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RULE §222.1Definitions

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

  (1) Advanced health assessment--A course that offers content supported by related clinical experience such that students gain the knowledge and skills needed to perform comprehensive assessments to acquire data, make diagnoses of health status, and formulate effective clinical management plans. Content must include assessment of all human systems, advanced assessment techniques, concepts, and approaches.

  (2) Advanced Pharmacotherapeutics--A course that offers advanced content in pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacotherapeutics of all broad categories of agents, and the application of drug therapy to the treatment of disease and/or the promotion of health.

  (3) Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology--A dedicated, comprehensive, system-focused pathology course(s) that provides students with the knowledge and skills to analyze the relationship between normal physiology and pathological phenomena produced by altered states across the life span.

  (4) Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN)--As defined by §301.152, Occupations Code. The term includes an advanced nurse practitioner and advanced practice nurse.

  (5) Board--The Texas Board of Nursing.

  (6) Controlled Substance--As defined by §481.002, Health and Safety Code.

  (7) Dangerous Drug--As defined by §483.001, Health and Safety Code.

  (8) Device--As defined by §551.003, Occupations Code, and includes durable medical equipment.

  (9) Diagnosis and management course--A course offering both didactic and clinical content in clinical decision-making and aspects of medical diagnosis and medical management of diseases and conditions. Supervised clinical practice must include the opportunity to provide pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of diseases and conditions considered within the scope of practice of the APRN's population focus area and role.

  (10) Facility-based practice--A hospital, as defined by §157.051(6), Occupations Code, or a licensed long term care facility. A facility based practice does not include a freestanding clinic, center, or other medical practice associated with or owned or operated by a hospital or licensed long term care facility.

  (11) Health professional shortage area--

    (A) An urban or rural area of this state that:

      (i) is not required to conform to the geographic boundaries of a political subdivision but is a rational area for the delivery of health services;

      (ii) the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines has a health professional shortage; and

      (iii) is not reasonably accessible to an adequately served area;

    (B) A population group that the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines has a health professional shortage; or

    (C) A public or non-profit private medical facility or other facility that the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines has a health profession shortage as described by 42 U.S.C. §254e(a)(1).

  (12) Hospital--A facility that:

    (A) is:

      (i) a general hospital or a special hospital, as those terms are defined by §241.003, Health and Safety Code, including a hospital maintained or operated by a state; or

      (ii) a mental hospital licensed under Chapter 577, Health and Safety Code; and

    (B) has an organized medical staff.

  (13) Medication order--As defined by §551.003, Occupations Code and §481.002, Health and Safety Code.

  (14) Non-prescription drug--As defined by §551.003, Occupations Code.

  (15) Physician group practice--An entity through which two or more physicians deliver health care to the public through the practice of medicine on a regular basis and that is:

    (A) owned and operated by two or more physicians; or

    (B) a freestanding clinic, center, or office of a non-profit health organization certified by the Texas Medical Board under §162.001(b), Occupations Code, that complies with the requirements of Chapter 162.

  (16) Population focus area--The section of the population with which the APRN has been licensed to practice by the Board.

  (17) Practice serving a medically under-served population--

    (A) A practice in a health professional shortage area;

    (B) A clinic designated as a rural health clinic under 42 U.S.C.§1395x(aa);

    (C) A public health clinic or a family planning clinic under contract with the Health and Human Services Commission or the Department of State Health Services;

    (D) A clinic designated as a federally qualified health center under 42 U.S.C. §1396d(1)(2)(B);

    (E) A county, state, or federal correctional facility;

    (F) A practice:

      (i) that either:

        (I) is located in an area in which the Department of State Health Services determines there is an insufficient number of physicians providing services to eligible clients of federally, state, or locally funded health care programs; or

        (II) is a practice that the Department of State Health Services determines serves a disproportionate number of clients eligible to participate in federally, state, or locally funded health care programs; and

      (ii) for which the Department of State Health Services publishes notice of the department's determination in the Texas Register and provides an opportunity for public comment in the manner provided for a proposed rule under Chapter 2001, Government Code; or

    (G) A practice at which a physician was delegating prescriptive authority to an APRN or physician assistant on or before March 1, 2013, based on the practice qualifying as a site serving a medically under-served population.

  (18) Prescribe or order a drug or device--Prescribing or ordering a drug or device, including the issuing of a prescription drug order or a medication order.

  (19) Prescription drug--As defined by §551.003, Occupations Code.

  (20) Prescriptive authority agreement--An agreement entered into by a physician and an APRN or physician assistant through which the physician delegates to the APRN or physician assistant the act of prescribing or ordering a drug or device.

  (21) Protocols or other written authorization--Written authorization to provide medical aspects of patient care that are agreed upon and signed by the APRN and delegating physician, reviewed and signed at least annually, and maintained in the practice setting of the APRN. The term "protocols or other written authorization" is separate and distinct from a prescriptive authority agreement. However, a prescriptive authority agreement may reference or include the terms of a protocol or other written authorization. Protocols or other written authorization shall be defined to promote the exercise of professional judgment by the APRN commensurate with his/her education and experience. Such protocols or other written authorization need not describe the exact steps that the APRN must take with respect to each specific condition, disease, or symptom and may state types or categories of drugs or devices that may be prescribed or ordered rather than just list specific drugs or devices.

  (22) Shall and must--Mandatory requirements.

  (23) Should--A recommendation.

Source Note: The provisions of this §222.1 adopted to be effective November 20, 2013, 38 TexReg 8212

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