|(a) A new or renewal application for each specific
license to possess radioactive materials in unsealed form, on foils
or plated sources, or sealed in glass in excess of the quantities
in subsection (e) of this section shall contain either:
(1) an evaluation showing that the maximum dose to
a person off-site due to a release of radioactive material would not
exceed 1 rem effective dose equivalent or 5 rems to the thyroid; or
(2) an emergency plan for responding to a release of
(b) One or more of the following factors may be used
to support an evaluation submitted in accordance with subsection (a)(1)
of this section:
(1) the radioactive material is physically separated
so that only a portion could be involved in an accident;
(2) all or part of the radioactive material is not
subject to release during an accident because of the way it is stored
(3) the release fraction in the respirable size range
would be lower than the release fraction in subsection (e) of this
section due to the chemical or physical form of the material;
(4) the solubility of the radioactive material would
reduce the dose received;
(5) facility design or engineered safety features in
the facility would cause the release fraction to be lower than that
in subsection (e) of this section;
(6) operating restrictions or procedures would prevent
a release fraction as large as that in subsection (e) of this section;
(7) other factors appropriate for the specific facility.
(c) An emergency plan for responding to a release of
radioactive material submitted in accordance with subsection (a)(1)
of this section shall include the following information.
(1) Facility description. A brief description of the
licensee's facility and area near the site.
(2) Types of accidents. An identification of each type
of radioactive materials accident for which protective actions may
(3) Classification of accidents. A classification system
for classifying accidents as alerts or site area emergencies.
(4) Detection of accidents. Identification of the means
of detecting each type of accident in a timely manner.
(5) Mitigation of consequences. A brief description
of the means and equipment for mitigating the consequences of each
type of accident, including those provided to protect workers onsite,
and a description of the program for maintaining the equipment.
(6) Assessment of releases. A brief description of
the methods and equipment to assess releases of radioactive materials.
(7) Responsibilities. A brief description of the responsibilities
of licensee personnel should an accident occur, including identification
of personnel responsible for promptly notifying off-site response
organizations and the agency; also, responsibilities for developing,
maintaining, and updating the plan.
(8) Notification and coordination. A commitment to
and a brief description of the means to promptly notify off-site response
organizations and request off-site assistance, including medical assistance
for the treatment of contaminated injured onsite workers when appropriate.
A control point shall be established. The notification and coordination
shall be planned so that unavailability of some personnel, parts of
the facility, and some equipment will not prevent the notification
and coordination. The licensee shall also commit to notify the agency
immediately after notification of the appropriate off-site response
organizations and not later than one hour after the licensee declares
an emergency. These reporting requirements do not supersede or release
licensees from complying with the requirements in accordance with
the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know-Act of 1986, Title
III, Publication L. 99-499 or other state or federal reporting requirements.
(9) Information to be communicated. A brief description
of the types of information on facility status, radioactive releases,
and recommended protective actions, if necessary, to be given to off-site
response organizations and to the agency.
(10) Training. A brief description of the frequency,
performance objectives, and plans for the training that the licensee
will provide workers on how to respond to an emergency, including
any special instructions and orientation tours the licensee would
offer to fire, police, medical, and other emergency personnel. The
training shall familiarize personnel with site-specific emergency
procedures. Also, the training shall thoroughly prepare site personnel
for their responsibilities in the event of accident scenarios postulated
as most probable for the specific site, including the use of team
training for such scenarios.
(11) Safe shutdown. A brief description of the means
of restoring the facility to a safe condition after an accident.
(12) Exercises. Provisions for conducting quarterly
communications checks with off-site response organizations at intervals
not to exceed three months and biennial onsite exercises to test response
to simulated emergencies. Communications checks with off-site response
organizations shall include the check and update of all necessary
telephone numbers. The licensee shall invite off-site response organizations
to participate in the biennial exercises. Participation of off-site
response organizations in biennial exercises, although recommended,
is not required. Exercises shall use accident scenarios postulated
as most probable for the specific site and the scenarios shall not
be known to most exercise participants. The licensee shall critique
each exercise using individuals not having direct implementation responsibility
for the plan. Critiques of exercises shall evaluate the appropriateness
of the plan, emergency procedures, facilities, equipment, training
of personnel, and overall effectiveness of the response. Deficiencies
found by the critiques shall be corrected.
(13) Hazardous chemicals. A certification that the
applicant has met its responsibilities in accordance with the Emergency
Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986, Title III, Publication
L. 99-499, if applicable to the applicant's activities at the proposed
place of use of the radioactive material.
(d) The licensee shall allow the off-site response
organizations expected to respond in case of an accident 60 days to
comment on the licensee's emergency plan before submitting it to the
agency. The licensee shall provide any comments received within the
60 days to the agency with the emergency plan.
(e) The following indicates release fractions for radioactive