The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall
have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates
otherwise. Unless defined in this section, all words have definitions
as provided in the Texas Health and Safety Code, §826.002.
(1) Animal--Any mammal, domesticated or wild.
(2) Assistance animal--An animal that is specially
trained or equipped to help a person with a disability and that:
(A) is used by a person with a disability who has satisfactorily
completed a specific course of training in the use of the animal;
(B) has been trained by an organization generally recognized
by agencies involved in the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities
as reputable and competent to provide animals with training of this
(3) Cat--Any domestic cat, excluding hybrids.
(4) Confinement--The restriction of an animal to an
area, in isolation from other animals and people, except for contact
necessary for its care.
(5) Currently vaccinated--Vaccinated and satisfying
all the following criteria.
(A) The animal must have been vaccinated against rabies
with a vaccine licensed by the United States Department of Agriculture
(USDA) for that species at or after the minimum age requirement and
using the recommended route of administration for the vaccine.
(B) At least 30 days have elapsed since the initial
(C) The time elapsed since the most recent vaccination
has not exceeded the recommended interval for booster vaccination
as established by the manufacturer.
(6) Custodian--A person or agency which feeds, shelters,
harbors, owns, has possession or control of, or has the responsibility
to control an animal.
(7) Department--The Department of State Health Services.
(8) Dog--Any domestic dog, excluding hybrids.
(9) Domestic animal--Any animal normally adapted to
live in intimate association with humans or for the advantage of humans.
(10) Domestic ferret--Any Mustela
(11) Euthanatize--To cause the death of an animal implementing
a technique that is in accordance with the methods, recommendations,
and procedures prepared by the American Veterinary Medical Association
(AVMA) and set forth in the latest edition of the AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia and:
(A) rapidly produces unconsciousness and death with
minimal pain or distress; or
(B) utilizes anesthesia produced by an agent that causes
painless loss of consciousness and death following such loss of consciousness.
(12) Health service region--A contiguous group of Texas
counties, so designated by the Executive Commissioner of the Health
and Human Services Commission.
(13) High-risk animals--Those animals which have a
high probability of transmitting rabies; they include skunks, bats,
foxes, coyotes, and raccoons.
(14) Housing facility--Any room, building, or area
used to contain a primary enclosure or enclosures.
(15) Hybrid--Any offspring of two animals of different
(16) Impoundment--The collecting and confining of an
animal by a government entity or government contractor pursuant to
a state or local ordinance.
(17) Impoundment facility--An enclosure or a structure
in which an animal is collected or confined by a government entity
or government contractor pursuant to a state or local ordinance.
(18) Local rabies control authority--The officer designated
by the municipal or county governing body under the Texas Health and
Safety Code, §826.017.
(19) Low-risk animals--Those animals which have a low
probability of transmitting rabies; they include all animals of the
orders Didelphimorphia, Insectivora, Rodentia, Lagomorpha, and Xenarthra.
(20) Observation period--The time following a potential
rabies exposure during which the health status of the animal responsible
for the potential exposure must be monitored. The observation period
for dogs, cats, and domestic ferrets (only) is 10 days (240 hours);
the observation period for other animals, not including those defined
as high risk, unless otherwise specified in §169.27 of this title
(relating to Quarantine Method and Testing), or low risk, is 30 days.
All observation periods are calculated from the time of the potential
(21) Police service animal--An animal as defined in
the Texas Penal Code, §38.151.
(22) Potential exposure--An incident in which an animal
has bitten a human or in which there is probable cause to believe
that an animal has otherwise exposed a human to rabies; also referred
to as a potential rabies exposure.
(23) Primary enclosure--Any structure used to immediately
restrict an animal or animals to a limited amount of space, such as
a room, pen, run, cage, compartment, or hutch.
(24) Quarantine facility--A structure where animals
are held for rabies observation.
(25) Quarantine period--That portion of the observation
period during which an animal that has potentially exposed a human
to rabies is under physical confinement for observation as provided
for in §169.27 of this title.
(26) Sanitize--To make visibly clean followed by the
use of a disinfectant to destroy disease-producing agents.
(27) Suitable Specimen--For rabies testing, a whole
bat or small rodent, a head with brain and brain stem intact, or a
complete transverse cross section of the brain stem and tissue from
at least one of the following: cerebellum and/or hippocampus.
(28) Unowned animal--Any animal for which a custodian
has not been identified.
(29) Vaccinated--Properly administered by or under
the direct supervision of a veterinarian with a rabies vaccine licensed
for use in that species by the USDA.
(30) Veterinarian--A person licensed to practice veterinary
medicine in the United States.
(31) Zoonosis Control Branch--The branch within the
department to which the responsibility for administering this subchapter
|Source Note: The provisions of this §169.22 adopted to be effective April 1, 1980, 5 TexReg 812; amended to be effective March 29, 1988, 13 TexReg 1337; amended to be effective February 22, 1993, 18 TexReg 845; amended to be effective February 21, 1996, 21 TexReg 963; amended to be effective August 21, 1996, 21 TexReg 7660; amended to be effective July 12, 1998, 23 TexReg 7224; amended to be effective February 18, 2003, 28 TexReg 1389; amended to be effective March 19, 2003, 28 TexReg 2341; amended to be effective December 20, 2007, 32 TexReg 9341; amended to be effective March 31, 2013, 38 TexReg 1994