|(a) General requirements. This course is recommended
for students in Grades 10-12. Students shall be awarded one credit
for successful completion of this course.
(1) Career and technical education instruction provides
content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant technical
knowledge and skills for students to further their education and succeed
in current or emerging professions.
(2) The Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Career
Cluster focuses on the production, processing, marketing, distribution,
financing, and development of agricultural commodities and resources,
including food, fiber, wood products, natural resources, horticulture,
and other plant and animal products/resources.
(3) In Livestock Production, students will acquire
knowledge and skills related to livestock and the livestock production
industry. Livestock Production may address topics related to beef
cattle, dairy cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and poultry. To prepare
for careers in the field of animal science, students must attain academic
skills and knowledge, acquire knowledge and skills related to animal
systems and the workplace, and develop knowledge and skills regarding
career opportunities, entry requirements, and industry expectations.
To prepare for success, students need opportunities to learn, reinforce,
apply, and transfer their knowledge and skills in a variety of settings.
(4) Students are encouraged to participate in extended
learning experiences such as career and technical student organizations
and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.
(5) Statements that contain the word "including" reference
content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such
as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.
(c) Knowledge and skills.
(1) The student demonstrates professional standards/employability
skills as required by business and industry The student is expected
(A) identify career development and entrepreneurship
opportunities in the field of animal systems;
(B) apply competencies related to resources, information,
interpersonal skills, and systems of operation in animal systems;
(C) demonstrate knowledge of personal and occupational
safety and health practices in the workplace;
(D) identify employers' expectations, including appropriate
work habits, ethical conduct, and legal responsibilities;
(E) demonstrate characteristics of good citizenship
such as stewardship, advocacy, and community leadership; and
(F) research career topics using technology such as
(2) The student develops a supervised agriculture experience
program. The student is expected to:
(A) plan, propose, conduct, document, and evaluate
a supervised agriculture experience program as an experiential learning
(B) apply proper record-keeping skills as they relate
to the supervised agriculture experience;
(C) participate in youth leadership opportunities to
create a well-rounded experience program; and
(D) produce and participate in a local program of activities
using a strategic planning process.
(3) The student demonstrates technical skills relating
to the interrelated human, scientific, and technological dimensions
of animal systems. The student is expected to:
(A) assess the importance of the United States' impact
on world commodity markets;
(B) apply the principles of livestock breeding and
nutrition to predict the impact of current advances in genetics; and
(C) examine the interrelationship of plants and animals
in concepts such as forage identification, rotational grazing, and
grass protein levels.
(4) The student performs technical skills related to
livestock production. The student is expected to:
(A) gather performance data;
(B) describe common veterinary procedures and skills;
(C) practice proper animal restraint techniques;
(D) demonstrate identification techniques; and
(E) demonstrate effective management strategies such
as financial planning and managing governmental regulations.
(5) The student explains anatomy and physiology related
to nutrition, reproduction, health, and management of livestock species.
The student is expected to:
(A) explain the skeletal, muscular, respiratory, reproductive,
and circulatory systems of animals; and
(B) evaluate vital signs and normal behavior.
(6) The student determines nutritional requirements
of ruminant and non-ruminant animals, including poultry. The student
is expected to:
(A) describe the digestive systems of ruminant and
(B) identify sources of nutrients and classes of feed;
(C) identify vitamins, minerals, and feed additives;
(D) formulate rations; and
(E) discuss feeding practices and feed quality issues.
(7) The student explains animal genetics and reproduction.
The student is expected to:
(A) describe the reproductive systems of various livestock;
(B) explain the use of genetics in animal agriculture
such as Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs), phenotype, and genotype;
(C) identify systems of animal breeding;
(D) research current and emerging technologies in animal
reproduction such as cloning, embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization,
and artificial insemination; and
(E) design and conduct experiments to support known
principles of genetics.
(8) The student identifies animal pests and diseases.
The student is expected to:
(A) identify and describe the role of bacteria, fungi,
viruses, genetics, and nutrition in disease;
(B) identify methods of disease control, treatment,
and prevention; and
(C) classify internal and external parasites, including
treatment and prevention.
(9) The student knows the factors impacting commodity
prices and costs. The student is expected to:
(A) evaluate the relationship between livestock commodity
(B) formulate rations based on least-cost factors.
(10) The student plans for dynamic changes in business
operation. The student is expected to:
(A) design, conduct, and complete research to identify
and solve livestock management problems; and
(B) use charts, tables, or graphs to prepare written
summaries of data such as nutrition, digestion, and reproduction data
obtained in a laboratory activity and an individual scientific research