The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall
have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates
(1) Advertisement--Any placard, handbill, sign, newspaper
advertisement, radio or television advertisement, store marquee, window
or roadside sign, online or other related advertisements, or any other
method of calling the consumer's attention to eggs.
(2) Broker--A person who never assumes ownership or
possession of eggs, or changes the grade or pack of eggs, but is engaged
in the business of acting as an agent, for a fee or commission, in
the sale or transfer of eggs between producers or dealer-wholesalers
as sellers and dealer-wholesalers, processors or retailers as buyers.
(3) Case--A 30-dozen egg container as used in commercial
practice in the United States. The term "half-case" shall mean a container
of 15 dozen eggs.
(4) Code--The Texas Agriculture Code.
(5) Consumer--All persons purchasing eggs for consumption
and not resale.
(6) Dealer-wholesaler--A person engaged in the business
of buying from producers or other persons on the person's own account
and selling or transferring to other dealer-wholesalers, processors,
retailers, or other persons and consumers. A dealer-wholesaler further
means a person engaged in producing eggs from the person's own flock
and disposing of any portion of this production on a graded basis.
(7) Denatured Eggs--
(A) Eggs made unfit for human food by treatment or
the addition of a foreign substance; or
(B) Eggs with one-half or more of the shell's surface
covered by a permanent black, dark purple, or dark blue dye.
(8) Graded basis or fully graded basis--A grading operation
in which eggs of "B" quality or better are identified as to both size
and/or weight quality.
(9) Inedible eggs--Eggs of the following description:
leakers, black rots, white rots, mixed rots, addled eggs, incubated
eggs, eggs showing blood rings, eggs containing embryo chicks (at
or beyond the blood ring state), and any eggs unfit for human consumption
due to causes other than those listed in this section.
(10) Lot--Any given quantity of two or more eggs of
a named grade billed on an invoice.
(11) Processor (or Breaker)--A person who operates
a plant for the purpose of breaking eggs for freezing, drying, or
commercial food manufacturing.
(12) Producer--Any person who produces and disposes
of eggs from the output of the producer's personally owned flock,
(A) if a producer obtains eggs from any source other
than the producer's own flock and markets or disposes of those eggs
along with the producer's own production, the producer loses the identity
of a producer and all eggs handled or produced by that former producer
must comply with labeling and inspection provisions of Chapter 132
of the Code and this chapter.
(B) if a producer claims a grade designation on any
portion of the producer's production, the producer loses his identity
as a producer and that former producer's entire production must comply
with provisions of Chapter 132 of the Code and this chapter.
(13) Retail carton--Any container in which eggs for
human consumption are offered for sale within the channels of trade
or to the consumer in the State of Texas. A paper bag which has been
presacked with one or more eggs by the seller shall be construed as
a retail carton and must be stamped or marked with all the information
required on a retail carton.
(14) Retailer--A person selling or offering for sale
eggs directly to consumers in this state.
(15) Stock carton--A retail carton that does not bear
any commercially printed information required by §15.8(a) of
this chapter (relating to Labeling Requirements).
(16) Ungraded-- A classification of eggs which are
marketed by a producer as defined in this chapter and which have not
been handled, graded, or packed by a licensee.