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TITLE 22EXAMINING BOARDS
PART 21TEXAS STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF PSYCHOLOGISTS
CHAPTER 465RULES OF PRACTICE
RULE §465.2Supervision

(a) Supervision in General. The following rules apply to all supervisory relationships.

  (1) A licensee is responsible for the supervision of all individuals that the licensee employs or utilizes to provide psychological services of any kind.

  (2) Licensees ensure that their supervisees have legal authority to provide psychological services.

  (3) Licensees delegate only those responsibilities that supervisees may legally and competently perform.

  (4) All individuals who receive psychological services requiring informed consent from an individual under supervision must be informed in writing of the supervisory status of the individual and how the patient or client may contact the supervising licensee directly.

  (5) All materials relating to the practice of psychology, upon which the supervisee's name or signature appears, must indicate the supervisory status of the supervisee. Supervisory status must be indicated by one of the following:

    (A) Supervised by (name of supervising licensee);

    (B) Under the supervision of (name of supervising licensee);

    (C) The following persons are under the supervision of (name of supervising licensee); or

    (D) Supervisee of (name of supervising licensee).

  (6) Licensees provide an adequate level of supervision to all individuals under their supervision according to accepted professional standards given the experience, skill and training of the supervisee, the availability of other qualified licensees for consultation, and the type of psychological services being provided.

  (7) Licensees utilize methods of supervision that enable the licensee to monitor all delegated services for legal, competent, and ethical performance. Methods of supervision may include remote or electronic means if:

    (A) adequate supervision can be provided through remote or electronic means;

    (B) the difficulties in providing full-time in-person supervision place an unreasonable burden on the delivery of psychological services; and

    (C) no more than fifty percent of the supervision takes place through remote or electronic means.

  (8) Licensees must be competent to perform any psychological services being provided under their supervision.

  (9) Licensees shall document their supervision activities in writing, including any remote or electronic supervision provided. Documentation shall include the dates, times, and length of supervision.

  (10) Licensees may only supervise the number of supervisees for which they can provide adequate supervision.

(b) Supervision of Students, Interns, Residents, Fellows, and Trainees. The following rules apply to all supervisory relationships involving students, interns, residents, fellows, and trainees.

  (1) Unlicensed individuals providing psychological services pursuant to §§501.004(a)(2), 501.252(b)(2), or 501.260(b)(3) of the Act must be under the supervision of a qualified supervising licensee at all times.

  (2) Supervision must be provided by a qualified supervising licensee before it will be accepted for licensure purposes.

  (3) A licensee practicing under a restricted status license is not qualified to, and shall not provide supervision for a person seeking to fulfill internship or practicum requirements, or a person seeking licensure under the Psychologists' Licensing Act, regardless of the setting in which the supervision takes place, unless authorized to do so by the Board. A licensee shall inform all supervisees of any Board order restricting their license and assist the supervisees with finding appropriate alternate supervision.

  (4) A supervisor must document in writing their supervisee's performance during a practicum, internship, or period of supervised experience required for licensure. The supervisor must provide this documentation to the supervisee.

  (5) An individual subject to this subsection may allow a supervisee, as part of a required practicum, internship, or period of supervised experience required for licensure with this Board, to supervise others in the delivery of psychological services.

  (6) For provisional trainees, a supervisor must provide at least one hour of individual supervision per week and may reduce the amount of weekly supervision on a proportional basis for provisional trainees working less than full-time.

  (7) Licensees may not supervise an individual to whom they are related within the second degree of affinity or consanguinity.

(c) Supervision of Provisionally Licensed Psychologists and Licensed Psychological Associates. The following rules apply to all supervisory relationships involving Provisionally Licensed Psychologists and Licensed Psychological Associates.

  (1) Provisionally Licensed Psychologists must be under the supervision of a Licensed Psychologist and may not engage in independent practice.

  (2) A Provisionally Licensed Psychologist who is licensed in another state to independently practice psychology and is in good standing in that state, and who has applied for licensure as a psychologist may during the time that the Board is processing the applicant's application for licensure as a psychologist, practice psychology without supervision. However, upon notification from the Board that an applicant has not met the qualifications for licensure as a psychologist, the provisionally licensed psychologists must obtain supervision within 30 days in order to continue to practice.

  (3) A provisionally licensed psychologist may, as part of a period of supervised experience required for full licensure with this Board, supervise others in the delivery of psychological services.

  (4) A supervisor must provide at least one hour of individual supervision per week. A supervisor may reduce the amount of weekly supervision on a proportional basis for supervisees working less than full-time.

(d) Supervision of Licensed Specialists in School Psychology interns and trainees. The following rules apply to all supervisory relationships involving Licensed Specialists in School Psychology, as well as all interns and trainees working toward licensure as a specialist in school psychology.

  (1) A supervisor must provide an LSSP trainee with at least one hour of supervision per week, with no more than half being group supervision. A supervisor may reduce the amount of weekly supervision on a proportional basis for trainees working less than full-time.

  (2) Supervision within the public schools may only be provided by a Licensed Specialist in School Psychology, who has a minimum of three years of experience providing psychological services within the public school system without supervision. To qualify, a licensee must be able to show proof of their license, credential, or authority to provide unsupervised school psychological services in the jurisdiction where those services were provided, along with documentation from the public school(s) evidencing delivery of those services.

  (3) Supervisors must sign educational documents completed for students by the supervisee, including student evaluation reports, or similar professional reports to consumers, other professionals, or other audiences. It is not a violation of this rule if supervisors do not sign documents completed by a committee reflecting the deliberations of an educational meeting for an individual student which the supervisee attended and participated in as part of the legal proceedings required by federal and state education laws, unless the supervisor also attended and participated in such meeting.

  (4) Supervisors shall document all supervision sessions. This documentation must include information about the duration of sessions, as well as the focus of discussion or training. The documentation must also include information regarding:

    (A) any contracts or service agreements between the public school district and university school psychology training program;

    (B) any contracts or service agreements between the public school district and the supervisee;

    (C) the supervisee's professional liability insurance coverage, if any;

    (D) any training logs required by the school psychology training program; and

    (E) the supervisee's trainee or licensure status.

  (5) Supervisors must ensure that each individual completing any portion of the internship required by Board rule §463.9, is provided with a written agreement that includes a clear statement of the expectations, duties, and responsibilities of each party, including the total hours to be performed by the intern, benefits and support to be provided by the supervisor, and the process by which the intern will be supervised and evaluated.

  (6) Supervisors must ensure that supervisees have access to a process for addressing serious concerns regarding a supervisee's performance. The process must protect the rights of clients to receive quality services, assure adequate feedback and opportunities for improvement to the supervisee, and ensure due process protection in cases of possible termination of the supervisory relationship.

(e) The various parts of this rule should be construed, if possible, so that effect is given to each part. However, where a general provision conflicts with a more specific provision, the specific provision shall control.


Source Note: The provisions of this §465.2 adopted to be effective April 19, 2016, 41 TexReg 2767; amended to be effective September 26, 2016, 41 TexReg 7486; amended to be effective December 18, 2017, 42 TexReg 7163

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