The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall
have the following meanings, unless otherwise expressly defined within
(1) Approved Personal Restraint Technique--A professionally
trained, curriculum-based, and competency-based restraint technique
that uses a person's physical exertion to completely or partially
constrain another person's body movement without the use of mechanical
(2) Approved Mechanical Restraint Devices--A professionally
manufactured and commercially available mechanical device designed
to aid in the restriction of a person's bodily movement. TJJD-approved
mechanical restraint devices are limited to the following:
(A) Ankle Cuffs--A metal band designed to be fastened
around the ankle to restrain free movement of the legs.
(B) Handcuffs--Metal devices designed to be fastened
around the wrist to restrain free movement of the hands and arms.
(C) Plastic Cuffs--Plastic devices designed to be fastened
around the wrists or legs to restrain free movement of hands, arms,
or legs. Plastic cuffs must be designed specifically for use in human
(D) Restraint Bed--A professionally manufactured and
commercially available bed or integrated bed attachments that are
specifically designed to facilitate safe human restraint.
(E) Restraint Chair--A professionally manufactured
and commercially available restraint apparatus specifically designed
for safe human restraint. The device restrains a subject in an upright,
sitting position by restricting the subject's extremities, upper leg
area, and torso with soft restraints. The apparatus may be fixed or
wheeled for relocation.
(F) Waist Belt--A cloth, leather, or metal band designed
to be fastened around the waist and used to secure the arms to the
sides or front of the body.
(G) Wristlets--A cloth or leather band designed to
be fastened around the wrist that may be secured to a waist belt or
used in a non-ambulatory mechanical restraint.
(3) Chemical Restraint--The application of a chemical
agent on one or more residents.
(4) Four-Point Restraint--The use of approved mechanical
restraint devices on each of a resident's wrists and ankles to secure
the resident in a supine position to a restraint bed.
(5) Mechanical Restraint--The application of an approved
mechanical restraint device.
(6) Non-Ambulatory Mechanical Restraint--A method of
prohibiting a resident's ability to stand upright and walk with the
use of a combination of approved mechanical restraint devices, cuffing
techniques, and the subject's body positioning. The four-point restraint
and restraint chair are examples of acceptable non-ambulatory mechanical
(7) Personal Restraint--The application of an approved
personal restraint technique.
(8) Physical Escort--Touching or holding a resident
with a minimum use of force for the purpose of directing the resident's
movement from one place to another. A physical escort is not considered
a personal restraint.
(9) Protective Devices--Professionally manufactured
devices used for the protection of residents or staff that do not
restrict the movement of a resident. Protective devices are not considered
mechanical restraint devices.
(10) Restraint--The application of an approved personal
restraint technique, an approved mechanical restraint device, or a
chemical agent to a resident so as to restrict the individual's freedom
(11) Riot--A situation in which three or more persons
in the facility intentionally participate in conduct that constitutes
a clear and present danger to persons or property and substantially
obstructs the performance of facility operations or a program therein.
Rebellion is a form of riot.
(12) Soft Restraints--Non-metallic wristlets and anklets
used as stand-alone restraint devices or in conjunction with a restraint
bed or restraint chair. These devices are designed to reduce the incidence
of skin, nerve, and muscle damage to the subject's extremities.