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RULE §89.1055Content of the Individualized Education Program

(a) The individualized education program (IEP) developed by the admission, review, and dismissal (ARD) committee for each student with a disability must comply with the requirements of 34 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), §300.320 and §300.324.

(b) The IEP must include a statement of any individual appropriate and allowable accommodations in the administration of assessment instruments developed in accordance with Texas Education Code (TEC), §39.023(a)-(c), or districtwide assessments of student achievement (if the district administers such optional assessments) that are necessary to measure the academic achievement and functional performance of the student on the assessments. If the ARD committee determines that the student will not participate in a general statewide or districtwide assessment of student achievement (or part of an assessment), the IEP must include a statement explaining:

  (1) why the student cannot participate in the general assessment; and

  (2) why the particular alternate assessment selected is appropriate for the student.

(c) If the ARD committee determines that the student is in need of extended school year (ESY) services, as described in §89.1065 of this title (relating to Extended School Year Services), then the IEP must identify which of the goals and objectives in the IEP will be addressed during ESY services.

(d) For students with visual impairments, from birth through 21 years of age, the IEP or individualized family services plan (IFSP) must also meet the requirements of TEC, §30.002(e).

(e) For students eligible under §89.1040(c)(1) of this title (relating to Eligibility Criteria), the strategies described in this subsection must be considered, based on peer-reviewed, research-based educational programming practices to the extent practicable and, when needed, addressed in the IEP:

  (1) extended educational programming (for example: extended day and/or extended school year services that consider the duration of programs/settings based on assessment of behavior, social skills, communication, academics, and self-help skills);

  (2) daily schedules reflecting minimal unstructured time and active engagement in learning activities (for example: lunch, snack, and recess periods that provide flexibility within routines; adapt to individual skill levels; and assist with schedule changes, such as changes involving substitute teachers and pep rallies);

  (3) in-home and community-based training or viable alternatives that assist the student with acquisition of social/behavioral skills (for example: strategies that facilitate maintenance and generalization of such skills from home to school, school to home, home to community, and school to community);

  (4) positive behavior support strategies based on relevant information, for example:

    (A) antecedent manipulation, replacement behaviors, reinforcement strategies, and data-based decisions; and

    (B) a behavioral intervention plan developed from a functional behavioral assessment that uses current data related to target behaviors and addresses behavioral programming across home, school, and community-based settings;

  (5) beginning at any age, consistent with subsection (h) of this section, futures planning for integrated living, work, community, and educational environments that considers skills necessary to function in current and post-secondary environments;

  (6) parent/family training and support, provided by qualified personnel with experience in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), that, for example:

    (A) provides a family with skills necessary for a student to succeed in the home/community setting;

    (B) includes information regarding resources (for example: parent support groups, workshops, videos, conferences, and materials designed to increase parent knowledge of specific teaching/management techniques related to the student's curriculum); and

    (C) facilitates parental carryover of in-home training (for example: strategies for behavior management and developing structured home environments and/or communication training so that parents are active participants in promoting the continuity of interventions across all settings);

  (7) suitable staff-to-student ratio appropriate to identified activities and as needed to achieve social/behavioral progress based on the student's developmental and learning level (acquisition, fluency, maintenance, generalization) that encourages work towards individual independence as determined by, for example:

    (A) adaptive behavior evaluation results;

    (B) behavioral accommodation needs across settings; and

    (C) transitions within the school day;

  (8) communication interventions, including language forms and functions that enhance effective communication across settings (for example: augmentative, incidental, and naturalistic teaching);

  (9) social skills supports and strategies based on social skills assessment/curriculum and provided across settings (for example: trained peer facilitators (e.g., circle of friends), video modeling, social stories, and role playing);

  (10) professional educator/staff support (for example: training provided to personnel who work with the student to assure the correct implementation of techniques and strategies described in the IEP); and

  (11) teaching strategies based on peer reviewed, research-based practices for students with ASD (for example: those associated with discrete-trial training, visual supports, applied behavior analysis, structured learning, augmentative communication, or social skills training).

(f) If the ARD committee determines that services are not needed in one or more of the areas specified in subsection (e) of this section, the IEP must include a statement to that effect and the basis upon which the determination was made.

(g) If the ARD committee determines that a behavior improvement plan or a behavioral intervention plan is appropriate for a student, that plan must be included as part of the student's IEP and provided to each teacher with responsibility for educating the student. If a behavior improvement plan or a behavioral intervention plan is included as part of a student's IEP, the ARD committee shall review the plan at least annually, and more frequently if appropriate, to address:

  (1) changes in a student's circumstances that may impact the student's behavior, such as:

    (A) the placement of the student in a different educational setting;

    (B) an increase or persistence in disciplinary actions taken regarding the student for similar types of behavioral incidents;

    (C) a pattern of unexcused absences; or

    (D) an unauthorized, unsupervised departure from an educational setting; or

  (2) the safety of the student or others.

(h) Not later than when a student reaches 14 years of age, the ARD committee must consider and, if appropriate, address the following issues in the IEP:

  (1) appropriate student involvement in the student's transition to life outside the public school system;

  (2) if the student is younger than 18 years of age, appropriate involvement in the student's transition by the student's parents and other persons invited to participate by:

    (A) the student's parents; or

    (B) the school district in which the student is enrolled;

  (3) if the student is at least 18 years of age, involvement in the student's transition and future by the student's parents and other persons, if the parent or other person:

    (A) is invited to participate by the student or the school district in which the student is enrolled; or

    (B) has the student's consent to participate pursuant to a supported decision-making agreement under Texas Estates Code, Chapter 1357;

  (4) appropriate postsecondary education options, including preparation for postsecondary-level coursework;

  (5) an appropriate functional vocational evaluation;

  (6) appropriate employment goals and objectives;

  (7) if the student is at least 18 years of age, the availability of age-appropriate instructional environments, including community settings or environments that prepare the student for postsecondary education or training, competitive integrated employment, or independent living, in coordination with the student's transition goals and objectives;

  (8) appropriate independent living goals and objectives;

  (9) appropriate circumstances for facilitating a referral of a student or the student's parents to a governmental agency for services or public benefits, including a referral to a governmental agency to place the student on a waiting list for public benefits available to the student such as a waiver program established under the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Section 1396n(c)), §1915(c); and

  (10) the use and availability of appropriate:

    (A) supplementary aids, services, curricula, and other opportunities to assist the student in developing decision-making skills; and

    (B) supports and services to foster the student's independence and self-determination, including a supported decision-making agreement under Texas Estates Code, Chapter 1357.

(i) A student's ARD committee shall annually review the issues described in subsection (h) of this section and, if necessary, update the portions of the student's IEP that address those issues.

(j) In accordance with 34 CFR, §300.320(b), beginning not later than the first IEP to be in effect when the student turns 16 years of age, or younger if determined appropriate by the ARD committee, and updated annually thereafter, the IEP must include the following:

  (1) appropriate measurable postsecondary goals based upon age-appropriate transition assessments related to training, education, employment, and, where appropriate, independent living skills; and

  (2) the transition services, including courses of study, needed to assist the student in reaching the postsecondary goals developed under paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(k) The written statement of the IEP must document the decisions of the ARD committee with respect to issues discussed at each ARD committee meeting. The written statement must also include:

  (1) the date of the meeting;

  (2) the name, position, and signature of each member participating in the meeting; and

  (3) an indication of whether the child's parents, the adult student, if applicable, and the administrator agreed or disagreed with the decisions of the ARD committee.

Source Note: The provisions of this §89.1055 adopted to be effective September 1, 1996, 21 TexReg 7240; amended to be effective March 6, 2001, 26 TexReg 1837; amended to be effective June 7, 2004, 29 TexReg 5608; amended to be effective November 11, 2007, 32 TexReg 8129; amended to be effective January 1, 2015, 39 TexReg 10446; amended to be effective March 22, 2017, 42 TexReg 1247; amended to be effective February 15, 2018, 43 TexReg 763; amended to be effective March 14, 2021, 46 TexReg 1466; amended to be effective June 7, 2022, 47 TexReg3248

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