|(a) Cleanability. Except as specified under subsection
(d) of this section, and except for antislip floor coverings or applications
that may be used for safety reasons, the floors, floor coverings,
walls, wall coverings, and ceilings shall be designed, constructed,
and installed so they are smooth and easily cleanable,
(b) Floors, walls, and ceilings, utility lines.
(1) Utility service lines and pipes may not be unnecessarily
(2) Exposed utility service lines and pipes shall be
installed so they do not obstruct or prevent cleaning of the floors,
walls, or ceilings.
(3) Exposed horizontal utility service lines and pipes
may not be installed on the floor.
(c) Floor and wall junctures, coved, and enclosed or
(1) In food establishments in which cleaning methods
other than water flushing are used for cleaning floors, the floor
and wall junctures shall be coved and closed to no larger than 1 mm
(one thirty-second inch).
(2) The floors in food establishments in which water
flush cleaning methods are used shall be provided with drains and
be graded to drain, and the floor and wall junctures shall be covered
(d) Floor carpeting, restrictions and installation.
(1) A floor covering such as carpeting or similar material
may not be installed as a floor covering in food preparation areas,
walk-in refrigerators, warewashing areas, toilet room areas where
handwashing lavatories, toilets, and urinals are located, refuse storage
rooms, or other areas where the floor is subject to moisture, flushing,
or spray cleaning methods.
(2) If carpeting is installed as a floor covering in
areas other than those specified in paragraph (1) of this subsection,
it shall be:
(A) securely attached to the floor with a durable mastic,
by using a stretch and tack method, or by another method; and
(B) installed tightly against the wall under the coving
or installed away from the wall with a space between the carpet and
the wall and with the edges of the carpet secured by metal stripping
or some other means.
(e) Floor covering, mats and duckboards. Mats and duckboards
shall be designed to be removable and easily cleanable.
(f) Wall and ceiling coverings and coatings.
(1) Wall and ceiling covering materials shall be attached
so that they are easily cleanable.
(2) Except in areas used only for dry storage, concrete,
porous blocks, or bricks used for indoor wall construction shall be
finished and sealed to provide a smooth, nonabsorbent, easily cleanable
(3) Walls including non-supporting partitions, wall
covering and ceilings of the walk-in refrigeration units, food preparation
areas, equipment washing and utensil washing areas, toilet rooms and
vestibules shall be light in color.
(g) Walls and ceilings, attachments.
(1) Except as specified in paragraph (2) of this subsection,
attachments to walls and ceilings such as light fixtures, mechanical
room ventilation system components, vent covers, wall mounted fans,
decorative items, and other attachments shall be easily cleanable.
(2) In a consumer area, wall and ceiling surfaces and
decorative items and attachments that are provided for ambiance need
not meet this requirement if they are kept clean.
(h) Walls and ceilings, studs, joists, and rafters.
Except for temporary food establishments, studs, joists, and rafters
may not be exposed in areas subject to moisture.