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RULE §127.426Pharmacy II (Two Credits), Adopted 2021

(a) Implementation. The provisions of this section shall be implemented by school districts beginning with the 2022-2023 school year.

  (1) No later than August 31, 2022, the commissioner of education shall determine whether instructional materials funding has been made available to Texas public schools for materials that cover the essential knowledge and skills identified in this section.

  (2) If the commissioner makes the determination that instructional materials funding has been made available, this section shall be implemented beginning with the 2022-2023 school year and apply to the 2022-2023 and subsequent school years.

  (3) If the commissioner does not make the determination that instructional materials funding has been made available under this subsection, the commissioner shall determine no later than August 31 of each subsequent school year whether instructional materials funding has been made available. If the commissioner determines that instructional materials funding has been made available, the commissioner shall notify the State Board of Education and school districts that this section shall be implemented for the following school year.

(b) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11 and 12. Prerequisites: one credit in biology, one credit in chemistry, and Pharmacy I. Recommended prerequisite: Algebra I, Introduction to Pharmacy Science, and Pharmacy I. Students shall be awarded two credits for successful completion of this course.

(c) Introduction.

  (1) Career and technical education instruction provides content aligned with challenging academic standards, industry-relevant technical knowledge, and college and career readiness skills for students to further their education and succeed in current and emerging professions.

  (2) The Health Science Career Cluster focuses on planning, managing, and providing therapeutic services, diagnostic services, health informatics, support services, and biotechnology research and development.

  (3) The Pharmacy II course provides students with the advanced knowledge and skills to explore various careers in the pharmacy field, including pharmacology, pharmacy law, medication errors, inventory pharmacy calculations, compounding, and workflow expectations in a pharmacy setting. Pharmacy II is designed to be the third course in a pathway leading to college and career readiness in the healthcare therapeutics professions. The course content aligns with the competencies of pharmacy technician certification examinations.

  (4) Students are encouraged to participate in extended learning experiences such as career and technical student organizations and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.

  (5) Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.

(d) Knowledge and skills.

  (1) The student exhibits personal and interpersonal knowledge and skills. The student is expected to:

    (A) apply appropriate verbal communication in a clear, concise, and effective manner;

    (B) apply appropriate non-verbal communication in a clear, respectful, and effective manner;

    (C) apply appropriate adaptability skills such as problem solving and creative thinking;

    (D) create or evaluate a career plan using methods such as identifying educational pathways, developing career goals, and assessing individual aptitudes;

    (E) demonstrate teamwork;

    (F) create an occupation-specific resume; and

    (G) identify soft skills desired by employers.

  (2) The student communicates effectively with diverse populations. The student is expected to:

    (A) practice a respectful and professional attitude in communications with diverse patient populations, colleagues, and professionals such as written, oral, and electronic communications;

    (B) demonstrate communication techniques that are effective for various populations such as terminally ill, intellectually disabled, visually/hearing impaired, and elderly/pediatric populations; and

    (C) demonstrate skills for supporting communication between various stakeholders such as serving as a liaison between the nurse and the patient.

  (3) The student demonstrates the use of medical terminology and abbreviations in a pharmacy setting. The student is expected to:

    (A) interpret and translate prescription and medication orders according to pharmacy settings such as community and hospital environments;

    (B) create pharmacy correspondence such as prescriptions, medication administration records (MARs), and patient order sheets using medical terminology and abbreviations;

    (C) use medical terminology found in various pharmacy settings to communicate appropriately; and

    (D) translate sig codes and abbreviations used in the pharmacy to communicate instructions to patients.

  (4) The student applies the strictest requirements using the laws of local, state, and federal agencies. The student is expected to:

    (A) demonstrate the proper handling and disposal of non-hazardous, hazardous, and pharmaceutical substances and waste;

    (B) apply the requirements for controlled substance prescriptions, including new, refill, and transfer prescriptions;

    (C) apply the requirements for receiving, storing, ordering, labeling, and dispensing controlled substances and the reverse distribution, take-back, and loss or theft of controlled substances;

    (D) classify controlled substances such as cocaine, heroin, marijuana, fentanyl, dextroamphetamine, amphetamine salts, benzodiazepines, and anabolic steroids according to their Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) schedules;

    (E) identify the federal requirements for restricted drugs such as pseudoephedrine and related medication processing programs such as Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) and iPLEDGE;

    (F) demonstrate the process for Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recalls based on classification for medications, devices, supplies, and supplements; and

    (G) explain pharmacy compliance with professional standards such as scope of practice and relevant legal, regulatory, formulary, contractual, and safety requirements.

  (5) The student interprets drug information. The student is expected to:

    (A) apply knowledge of brand name, generic name, classification, and indication of use for common medications such as the top 200 drugs with automaticity in a pharmacy setting;

    (B) analyze the common and life-threatening drug interactions and contraindications such as drug-disease, drug-drug, drug-lab, and drug-food;

    (C) apply knowledge of the narrow therapeutic index (NTI) to drug use evaluations; and

    (D) integrate the use of digital and hard copy references such as United States Pharmacopeia (USP) standards, drug reference books, and clinical information sources as needed to perform job duties.

  (6) The student demonstrates the dispensing process in various pharmacy settings. The student is expected to:

    (A) analyze a prescription and medication order for completeness, including drug strength, dosage form, directions, quantity, date, and refills, and obtain missing information if needed;

    (B) communicate with patients or care givers using the appropriate modality to obtain information, including demographics, medication history, health conditions, allergies, and insurance, for the patient profile;

    (C) collect, organize, and record demographic and clinical information accurately for patient continuity of care;

    (D) identify the required steps in preparing sterile compounded products, including putting on (donning) personal protective equipment (PPE), cleaning the vertical or horizontal flow hoods, selecting correct supplies, and preparing the product for dispensing;

    (E) select the appropriate equipment and supplies, including diabetic supplies, spacers, and oral/injectable syringes, for drug administration based on package size and unit dose;

    (F) apply lot numbers, expiration dates, and National Drug Codes (NDC) on drug packaging for the dispensing of medication; and

    (G) differentiate between the use of effective infection control procedures such as sterile and non-sterile compounding in various pharmacy related settings.

  (7) The student analyzes common medication errors and practices error prevention strategies. The student is expected to:

    (A) use knowledge of high alert/risk and look-alike/sound-alike (LASA) medications to prevent medication errors;


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