|(a) General requirements. This course is recommended
for students in Grades 10-12. Students shall be awarded one credit
for successful completion of this course.
(1) Career and technical education instruction provides
content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant technical
knowledge and skills for students to further their education and succeed
in current or emerging professions.
(2) The Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Career
Cluster focuses on the production, processing, marketing, distribution,
financing, and development of agricultural commodities and resources,
including food, fiber, wood products, natural resources, horticulture,
and other plant and animal products/resources.
(3) Forestry and Woodland Ecosystems examines current
management practices for forestry and woodlands. Special emphasis
is given to management as it relates to ecological requirements and
how these practices impact the environment. To prepare for careers
in natural resource systems, students must attain academic skills
and knowledge, acquire technical knowledge and skills related to natural
resources, and develop knowledge and skills regarding career opportunities,
entry requirements, and industry expectations. To prepare for success,
students need opportunities to learn, reinforce, apply, and transfer
knowledge and skills in a variety of settings.
(4) Students are encouraged to participate in extended
learning experiences such as career and technical student organizations
and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.
(5) Statements that contain the word "including" reference
content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such
as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.
(c) Knowledge and skills.
(1) The student demonstrates professional standards/employability
skills as required by business and industry. The student is expected
(A) identify career development, education, and entrepreneurship
opportunities in the field of forestry and woodland ecosystems;
(B) apply competencies related to resources, information,
interpersonal skills, and systems of operation in forestry and woodland
(C) demonstrate knowledge of personal and occupational
safety, health, environmental regulations, and first-aid policy in
the workplace; and
(D) analyze employers' expectations, including appropriate
work habits, ethical conduct, legal responsibilities, and good citizenship
(2) The student develops a supervised agriculture experience
program. The student is expected to:
(A) plan, propose, conduct, document, and evaluate
a supervised agriculture experience program as an experiential learning
(B) apply proper record-keeping skills as they relate
to the supervised agriculture experience;
(C) participate in youth leadership opportunities to
create a well-rounded experience program; and
(D) produce and participate in a local program of activities
using a strategic planning process.
(3) The student describes the principles of forestry
and woodland ecosystems. The student is expected to:
(A) describe the historical and economic significance
(B) illustrate tree anatomy and morphology;
(C) differentiate between species of trees;
(D) classify forest and woodland soils;
(E) describe silviculture;
(F) compare and contrast forest and woodland ecosystems;
(G) describe photosynthesis and respiration as they
relate to forest and woodland species;
(H) describe watershed management as it relates to
forest and woodland ecosystems;
(I) describe sexual and asexual reproduction in forest
and woodland species;
(J) define succession; and
(K) compare natural and managed forests and woodlands.
(4) The student demonstrates forestry biometrics skills.
The student is expected to:
(A) calculate tree volume;
(B) estimate timber growth and yield;
(C) evaluate forest and woodland quality by cruising
timber stands; and
(D) scale logs to calculate their quality and volume.
(5) The student demonstrates knowledge of forestry
management skills. The student is expected to:
(A) identify forestry management techniques;
(B) discuss multiple-use possibilities for forest and
woodlands areas; and
(C) develop a control plan for destructive agents such
as fire, insects, and disease.
(6) The student identifies softwood and hardwood forest
management and use practices. The student is expected to:
(A) identify principles of forestry economics;
(B) research sources of forestry management assistance;
(C) identify harvesting practices and equipment;
(D) describe merchandising practices; and
(E) evaluate research in forestry and wood technology.
(7) The student describes the role of wood technology
in forest product development. The student is expected to:
(A) compare timber manufacturing processes and products;
(B) discuss research and development issues in forestry
and wood technology.
(8) The student applies cartographic skills to natural
resource activities. The student is expected to:
(A) compare and contrast types of maps;
(B) interpret map features and legends;
(C) compare map scale to actual distance;
(D) evaluate elevation and terrain features from topographic
(E) use land survey and coordinate systems; and
(F) locate position and interpret images using a geospatial