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TITLE 26HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
PART 1HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMMISSION
CHAPTER 553LICENSING STANDARDS FOR ASSISTED LIVING FACILITIES
SUBCHAPTER DFACILITY CONSTRUCTION
DIVISION 11NEW LARGE TYPE B ASSISTED LIVING FACILITIES
RULE §553.242Space Planning and Utilization Requirements for a New Large Type B Assisted Living Facility

(a) Resident bedrooms.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a resident bedroom or living unit is not located on a floor that is below finished ground level.

  (2) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure bedroom usable floor space is not less than 100 square feet for a bedroom housing one resident and not less than 80 square feet per resident for a bedroom housing multiple residents, unless otherwise permitted by paragraphs (3) and (4) of this subsection. Portions of a bedroom that are less than 10 feet in the smallest dimension cannot be included in the measurement of bedroom usable floor space, unless approved by HHSC.

  (3) A new large Type B assisted living facility containing individual living units that include living space for the residents, in addition to their bedroom, may reduce the bedroom usable floor space for a bedroom housing multiple residents within a living unit by up to 10 percent of the required bedroom usable floor space, as long as the minimum dimensional criteria are maintained. A new large Type B assisted living facility must not use this provision in conjunction with the provision permitting the reduction of common social-diversional areas or common dining areas found in subsection (g)(6) of this section.

  (4) A new large Type B assisted living facility must house no more than 50 percent of its licensed resident capacity in bedrooms housing three or more residents. A bedroom must not house more than four residents.

(b) Bedroom windows. A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure each bedroom has at least one operable window with outside exposure and meeting the following requirements.

  (1) The window sill must be no higher than 44 inches above the floor.

  (2) The window must be operable by a resident occupying the bedroom, from the inside, without the use of tools or special devices.

  (3) The total area of all windows in a bedroom must not be less than eight percent of the minimum bedroom usable floor space required by subsection (a)(3) of this section.

(c) Bedroom furnishings. When a resident does not provide their own furnishings, a new large Type B assisted living facility must provide the following furnishings for each resident, which must be maintained in good repair:

  (1) a bed including a mattress;

  (2) a chair;

  (3) a table or dresser; and

  (4) private clothes storage space, which must have closable doors, and drawer space for clothing and personal belongings.

(d) Arrangement of resident living units or rooms.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure all resident rooms open on an exit, corridor, living area, or public area.

  (2) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a resident room is arranged for convenient resident access to dining and recreation areas.

(e) Staff area. A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a staff area on each floor of a new large Type B assisted living facility and in each separate building containing resident sleeping rooms. A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide the following at each staff area:

  (1) a desk or writing surface;

  (2) a telephone; and

  (3) a fire alarm control unit or a fire alarm annunciator panel meeting the requirements of §553.245 of this division (relating to Fire Protection Systems Requirements for a New Large Type B Assisted Living Facility).

(f) Resident toilet and bathing facilities. A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure each resident bedroom is served by a separate private toilet room, a connecting toilet room, or a general toilet room.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility that houses individuals of more than one gender must provide toilet rooms for each gender, or individual single-occupant toilet rooms for use by any gender.

  (2) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a general toilet room or bathing room is accessible from a corridor or public space.

  (3) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure resident toilet and bathing facilities comply with the requirements for resident-use plumbing fixtures according to §553.247 of this division (relating to Mechanical Requirements for a New Large Type B Assisted Living Facility).

(g) Resident living areas.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide, in a common area of the facility, social-diversional spaces with appropriate furniture. Examples of social-diversional spaces include living rooms, day rooms, lounges, dens, game rooms, and sunrooms.

    (A) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a social-diversional space with a minimum area of 120 square feet in at least one space within a common area of the facility, regardless of number of residents or other provisions of this section permitting a reduction in the total minimum social-diversional space.

    (B) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a social-diversional space has one or more exterior windows providing a view of the outside.

    (C) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure the total space for social-diversional areas is provided on a sliding scale according to the following table. No space smaller than 120 square feet in area can be counted toward meeting this requirement.

Attached Graphic

  (2) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a dining area with appropriate furniture.

    (A) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a dining space with a minimum area of 120 square feet in at least one space within a common area of the facility, regardless of number of residents or other provisions of this section permitting a reduction in the total minimum dining space.

    (B) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a dining space has one or more exterior windows providing a view of the outside.

    (C) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a dining area is accessible from resident living units or bedrooms via a covered path.

    (D) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure the total space for dining areas is provided on a sliding scale according to the following table. No space smaller than 120 square feet in area can be counted toward meeting this requirement.

Attached Graphic

  (3) A new large Type B assisted living facility may provide a total living and dining area combined in a single or interconnecting space where the minimum area of the combined space is at least 240 square feet.

  (4) For calculation purposes, where a means of egress passes through a living or dining area, a new large Type B assisted living facility must deduct a pathway, equal to the minimum corridor width according to §553.243 of this division (relating to Means of Egress Requirements for a New Large Type B Assisted Living Facility), from the measured area of the space.

  (5) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a means of egress through a resident living or dining area is kept clear of obstructions, except as permitted by NFPA 101.

  (6) Subject to the limitations of paragraphs (1)(A) and (2)(A) of this subsection and subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, a new large Type B assisted living facility containing individual living units may reduce the minimum square footage required by paragraphs (1)(C) and (2)(D) of this subsection for total common social-diversional or common dining areas, respectively, by including up to 10 percent of the individual living unit area in the calculation of the total social-diversional area or total dining area.

    (A) The individual living unit area contributed toward total social-diversional space or total dining space must not be counted more than once per living unit but may be split between social-diversional and dining space calculations.

    (B) A new large Type B assisted living facility must not utilize both this paragraph and subsection (a)(3) of this section to reduce both the minimum square footage otherwise required for its common social-diversional or dining areas and the minimum square footage of usable floor space otherwise required in bedrooms housing multiple residents within a living unit.

(h) Storage areas. A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide sufficient separate storage spaces or areas for at least:

  (1) administrative records, office supplies, and other storage needs related to administration;

  (2) medications and medical supplies;

  (3) equipment supplied by the facility for resident needs, including wheelchairs, walkers, beds, and mattresses;

  (4) cleaning supplies, including for janitorial needs;

  (5) food;

  (6) clean linens and towels, if the facility furnishes linen;

  (7) soiled linen, if the facility furnishes linen; and

  (8) lawn and maintenance equipment.

(i) General kitchen.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility that prepares food off-site or in a separate building must ensure food is served at the proper temperature and transported in a sanitary manner.

  (2) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a kitchen meets the requirements of the local fire, building, and health codes.

  (3) A new large Type B assisted living facility that prepares food on-site must provide a kitchen or dietary area to meet the general food service needs of the residents and must include space for the following:

    (A) storage, refrigeration, preparation, and serving food;

    (B) dish and utensil cleaning which includes:

      (i) a three-compartment sink large enough to immerse pots and pans; and

      (ii) a mechanical dishwasher for washing and sanitizing dishes;

    (C) a food preparation sink;

    (D) a handwashing station in every food preparation area with a supply of hot and cold water, soap, a towel dispenser, and a waste receptacle;

    (E) a handwashing lavatory that is readily accessible to every dish room area;

    (F) refuse storage and removal;

    (G) floor drains in the kitchen and dishwashing areas; and

    (H) a grease trap, if required by local authorities.

  (4) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure a kitchen is designed so that room temperature, at peak load or in the summer, does not exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit measured throughout the room at five feet above the floor.

  (5) A new large Type B assisted living facility must ensure the volume of supply air provided takes into account the large quantities of air that may be exhausted at the range hood and dishwashing area.

  (6) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a supply of hot and cold water.

    (A) Hot water for sanitizing purposes must be 180 degrees Fahrenheit.

    (B) When chemical sanitizers are used, hot water must meet the manufacturer's suggested temperature.

  (7) A new large Type B assisted living facility must maintain a separation between soiled and clean dish areas.

  (8) A new large Type B assisted living facility must maintain a separation of air flow between soiled and clean dish areas.

(j) Kitchen restrooms.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a restroom facility for kitchen staff, including a lavatory, except as described in paragraph (2) of this subsection.

    (A) The restroom facility must be directly accessible to kitchen staff without traversing resident use areas.

    (B) The restroom must open into a service corridor or vestibule and not open directly into the kitchen.

  (2) A new large Type B facility must ensure a kitchen serving a neighborhood or household provides a restroom accessible to kitchen staff located in close proximity to the kitchen.

(k) Kitchen janitorial facility.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide janitorial facilities exclusively for the kitchen and located in the kitchen area except as described in paragraph (2) of this subsection.

  (2) A new large Type B facility must ensure a kitchen serving a neighborhood or household provides a janitorial facility exclusively for the kitchen that is located in close proximity to the kitchen.

  (3) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide a garbage can or cart washing area with a floor drain and a supply of hot water. The garbage can or cart washing area may be in the interior or on the exterior of the facility.

(l) Finishes.

  (1) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide non-absorbent, smooth finishes or surfaces on all kitchen floors, walls, and ceilings.

  (2) A new large Type B assisted living facility must provide non-absorbent, smooth, cleanable finishes on counter surfaces and all cabinet surfaces.

Cont'd...

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