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RULE §554.801Resident Assessment

A facility must conduct, initially and periodically, a comprehensive, accurate, standardized, reproducible assessment of a resident's functional capacity. The facility must electronically transmit to CMS resident-entry-and-death-in-facility tracking records required by the RAI; and OBRA assessments, including admission, annual, quarterly, significant change, significant correction, and discharge assessments.

  (1) Admission orders. At the time a resident is admitted, the facility must have physician orders for the resident's immediate care.

  (2) Comprehensive assessments.

    (A) A facility must make a comprehensive assessment of a resident's needs, strengths, goals, life history, and preferences, using the current RAI process, including the MDS, Care Area Assessment process, and the Utilization Guidelines specified by HHSC and approved by CMS. The current RAI process is found in the MDS 3.0 manual posted by CMS on http://www.cms.gov.

    (B) A facility must conduct an additional assessment and document the summary information if the MDS indicates an additional assessment on a care area is required.

    (C) A facility must conduct a comprehensive assessment of a resident as follows:

      (i) within 14 calendar days after admission, excluding readmissions in which there is no significant change in the resident's physical or mental condition. For purposes of this section, "readmission" means a return to the facility following a temporary absence for hospitalization or for therapeutic leave;

      (ii) within 14 calendar days after the facility determines, or should have determined, that there has been a significant change in the resident's physical or mental condition. For purposes of this section, a "significant change" means a major decline or improvement in the resident's status that will not normally resolve itself without further intervention by staff or by implementing standard disease-related clinical interventions, that has an impact on more than one area of the resident's health status, and requires interdisciplinary review or revision of the comprehensive care plan, or both; and

      (iii) not less often than once every 12 months.

  (3) Quarterly review assessment. A facility must assess a resident using the quarterly review instrument specified by HHSC and approved by CMS not less frequently than once every three months.

  (4) Use. A facility must maintain all resident assessments completed within the previous 15 months in the resident's active record and use the results of the assessments to develop, review, and revise the resident's comprehensive care plan as specified in §19.802 of this subchapter (relating to Comprehensive Person-Centered Care Planning).

  (5) PASRR. A Medicaid-certified facility must:

    (A) coordinate assessments with the PASRR process in 42 CFR, Part 483, Subpart C to the maximum extent practicable to avoid duplicative testing and effort, including:

      (i) incorporating the recommendations from the PASRR level II determination and the PASRR evaluation report into a resident's assessment, care planning, and transitions of care; and

      (ii) referring a level II resident and a resident suspected of having mental illness, an intellectual disability, or a developmental disability for level II resident review upon a significant change in status assessment; and

    (B) promptly report a significant change in the mental or physical condition of a resident by submitting an MDS Significant Change in Status Assessment Form in the LTC Online Portal, in accordance with §19.2704(i)(12) of this chapter (Nursing Facility Responsibilities Related to PASRR).

  (6) Automated data processing requirement.

    (A) A facility must complete an MDS for a resident. The facility must enter MDS data into the facility's assessment software within 7 days after completing the MDS and electronically transmit the MDS data to CMS within 14 days after completing the MDS.

    (B) A facility must complete the Long Term Care Medicaid Information form on an OBRA assessment that is submitted to the state Medicaid claims system for a Medicaid recipient or Medicaid applicant according to HHSC instructions located on the Texas Medicaid Healthcare Partnership Long Term Care Portal at http://www.tmhp.com.

    (C) Data format. The facility must transmit MDS data to CMS in the format specified by CMS and HHSC.

    (D) Information concerning a resident is confidential and a facility must not release information concerning a resident except as allowed by this chapter, including §19.407 of this chapter (relating to Privacy and Confidentiality) and §19.1910(d) of this chapter (relating to Clinical Records).

  (7) Accuracy of assessments. The assessment must accurately reflect the resident's status.

  (8) Coordination. A registered nurse must conduct or coordinate each assessment with the appropriate participation of health professionals.

  (9) Certification.

    (A) A registered nurse must sign and certify that the assessment is completed.

    (B) Each individual who completes a portion of the assessment must sign and certify the accuracy of that portion of the assessment.

  (10) Penalty for falsification under Medicare and Medicaid.

    (A) An individual who willfully and knowingly:

      (i) certifies a material and false statement in a resident assessment is subject to a civil money penalty of not more than $1,000 for each assessment; or

      (ii) causes another individual to certify a material and false statement in a resident assessment is subject to a civil money penalty of not more than $5,000 for each assessment.

    (B) Clinical disagreement does not constitute a material and false statement.

  (11) Use of independent assessors in Medicaid-certified facilities and dually certified facilities. If HHSC determines, under a certification survey or otherwise, that there has been a knowing and willful certification of false statements under paragraph (10) of this section, HHSC may require (for a period specified by HHSC) individuals who are independent of the facility and who are approved by HHSC to conduct and certify the resident assessments under this section.

  (12) Pediatric resident assessment.

    (A) A facility must ensure that a pediatric assessment:

      (i) is performed by a licensed health professional experienced in the care and assessment of children;

      (ii) includes parents or guardians in the assessment process; and

      (iii) includes a discussion with a parent or guardian about the potential for community transition.

    (B) The clinical record of a child must include a record of immunizations, blood screening for lead, and developmental assessment. The local school district's developmental assessment may be used if available.

    (C) A licensed health professional must assess a child's functional status in relation to pediatric developmental levels, rather than adult developmental levels.

    (D) A facility must ensure pediatric residents receive services in accordance with the guidelines established by the Department of State Health Services' Texas Health Steps (THSteps). For Medicaid-eligible pediatric residents between the ages of six months and six years, blood screening for lead must be done in accordance with THSteps guidelines.

Source Note: The provisions of this §554.801 adopted to be effective October 1, 1999, 24 TexReg 7767; amended to be effective January 1, 2000, 24 TexReg 11522; amended to be effective May 1, 2002, 27 TexReg 2834; amended to be effective June 1, 2006, 31 TexReg 4457; amended to be effective August 31, 2015, 40 TexReg 5461; amended to be effective March 24, 2020, 45 TexReg 2025; transferred effective January 15, 2021, as published in the Texas Register December 11, 2020, 45 TexReg 8871

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