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TITLE 19EDUCATION
PART 2TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY
CHAPTER 115TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS FOR HEALTH EDUCATION
SUBCHAPTER AELEMENTARY
RULE §115.3Health Education, Grade 1

(a) Introduction.

  (1) In health education, students acquire the health information and skills necessary to become healthy adults and learn about behaviors in which they should and should not participate. To achieve that goal, students will understand the following: students should first seek guidance in the area of health from their parents; personal behaviors can increase or reduce health risks throughout the lifespan; health is influenced by a variety of factors; students can recognize and utilize health information and products; and personal/interpersonal skills are needed to promote individual, family, and community health.

  (2) In Grade 1, students learn more about their bodies and how to care for themselves. Students also begin to learn that relationships exist between behaviors and health, and that there are community helpers such as nurses and doctors who help them stay healthy. In Grade 1, students also learn skills to help them make friends, resolve conflicts, and solve problems.

(b) Knowledge and skills.

  (1) Health behaviors. The student understands that personal health decisions and behaviors affect health throughout the life span. The student is expected to:

    (A) describe and practice activities that enhance individual health such as enough sleep, nutrition, and exercise; and

    (B) describe activities that are provided by health care professionals such as medical check-up and dental exams.

  (2) Health behaviors. The student understands that safe, unsafe, and/or harmful behaviors result in positive and negative consequences throughout the life span. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify and use protective equipment to prevent injury;

    (B) name safe play environments;

    (C) explain the harmful effects of, and how to avoid, alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs;

    (D) identify ways to avoid weapons and drugs or harming oneself or another person by staying away from dangerous situations and reporting to an adult;

    (E) identify safety rules that help to prevent poisoning;

    (F) identify and describe safe bicycle skills;

    (G) identify and practice safety rules during play; and

    (H) identify how to get help from a parent and/or trusted adult when made to feel uncomfortable or unsafe by another person/adult.

  (3) Health behaviors. The student demonstrates basic critical-thinking, decision-making, goal setting, and problem-solving skills for making health-promoting decisions. The student is expected to:

    (A) explain ways to seek the help of parents/guardians and other trusted adults in making decisions and solving problems;

    (B) describe how decisions can be reached and problems can be solved; and

    (C) explain the importance of goal setting and task completion.

  (4) Health information. The student understands the basic structure and functions of the human body and how they relate to personal health throughout the life span. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify and demonstrate use of the five senses;

    (B) identify major body structures and organs and describes their basic functions; and

    (C) identify and apply principles of good posture for healthy growth and development.

  (5) Health information. The student recognizes health information. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify people who can provide helpful health information such as parents, teachers, nurses, and physicians; and

    (B) list ways health information can be used such as knowing how to brush teeth properly.

  (6) Health information. The student recognizes the influence of media and technology on health behaviors. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify examples of health information provided by various media; and

    (B) cite examples of how media and technology can affect behaviors such as television, computers, and video games.

  (7) Influencing factors. The student understands the difference between sickness and health in people of all ages. The student is expected to:

    (A) name types of germs that cause illness and disease;

    (B) identify common illnesses and diseases and their symptoms; and

    (C) explain common practices that control the way germs are spread.

  (8) Influencing factors. The student understands factors that influence the health of an individual. The student is expected to:

    (A) name various members of his/her family who help them to promote and practice health habits; and

    (B) describe ways in which a person's health may be affected by weather and pollution.

  (9) Personal/interpersonal skills. The student knows healthy and appropriate ways to communicate consideration and respect for self, family, friends, and others. The student is expected to:

    (A) demonstrate respectful communication;

    (B) list unique ways that individuals use to communicate such as using body language and gestures;

    (C) express needs, wants, and emotions in appropriate ways;

    (D) describe and practice techniques of self-control such as thinking before acting;

    (E) list ways of actively discouraging bullying; and

    (F) practice refusal skills and replacement behaviors to avoid and resolve conflicts.

  (10) Personal/interpersonal skills. The student comprehends the skills necessary for building and maintaining healthy relationships. The student is expected to:

    (A) describe ways to build and maintain friendships; and

    (B) practice refusal skills to avoid and resolve conflicts.

  (11) Personal/interpersonal skills. The student understands that bullying behaviors result in negative consequences throughout the life span. The student is expected to:

    (A) demonstrate how to get help from a teacher, parent, or trusted adult when made to feel bullied, uncomfortable, or unsafe by a peer or an adult; and

    (B) describe negative consequences for both the victim and the bully.


Source Note: The provisions of this §115.3 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 7740; amended to be effective August 26, 2013, 38 TexReg 3413

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