|(a) Light bulbs, protective shielding.
(1) Except as specified in paragraph (2) of this subsection,
light bulbs shall be shielded, coated, or otherwise shatter-resistant
in areas where there is exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and
linens; or unwrapped single-service and single-use articles.
(2) Shielded, coated, or otherwise shatter-resistant
bulbs need not be used in areas used only for storing food in unopened
(A) the integrity of the packages cannot be affected
by broken glass falling onto them; and
(B) the packages are capable of being cleaned of debris
from broken bulbs before the packages are opened.
(3) An infrared or other heat lamp shall be protected
against breakage by a shield surrounding and extending beyond the
bulb so that only the face of the bulb is exposed.
(b) Heating, ventilating, air conditioning system vents.
Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems shall be designed
and installed so that make-up air intake and exhaust vents do not
cause contamination of food, food-contact surfaces, equipment, or
(c) Insect control devices, design and installation.
(1) Insect control devices that are used to electrocute
or stun flying insects shall be designed to retain the insect within
(2) Insect control devices shall be installed so that:
(A) the devices are not located over a food preparation
(B) dead insects and insect fragments are prevented
from being impelled onto or falling on exposed food; clean equipment,
utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use
(d) Toilet rooms, enclosed. Except where a toilet room
is located outside a food establishment and does not open directly
into the food establishment such as a toilet room that is provided
by the management of a shopping mall, a toilet room located on the
premises shall be completely enclosed and provided with a tight-fitting
and self-closing door.
(e) Outer openings, protected.
(1) Except as specified in paragraphs (2) - (5) of
this subsection, outer openings of a food establishment shall be protected
against the entry of insects and rodents by:
(A) filling or closing holes and other gaps along floors,
walls, and ceilings;
(B) closed, tight-fitting windows; and
(C) solid, self-closing, tight-fitting doors.
(2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection does not apply
if a food establishment opens into a larger structure, such as a mall,
airport, or office building, or into an attached structure, such as
a porch, and the outer openings from the larger or attached structure
are protected against the entry of insects and rodents.
(3) Exterior doors used as exits need not be self-closing
if they are:
(A) solid and tight-fitting;
(B) designated for use only when an emergency exists,
by the fire protection authority that has jurisdiction over the food
(C) limited-use so they are not used for entrance or
exit from the building for purposes other than the designated emergency
(4) Except as specified in paragraphs (2) and (5) of
this subsection, if the windows or doors of a food establishment,
or of a larger structure within which a food establishment is located,
are kept open for ventilation or other purposes or a temporary food
establishment is not provided with windows and doors as specified
under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the openings shall be protected
against the entry of insects and rodents by:
(A) 16 mesh to 25.4 mm (16 mesh to 1 inch) screens;
(B) properly designed and installed air curtains to
control flying insects; or
(C) other effective means.
(5) Paragraph (4) of this subsection does not apply
if flying insects and other pests are absent due to the location of
the establishment, the weather, or other limiting condition.
(f) Exterior walls and roofs, protective barrier. Perimeter
walls and roofs of a food establishment shall effectively protect
the establishment from the weather and the entry of insects, rodents,
and other animals.
(g) Outdoor food vending areas, overhead protection.
Except for machines that vend canned beverages if located outside,
a machine used to vend food shall be provided with overhead protection.
(h) Outdoor Servicing Areas, Overhead Protection. Except
for areas used only for the loading of water or the discharge of sewage
and other liquid waste, through the use of a closed system of hoses,
servicing areas shall be provided with overhead protection.
(i) Outdoor walking and driving surfaces, graded to
drain. Exterior walking and driving surfaces shall be graded to drain.
(j) Outdoor refuse areas, curbed and graded to drain.
Outdoor refuse areas shall be constructed in accordance with law and
shall be curbed and graded to drain to collect and dispose of liquid
waste that result from the refuse and from cleaning the area and waste
(k) Private homes and living or sleeping quarters,
use prohibition. A private home, a room used as living or sleeping
quarters, or an area directly opening into a room used as living or
sleeping quarters may not be used for conducting food establishment
(l) Living or sleeping quarters, separation. Living
or sleeping quarters located on the premises of a food establishment
such as those provided for lodging registration clerks or resident
managers shall be separated from rooms and areas used for food establishment
operations by complete partitioning and solid self-closing doors.