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TITLE 22EXAMINING BOARDS
PART 1TEXAS BOARD OF ARCHITECTURAL EXAMINERS
CHAPTER 3LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS
SUBCHAPTER ASCOPE; DEFINITIONS
RULE §3.5Terms Defined Herein

The following words, terms, and acronyms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

  (1) The Act--The Landscape Architects' Registration Law.

  (2) Administrative Procedure Act (APA)--Texas Government Code §§2001.001 et seq.

  (3) APA--Administrative Procedure Act.

  (4) Applicant--An individual who has submitted an application for registration or reinstatement but has not yet completed the registration or reinstatement process.

  (5) Architectural Barriers Act--Texas Government Code, Chapter 469.

  (6) Barrier-Free Design--The design of a facility or the design of an alteration of a facility which complies with the Texas Accessibility Standards, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines, or similarly accepted standards for accessible design.

  (7) Board--Texas Board of Architectural Examiners.

  (8) Cancel, Cancellation, or Cancelled--The termination of a Texas landscape architectural registration certificate by operation of law two years after it expires without renewal by the certificate-holder.

  (9) Candidate--An Applicant approved by the Board to take the LARE.

  (10) CEPH--Continuing Education Program Hour(s).

  (11) Chair--The member of the Board who serves as the Board's presiding officer.

  (12) CLARB--Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards.

  (13) Construction Documents--Drawings; specifications; and addenda, change orders, construction change directives, and other Supplemental Documents prepared for the purpose(s) of Regulatory Approval, permitting, or construction.

  (14) Consultant--An individual retained by a Landscape Architect who prepares or assists in the preparation of technical design documents issued by the Landscape Architect for use in connection with the Landscape Architect's Construction Documents.

  (15) Contested Case--A proceeding, including a licensing proceeding, in which the legal rights, duties, or privileges of a party are to be determined by a state agency after an opportunity for adjudicative hearing.

  (16) Continuing Education Program Hour (CEPH)--At least fifty (50) minutes of time spent in an activity meeting the Board's continuing education requirements.

  (17) Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards (CLARB)--An international nonprofit organization whose members are landscape architectural licensing boards of the U.S. states and Canadian provinces that license landscape architects.

  (18) Delinquent--A registration status signifying that a Landscape Architect:

    (A) has failed to remit the applicable renewal fee to the Board; and

    (B) is no longer authorized to practice Landscape Architecture in Texas or use any of the terms restricted by the Landscape Architects' Registration Law.

  (19) Direct Supervision--The amount of oversight by an individual overseeing the work of another whereby the supervisor and the individual being supervised work in close proximity to one another and the supervisor has both control over and detailed professional knowledge of the work prepared under his or her supervision.

  (20) Emeritus Landscape Architect (or Landscape Architect Emeritus)--An honorary title that may be used by a Landscape Architect who has retired from the practice of Landscape Architecture in Texas pursuant to §1052.155 of the Texas Occupations Code.

  (21) Energy-Efficient Design--The design of a project and the specification of materials to minimize the consumption of energy in the use of the project. The term includes energy efficiency strategies by design as well as the incorporation of alternative energy systems.

  (22) Feasibility Study--A report of a detailed investigation and analysis conducted to determine the advisability of a proposed landscape architectural project from a technical landscape architectural standpoint.

  (23) Good Standing--

    (A) a registration status signifying that a Landscape Architect is not delinquent in the payment of any fees owed to the Board; or

    (B) an application status signifying that an Applicant or Candidate is not delinquent in the payment of any fees owed to the Board, is not the subject of a pending TBAE enforcement proceeding, and has not been the subject of formal disciplinary action by a landscape architectural registration board that would provide a ground for the denial of the application for landscape architectural registration in Texas.

  (24) Governmental Entity--A Texas state agency or department; a district, authority, county, municipality, or other political subdivision of Texas; or a publicly owned Texas utility.

  (25) Governmental Jurisdiction--A governmental authority such as a state, territory, or country beyond the boundaries of Texas.

  (26) Inactive--A registration status signifying that a Landscape Architect may not practice Landscape Architecture in the State of Texas.

  (27) LAAB--Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board.

  (28) Landscape Architect--An individual who holds a valid Texas landscape architectural registration certificate granted by the Board.

  (29) Landscape Architect Registration Examination (LARE)--The standardized test that a Candidate must pass in order to obtain a valid Texas landscape architectural registration certificate.

  (30) Landscape Architects' Registration Law--Chapter 1052, Texas Occupations Code.

  (31) Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board (LAAB)--An agency that accredits landscape architectural degree programs in the United States.

  (32) Landscape Architectural Intern--An individual participating in an internship to complete the experiential requirements for landscape architectural registration in Texas.

  (33) Landscape Architecture--The art and science of landscape analysis, landscape planning, and landscape design, including the performance of professional services such as consultation, investigation, research, the preparation of general development and detailed site design plans, the preparation of studies, the preparation of specifications, and responsible supervision related to the development of landscape areas for:

    (A) the planning, preservation, enhancement, and arrangement of land forms, natural systems, features, and plantings, including ground and water forms;

    (B) the planning and design of vegetation, circulation, walks, and other landscape features to fulfill aesthetic and functional requirements;

    (C) the formulation of graphic and written criteria to govern the planning and design of landscape construction development programs, including:

      (i) the preparation, review, and analysis of master and site plans for landscape use and development;

      (ii) the analysis of environmental, physical, and social considerations related to land use;

      (iii) the preparation of drawings, construction documents, and specifications; and

      (iv) construction observation;

    (D) design coordination and review of technical submissions, plans, and construction documents prepared by individuals working under the direction of the Landscape Architect;

    (E) the preparation of feasibility studies, statements of probable construction costs, and reports and site selection for landscape development and preservation;

    (F) the integration, site analysis, and determination of the location of buildings, structures, and circulation and environmental systems;

    (G) the analysis and design of:

      (i) site landscape grading and drainage;

      (ii) systems for landscape erosion and sediment control; and

      (iii) pedestrian walkway systems;

    (H) the planning and placement of uninhabitable landscape structures, plants, landscape lighting, and hard surface areas;

    (I) the collaboration of Landscape Architects with other professionals in the design of roads, bridges, and structures regarding the functional, environmental, and aesthetic requirements of the areas in which they are to be placed; and

    (J) field observation of landscape site construction, revegetation, and maintenance.

  (34) LARE--Landscape Architect Registration Examination.

  (35) Licensed--Registered.

  (36) Member Board--A landscape architectural registration board that is part of CLARB.

  (37) Nonregistrant--An individual who is not a Landscape Architect.

  (38) Principal--A Landscape Architect who is responsible, either alone or with other Landscape Architects, for an organization's practice of Landscape Architecture.

  (39) Prototypical--From or of a landscape architectural design intentionally created not only to establish the landscape architectural parameters of a project but also to serve as a functional model on which future variations of the basic landscape architectural design would be based for use in additional locations.

  (40) Registrant--Landscape Architect.

  (41) Regulatory Approval--The approval of Construction Documents by the applicable Governmental Entity after a review of the landscape architectural content of the Construction Documents as a prerequisite to construction of a project.

  (42) Reinstatement--The procedure through which a Surrendered or revoked Texas landscape architectural registration certificate is restored.

  (43) Renewal--The procedure through which a Landscape Architect pays a periodic fee so that the Landscape Architect's registration certificate will continue to be effective.

  (44) Responsible charge--That degree of control over and detailed knowledge of the content of technical submissions during their preparation as is ordinarily exercised by registered landscape architects applying the applicable landscape architectural standard of care.

  (45) Revocation or Revoked--The termination of a landscape architectural certificate by the Board.

  (46) Rules and Regulations of the Board--22 Texas Administrative Code §§3.1 et seq.

  (47) Rules of Procedure of SOAH--1 Texas Administrative Code §§155.1 et seq.

  (48) Secretary-Treasurer--The member of the Board responsible for signing the official copy of the minutes of each Board meeting and maintaining the record of Board members' attendance at Board meetings.

  (49) Signature--A personal signature of the individual whose name is signed or an authorized copy of such signature.

  (50) SOAH--State Office of Administrative Hearings.

  (51) Sole Practitioner--A Landscape Architect who is the only design professional to offer or render landscape architectural services on behalf of a business entity.

  (52) State Office of Administrative Hearings (SOAH)--A Governmental Entity created to serve as an independent forum for the conduct of adjudicative hearings involving the executive branch of Texas government.

  (53) Supervision and Control--The amount of oversight by a landscape architect overseeing the work of another whereby:

    (A) the landscape architect and the individual performing the work can document frequent and detailed communication with one another and the landscape architect has both control over and detailed professional knowledge of the work; or

    (B) the landscape architect is in Responsible Charge of the work and the individual performing the work is employed by the landscape architect or by the landscape architect's employer.

  (54) Supplemental Document--A document that modifies or adds to the technical landscape architectural content of an existing Construction Document.

  (55) Surrender--The act of relinquishing a Texas landscape architectural registration certificate along with all privileges associated with the certificate.

  (56) Sustainable Design--An integrative approach to the process of design which seeks to avoid depletion of energy, water, and raw material resources; prevent environmental degradation caused by facility and infrastructure development during their implementation and over their life cycle; and create environments that are livable and promote health, safety and well-being. Sustainability is the concept of meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  (57) Table of Equivalents for Experience in Landscape Architecture--22 Texas Administrative Code §3.191 and §3.192 of this chapter.

  (58) TBAE--Texas Board of Architectural Examiners.

  (59) TDLR--Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation.

  (60) Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR)--A Texas state agency responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the Texas Architectural Barriers Act.

  (61) Vice-Chair--The member of the Board who serves as the assistant presiding officer and, in the absence of the Chair, serves as the Board's presiding officer. If necessary, the Vice-Chair succeeds the Chair until a new Chair is appointed.


Source Note: The provisions of this §3.5 adopted to be effective February 28, 1990, 15 TexReg 868; amended to be effective March 31, 1992, 17 TexReg 2007; amended to be effective December 6, 1995, 20 TexReg 9846; amended to be effective June 30, 1997, 22 TexReg 5921; amended to be effective April 5, 2000, 25 TexReg 2811; amended to be effective February 27, 2001, 26 TexReg 1716; amended to be effective March 6, 2003, 28 TexReg 1871; amended to be effective March 30, 2006, 31 TexReg 2454; amended to be effective September 19, 2006, 31 TexReg 7992; amended to be effective April 3, 2008, 33 TexReg 2691; amended to be effective December 14, 2008, 33 TexReg 10157; amended to beeffective June 21, 2009, 34 TexReg 3946; amended to be effective September 25, 2012, 37 TexReg 7482; amended to be effective January 11, 2017, 42 TexReg 13; amended to be effective July 8, 2020, 45 TexReg 4514

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