(1) The fine arts incorporate the study of dance, music,
theatre, and the visual arts to offer unique experiences and empower
students to explore realities, relationships, and ideas. These disciplines
engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical
thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive
functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order
thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine
arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace
environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic
and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression.
Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential
to nurture and develop the whole child.
(2) Four basic strands--foundations: observation and
perception; creative expression; historical and cultural relevance;
and critical evaluation and response--provide broad, unifying structures
for organizing the knowledge and skills students are expected to acquire.
Each strand is of equal value and may be presented in any order throughout
the year. Students rely on personal observations and perceptions,
which are developed through increasing visual literacy and sensitivity
to surroundings, communities, memories, imaginings, and life experiences,
as sources for thinking about, planning, and creating original artworks.
Students communicate their thoughts and ideas with innovation and
creativity. Through art, students challenge their imaginations, foster
critical thinking, collaborate with others, and build reflective skills.
While exercising meaningful problem-solving skills, students develop
the lifelong ability to make informed judgments.
(3) Statements that contain the word "including" reference
content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such
as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.
(b) Knowledge and skills.
(1) Foundations: observation and perception. The student
develops and expands visual literacy skills using critical thinking,
imagination, and the senses to observe and explore the world by learning,
understanding, and applying the elements of art and principles of
design. The student uses what the student sees, knows, and has experienced
as sources for examining, understanding, and creating artworks. The
student is expected to:
(A) identify similarities, differences, and variations
among subjects in the environment using the senses; and
(B) identify the elements of art, including line, shape,
color, texture, and form, and the principles of design, including
emphasis, repetition/pattern, and balance, in nature and human-made
(2) Creative expression. The student communicates ideas
through original artworks using a variety of media with appropriate
skills. The student expresses thoughts and ideas creatively while
challenging the imagination, fostering reflective thinking, and developing
disciplined effort and progressive problem-solving skills. The student
is expected to:
(A) invent images that combine a variety of lines,
shapes, colors, textures, and forms;
(B) place components in orderly arrangements to create
(C) increase manipulative skills necessary for using
a variety of materials to produce drawings, paintings, prints, constructions,
and sculptures, including modeled forms.
(3) Historical and cultural relevance. The student
demonstrates an understanding of art history and culture by analyzing
artistic styles, historical periods, and a variety of cultures. The
student develops global awareness and respect for the traditions
and contributions of diverse cultures. The student is expected to:
(A) identify simple ideas expressed in artworks through
(B) demonstrate an understanding that art is created
globally by all people throughout time;
(C) discuss the use of art in everyday life; and
(D) relate visual art concepts to other disciplines.
(4) Critical evaluation and response. The student responds
to and analyzes artworks of self and others, contributing to the development
of lifelong skills of making informed judgments and reasoned evaluations.
The student is expected to:
(A) explain ideas about personal artworks;
(B) identify ideas found in collections such as real
or virtual art museums, galleries, portfolios, or exhibitions using
original artworks created by artists or peers; and
(C) compile collections of artwork such as physical
artwork, electronic images, sketchbooks, or portfolios for the purposes
of self-evaluations or exhibitions.