only shall provide at least 50 square feet of floor space for each intended occupant.

  (4) Facilities utilized by families with children shall have a separate room or partitioned sleeping area for the husband and wife. The partition shall provide privacy and shall not adversely affect the meeting of any other standard hereunder, including the availability of light and access to exits.

  (5) In dormitory-type facilities, separate sleeping accommodations shall be provided for each sex. In family housing units, separate sleeping accommodations shall be provided for each family unit.

  (6) Adequate, separate arrangements for each person or family to hang clothes and store personal effects shall be provided.

  (7) The total floor area of each habitable room in a facility shall have a minimum ceiling height of seven feet.

  (8) Each habitable room shall have at least one window or skylight opening directly to the outside. The minimum total window or skylight area, including windows and doors, shall equal at least 10% of the usable floor area. The total area that can be opened shall equal at least 45% of the minimum window or skylight area required, except where comparable adequate ventilation is supplied by mechanical or some other method.

  (9) Facilities previously used to mix, load, or store pesticides and toxic chemicals may not be used for cooking, dishwashing, eating, sleeping, housing purposes, or other similar purposes.

(e) Cooking and eating arrangements.

  (1) When workers or their families cook in their individual units, space shall be provided and equipped for cooking and eating. Each such space shall be provided with:

    (A) a working stove with a minimum of four operating burners;

    (B) adequate food storage shelves and a counter for food preparation; if children under the age of six years will be present, such storage facilities shall include a container with childproof locks in which to store any cleaning agents or similar dangerous substances that may be used in connection with food preparation and clean-up, and this container shall be separate and apart for any place or container for food storage;

    (C) provisions for mechanical refrigeration of food at a temperature of not more than 45 degrees F.;

    (D) eating arrangements (table and chairs or equivalent) commensurate with the maximum capacity of the unit;

    (E) adequate sinks with hot and cold water under pressure; and

    (F) adequate lighting and ventilation.

  (2) When workers or their families cook and eat in a communal room or building separate from their sleeping accommodations, each such room or building shall be provided with:

    (A) a working stove with a minimum of four operating burners, in a ratio of one stove to 10 persons, or one stove to two families;

    (B) adequate food storage shelves and a counter for food preparation;

    (C) mechanical refrigeration for food at a temperature of not more than 45 degrees F.;

    (D) eating arrangements (tables and chairs or equivalent) commensurate with the intended use of the room or building;

    (E) adequate lighting and ventilation; and

    (F) nonabsorbent floors of easily cleanable materials.

  (3) In a central mess or multifamily feeding operation, the kitchen and mess hall shall be constructed in accordance with department rules on food services sanitation, 25 TAC §§229.161 - 229.171 (relating to Food Service Sanitation), and

    (A) shall be a size in proper proportion to the facility capacity and separate from the sleeping quarters;

    (B) floors, walls, ceiling, tables, and shelves of all kitchens, dining rooms, refrigerators, and food storage rooms shall be maintained in a clean, sanitary condition;

    (C) the exterior wall opening of all dining rooms shall be screened (16 mesh) and rendered fly-tight; and,

    (D) screen doors shall be self-closing and installed to open outward from the area to be protected.

(f) Sleeping arrangements.

  (1) Sleeping arrangements (beds, metal frame cots, or bunks complete with springs, mattresses, and mattress covers) in good repair shall be provided for facility occupants. Sleeping arrangements shall be cleaned and maintained in a sanitary condition. No bed shall be used by more than two occupants. Children of opposite genders shall not be required to share a bed and two unmarried adults of either gender shall not be required to share a bed.

  (2) Mattresses and mattress covers shall be laundered and sanitized between assignment to different occupants.

  (3) Beds, bunks, or cots shall have a clear space of at least 12 inches from the floor. Triple-deck facilities shall be prohibited. Single beds shall be spaced not closer than 36 inches laterally or end to end. Bunk beds shall be spaced not less than 48 inches laterally or 36 inches end to end. There shall be a clear ceiling height above a mattress of not less than 36 inches. The clear space above the lower mattress of the bunk beds and the bottom of the upper bunk shall not be less than 27 inches.

(g) Heating.

  (1) All living quarters and service rooms shall be provided with properly installed, operable heating equipment that capable at all times of maintaining a temperature of at least 68 degrees F. If heating is centrally controlled, all areas affected shall be maintained at least 68 degrees F. at all times.

  (2) All heating systems shall be failsafe in case of failure or interruption of the power or fuel source.

  (3) All walls or ceilings within 18 inches of the stovepipe of a solid or liquid fuel stove shall be of fireproof material.

  (4) All stoves or other sources of heat utilizing combustible fuel shall be installed to prevent fire and safety hazards. A vented metal collar shall be installed around a stovepipe, or any vent passing through a wall, ceiling, floor, or roof.

  (5) All stove or other sources of heat utilizing combustible fuel shall be vented to prevent fire and safety hazards. All vents shall extend above the peak of the roof.

  (6) If solid or liquid fuel stoves are used in a room with wooden or other combustible flooring, they shall be placed on a concrete slab, insulated metal sheets, or other fireproof materials sufficient to prevent the transfer of heat to the floor and such material shall extend at least 18 inches beyond the perimeter of the base of the stove.

  (7) If portable heaters are provided they must be electric and UL approved, and the electricity supply to the unit where they are to be used must be sufficient to permit their operation without disruption other things in that unit requiring electricity to operate, such as stoves, lights, and other appliances.

(h) Bathrooms and laundry rooms.

  (1) Bathrooms in family living accommodations shall be separate from other rooms to insure privacy.

  (2) Sufficient bathrooms (including bathtubs, showers, and lavatory sinks) and laundry rooms for the occupants of each living arrangement shall be located within 200 feet of each living arrangement.

  (3) Bathrooms and laundry rooms shall be constructed in a manner conducive to good repair and shall be maintained in good repair and in a sanitary condition.

  (4) Shower flooring shall be constructed of nonabsorbent, nonskid materials and shall have properly constructed and functioning floor drains.

  (5) Communal bathrooms shall have bathing arrangements, hand washing arrangements, and dry dressing space for each sex separated by a solid nonabsorbent wall extending from the floor to ceiling to insure privacy. Communal bathrooms shall be designated "men' or "women' in English and in the language of the facility occupants, or in the universal symbols.

  (6) Communal bathrooms shall have a minimum of one showerhead per 10 persons and one lavatory sink per six persons. Showerheads shall be spaced at least three feet apart to insure a minimum of nine square feet of showering space per showerhead.

  (7) In all communal bathrooms separate shower stalls shall be provided.

  (8) Mechanical clothes washers shall be provided in a ratio of one per 50 persons. In addition to mechanical clothes washers, one laundry tray per 100 persons shall be provided. In lieu of mechanical clothes washers, one laundry tray or tub per 25 persons may be provided.

Cont'd...

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