|(a) Introduction. (1) Students enrolled in Photojournalism communicate in a variety of forms for a variety of audiences and purposes. High school students are expected to plan, interpret, and critique visual representation, carefully examining their product for publication. Students will become analytical consumers of media and technology to enhance their communication skills. High school students will study the laws and ethical considerations that impact photography. Published photos of professional photojournalists, technology, and visual and electronic media are used as tools for learning as students create, clarify, critique, and produce effective visual representations. Students enrolled in this course will refine and enhance their journalistic skills and plan, prepare, and produce photographs for a journalistic publication, whether print, digital, or online media. (2) For high school students whose first language is not English, the students' native language serves as a foundation for English language acquisition and language learning. (3) Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples. (4) The essential knowledge and skills as well as the student expectations for Photojournalism, an elective course, are described in subsection (b) of this section. (b) Knowledge and skills. (1) The student interprets/critiques visual representations. The student is expected to: (A) recognize the major events in the development of modern-day photography; (B) recognize composition principles and their impact on photography; (C) recognize and apply ethical and legal standards to all aspects of photojournalism, including copyright law, the fair use exemption, and the ownership of intellectual property; (D) recognize the impact of electronic technology and future trends in digital imaging on the traditional field of photojournalism; and (E) understand the consequences of plagiarism. (2) The student produces visual representations that communicate with others. The student is expected to: (A) identify the basic parts of a camera and their functions; (B) manipulate shutter speed, ISO, and aperture/F-stop to produce different effects in photos; (C) produce a properly exposed photo where the subject is sharply focused; (D) produce photos that apply the composition principles; (E) use lighting and be aware of its qualities such as direction, intensity, color, and the use of artificial light; (F) stop action by determining appropriate shutter speed or use panning or hand holding with slower shutter speeds; (G) evaluate technical qualities of photos; (H) use appropriate equipment to download images and make prints or upload images; and (I) improve photo quality by using appropriate technology. (3) The student incorporates photographs into journalistic publications. The student is expected to: (A) plan photo layouts; (B) illustrate events with appropriate photos and captions; (C) plan photographs in relation to assignments from an editor; (D) create a system for organizing deadlines and camera equipment and for filing photos for publication; (E) create and publish slideshow packages using available technology; and (F) publish photos in both print and online formats.