The following words and terms have the following meanings when
used in this chapter unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
(1) Alternative Referral Plan--A procedure that deviates
from the requirements of Texas Family Code §53.01(d) regarding
referral of cases to the prosecutor.
(2) Approved Personal Restraint Technique ("personal
restraint")--A professionally trained, curriculum-based, and competency-based
restraint technique that uses a person's physical exertion to completely
or partially constrain another person's body movement without the
use of mechanical restraints.
(3) Approved Mechanical Restraint Devices ("mechanical
restraint")--A professionally manufactured and commercially available
mechanical device designed to aid in the restriction of a person's
bodily movement. The only mechanical restraint devices approved for
use are the following:
(A) Ankle Cuffs--Metal band designed to be fastened
around the ankle to restrain free movement of the legs.
(B) Handcuffs--Metal devices designed to be fastened
around the wrist to restrain free movement of the hands and arms.
(C) Plastic Cuffs--Plastic devices designed to be fastened
around the wrists or legs to restrain free movement of hands, arms,
or legs. Plastic cuffs must be designed specifically for use in human
(D) Soft Restraints--Non-metallic wristlets and anklets
used as stand-alone restraint devices. These devices are designed
to reduce the incidence of skin, nerve, and muscle damage to the subject's
(E) Waist Belt--A cloth, leather, or metal band designed
to be fastened around the waist and used to secure the arms to the
sides or front of the body.
(4) Case Management System--A computer-based tracking
system that provides a systematic method to track and manage juvenile
(5) Chief Administrative Officer--Regardless of title,
the person hired by a juvenile board who is responsible for oversight
of the day-to-day operations of a juvenile probation department, including
the juvenile probation department of a multi-county judicial district.
(6) Comprehensive Folder Edit--A report generated in
the Caseworker or Juvenile Case Management System (JCMS) application
that performs an extensive edit of the case file information. This
report identifies incorrectly entered data and questionable data that
impact the accuracy of the reports and programs.
(7) Criminogenic Needs--Issues, risk factors, characteristics,
and/or problems that relate to a person's risk of reoffending.
(8) Data Coordinator--A person employed by a juvenile
probation department who is designated to serve and function as the
primary contact with TJJD on all matters relating to data collection
(9) Department--A juvenile probation department.
(10) Draw--To unholster a weapon in preparation for
use against a perceived threat.
(11) EDI Specifications--A document developed by TJJD
outlining the data fields and file structures that each juvenile probation
department is required to follow in submitting the TJJD EDI extract.
(12) Empty-Hand Defense--Defensive tactics through
the use of pressure points, releases from holds, and blocking and
striking techniques using natural body weapons such as an open hand,
fist, forearm, knee, or leg.
(13) Field Supervision--Supervision ordered by a juvenile
court in accordance with Texas Family Code §54.04(d)(1)(A) where
the child is placed on probation in the child's home or in the custody
of a relative or another fit person.
(14) Formal Referral--An event that occurs only when
all three of the following conditions exist:
(A) a juvenile has allegedly committed delinquent conduct,
conduct indicating a need for supervision, or a violation of probation;
(B) the juvenile probation department has jurisdiction
and venue; and
(C) the office or official designated by the juvenile
(i) made face-to-face contact with the juvenile and
the alleged offense has been presented as the reason for this contact;
(ii) given written or verbal authorization to detain
(15) Initial Disposition--The disposition of probation
issued by a juvenile court after a child is:
(A) formally referred to a juvenile probation department
for the first time; or
(B) formally referred to a juvenile probation department
after any and all previous periods of supervision by the department
(16) Inter-County Transfer--As described in Texas Family
Code §51.072, a transfer of supervision from one juvenile probation
department in Texas to another juvenile probation department in Texas
for a juvenile who moves or intends to move to another county and
intends to remain in that county for at least 60 days.
(17) Intermediate Weapons--Weapons designed to neutralize
or temporarily incapacitate an assailant, such as electronic restraint
devices, irritants, and impact weapons. This level of self-defense
employs the use of tools to neutralize aggressive behavior when deadly
force is not justified but when empty-hand defense is not sufficient.
(18) Intern--An individual who performs services for
a juvenile justice program or facility through a formal internship
program that is sponsored by a juvenile justice agency or is part
of an approved course of study through an accredited college or university.
(19) Juvenile--A person who is under the jurisdiction
of the juvenile court, confined in a juvenile justice facility, or
participating in a juvenile justice program.
(20) Juvenile Board--A governing board created under
Chapter 152 of the Texas Human Resources Code.
(21) Juvenile Justice Program--A program or department
(A) serves juveniles under juvenile court or juvenile
board jurisdiction; and
(B) is operated solely or partly by the governing board,
juvenile board, or by a private vendor under a contract with the governing
board or juvenile board. The term includes:
(i) juvenile justice alternative education programs;
(ii) non-residential programs that serve juvenile offenders
under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or the juvenile board;
(iii) juvenile probation departments.
(22) Professional--a person who meets the definition
of professional in §344.100 of this title.
(23) Resident--A juvenile or other individual who has
been lawfully admitted into a pre-adjudication secure juvenile detention
facility, post-adjudication secure juvenile correctional facility,
or a non-secure juvenile correctional facility.
(24) Residential Placement--Supervision ordered by
a juvenile court in which the child is placed on probation outside
the child's home in a foster home or a public or private institution
(25) Restraints--Personal or mechanical restraint.
(26) Responsivity Factors--Factors that are not necessarily
related to criminal activity but are relevant to the way in which
the juvenile reacts to different types of interventions (e.g., learning
styles and abilities, self-esteem, motivation for treatment, resistance
to change, etc.)
(27) SRSXEdit--An audit program developed by TJJD to
assist juvenile probation departments not using the Caseworker or
JCMS application with verifying their data prior to submission to
(28) Supervision--The case management of a juvenile
by the assigned juvenile probation officer or designee through contacts
(e.g., face-to-face, telephone, office, home, or collateral contacts)
with the juvenile, the juvenile's family, and/or other persons or
entities involved with the juvenile.
(29) TCOLE--Texas Commission on Law Enforcement.
(30) Title IV-E Approved Facility--A facility licensed
and/or approved by the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services
for Title IV-E participation.
(31) TJJD--Texas Juvenile Justice Department.
(32) TJJD Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Extract--An
automated process to extract and submit modified case records from
the department's case management system to TJJD. The extract must
be completed in accordance with this chapter.
(33) TJJD Mental Health Screening Instrument--An instrument
selected by TJJD to assist in identifying juveniles who may have mental
(34) Volunteer--An individual who performs services
for the juvenile probation department without compensation from the
department who has:
(A) any unsupervised contact with juveniles in a juvenile
justice program or facility; or
(B) regular or periodic supervised contact with juveniles
in a juvenile justice program or facility.