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RULE §127.744Principles of Biosciences (One Credit), Adopted 2015

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 9 and 10. Students shall be awarded one credit for successful completion of this course.

(b) Introduction.

  (1) Career and technical education instruction provides content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant technical knowledge and skills for students to further their education and succeed in current or emerging professions.

  (2) The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Career Cluster focuses on planning, managing, and providing scientific research and professional and technical services, including laboratory and testing services, and research and development services.

  (3) Principles of Biosciences is a strong reinforcement of Biology content that provides an overview of biotechnology, bioengineering, and related fields. Topics include genetics, cell structure, proteins, nucleic acids, and the impact of immunological events in biotechnology. Students will further study the increasingly important agricultural, environmental, economic, and political roles of bioenergy and biological remediation; the roles of nanoscience and nanotechnology in biotechnology medical research; and future trends in biological science and biotechnology.

  (4) Students are encouraged to participate in extended learning experiences such as career and technical student organizations and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.

  (5) Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

  (1) The student demonstrates professional standards/employability skills as required by business and industry. The student is expected to:

    (A) demonstrate knowledge of how to dress appropriately, speak politely, and conduct oneself in a manner appropriate for the profession;

    (B) show the ability to cooperate, contribute, and collaborate as a member of a group in an effort to achieve a positive collective outcome;

    (C) present written and oral communication in a clear, concise, and effective manner;

    (D) demonstrate time-management skills in prioritizing tasks, following schedules, and performing goal-relevant activities in a way that produces efficient results; and

    (E) demonstrate punctuality, dependability, reliability, and responsibility in performing assigned tasks as directed.

  (2) The student explores biotechnology career opportunities. The student is expected to:

    (A) determine interests and aptitudes through conversations with biotechnology professionals;

    (B) identify career options in the field of biotechnology;

    (C) identify reliable sources of career information;

    (D) research interests, knowledge, educational level, abilities, and skills needed in a biotechnology-related occupation;

    (E) seek a mentor in the biotechnology area;

    (F) identify conventional and non-conventional career opportunities that match interests and aptitudes;

    (G) research applications of biotechnology and biomaterials such as the areas of medicine and the environment and pharmaceutical, agricultural, and industrial settings; and

    (H) use technology to research biotechnology topics, identify pertinent scientific articles, obtain articles of interest, and write a formal research paper in the format used by academic and professional journals and magazines.

  (3) The student evaluates ethical and legal issues in biotechnology. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify current ethical and legal issues;

    (B) describe the history of biotechnology and related current issues;

    (C) discuss legal and technology issues for at least two biotechnology related areas; and

    (D) compare and contrast examples of objective and subjective scientific, economic, and political data and positions used to defend biotechnology views.

  (4) The student examines federal, state, local, and industry regulations as applied to biotechnical processes through library research and Internet research. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify local, state, and federal agencies responsible for regulating the biotechnology industry;

    (B) identify professional organizations participating in the development of biotechnology policies;

    (C) identify and define terms related to biotechnology regulations; and

    (D) outline the methods and procedures used in biotechnology laboratories to follow and enforce local, state, and federal regulations such as those in the agricultural and health areas.

  (5) The student demonstrates knowledge of the business climate for biotechnology industry sectors in the current market. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify professional publications;

    (B) identify the various biotechnology industry sectors; and

    (C) investigate and report on career opportunities in the biotechnology industry sectors.

  (6) The student researches and exhibits employability skills that support a career in the biotechnology industry. The student is expected to:

    (A) demonstrate verbal, nonverbal, written, and electronic communication skills;

    (B) demonstrate skills used to secure and maintain employment;

    (C) demonstrate appropriate workplace etiquette; and

    (D) display productive work habits and attitudes.

  (7) The student investigates the origins of waste and examines the relationship of biotechnology to resource recovery. The student is expected to:

    (A) investigate at least three end products from biotechnology manufacturing processes;

    (B) investigate the effects of waste on environmental and biological life cycles;

    (C) investigate the impacts of waste on the environment;

    (D) analyze the results of manufacturing refuse;

    (E) explain the negative impacts of waste with respect to the individual, society, and the global population;

    (F) research solutions to biological waste with respect to commercial applications through investigation of various pollution waste treatments using natural organisms;

    (G) investigate biotechnology as it relates to health and well-being; and

    (H) cite evidence regarding regulations, patents and public policy, design development and testing, and safety.

  (8) The student examines the relationship of biotechnology to the development of commercial products. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify the ability to change or enhance genetic characteristics;

    (B) identify applications of genetic engineering;

    (C) identify applications of nanotechnology in biotechnology;

    (D) identify applications of bioinformatics in biotechnology;

    (E) identify the applications of biotechnology in fields such as medicine, forensics, and law enforcement; and

    (F) research ethical considerations, laws, and regulations governing genetic engineering and nanotechnology.

Source Note: The provisions of this §127.744 adopted to be effective April 7, 2022, 47 TexReg 1677

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