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TITLE 40SOCIAL SERVICES AND ASSISTANCE
PART 1DEPARTMENT OF AGING AND DISABILITY SERVICES
CHAPTER 98DAY ACTIVITY AND HEALTH SERVICES REQUIREMENTS
SUBCHAPTER DLICENSURE AND PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
RULE §98.64Emergency Preparedness and Response

(a) Definitions. In this section:

  (1) "emergency situation" means an impending or actual situation that:

    (A) interferes with normal activities of a facility or its clients;

    (B) may:

      (i) cause injury or death to a client or staff member of the facility; or

      (ii) cause damage to facility property;

    (C) requires the facility to respond immediately to mitigate or avoid the injury, death, damage or interference; and

    (D) does not include a situation that arises from the medical condition of a client such as cardiac arrest, obstructed airway, cerebrovascular accident; and

  (2) "plan" refers to a facility's emergency preparedness and response plan.

(b) Administration. A facility must:

  (1) develop and implement a written plan as described in subsection (c) of this section;

  (2) maintain a written copy of the plan that is accessible to all staff at all times;

  (3) evaluate and revise the plan as necessary:

    (A) within 30 days after an emergency situation;

    (B) as soon as possible after the remodeling or construction of an addition to the facility; and

    (C) at least annually; and

  (4) revise the plan within 30 days after information included in the plan changes.

(c) Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan. A facility's plan must:

  (1) include a risk assessment of all potential internal and external emergency situations relevant to the facility operations and geographical area, such as a fire, failure of heating and cooling systems, a power outage, an explosion, a hurricane, a tornado, a flood, extreme snow and ice for the area, a wildfire, terrorism, or a hazardous materials accident;

  (2) include a description of the facility's client population;

  (3) include a description of the services and assistance needed by the clients in an emergency situation;

  (4) include a section for each core function of emergency management, as described in subsection (d) of this section, that is based on a facility's decision to either shelter-in-place or evacuate during an emergency; and

  (5) include a fire safety plan that complies with subsection (f) of this section.

(d) Plan Requirements Regarding Eight Core Functions of Emergency Management.

  (1) Direction and control. A facility's plan must contain a section for direction and control that:

    (A) designates by name or title the emergency preparedness coordinator (EPC) who is the facility staff person with the authority to manage the facility's response to an emergency situation in accordance with the plan;

    (B) designates by name or title the alternate EPC who is the facility staff person with the authority to act as the EPC if the EPC is unable to serve in that capacity;

    (C) documents the name and contact information for the local emergency management coordinator (EMC) for the area where the facility is located, as identified by the office of the local mayor or county judge; and

    (D) documents coordination with the local EMC as required by the local EMC's guidelines relating to emergency situations.

  (2) Warning. A facility's plan must contain a section for warning that:

    (A) describes how the EPC will be notified of an emergency situation;

    (B) identifies who the EPC will notify of an emergency situation and when the notification will occur; and

    (C) ensures monitoring of local news and weather reports.

  (3) Communication. A facility's plan must contain a section for communication that:

    (A) identifies the facility's primary mode of communication and alternate mode of communication to be used in the event of power failure or the loss of the facility's primary mode of communication in an emergency situation;

    (B) includes procedures for maintaining a current list of telephone numbers for clients and responsible parties;

    (C) includes procedures for maintaining a current list of telephone numbers for the facility's staff that also identifies the facility's EPC;

    (D) identifies the location of the lists described in paragraphs (B) and (C) of this subsection where facility staff can obtain the list quickly;

    (E) includes procedures to notify:

      (i) facility staff about an emergency situation;

      (ii) a receiving facility about an impending or actual evacuation of clients; and

      (iii) clients, legally authorized representatives and other persons about an emergency situation;

    (F) describes how the facility will provide, during an emergency situation, general information to the public, such as the change in the facility's location and hours, or that the facility is closed due to the emergency situation;

    (G) includes procedures for the facility to maintain communication with:

      (i) facility staff during an emergency situation;

      (ii) a receiving facility if applicable; and

      (iii) facility staff who will transport clients to a secure location during an evacuation in a facility vehicle;

    (H) includes procedures for reporting to DADS an emergency situation that caused the death or serious injury of a client as follows:

      (i) by telephone, at 1-800-458-9858, within 24 hours after the death or serious injury; and

      (ii) in writing, on the DADS form titled "DADS Provider Investigation Report," within 5 working days after the facility makes the telephone report required by clause (i) of this subparagraph.

  (4) Sheltering-in-place. A facility's plan must contain a section that includes procedures to shelter clients in place during an emergency situation.

  (5) Evacuation. A facility's plan must contain a section for evacuation that:

    (A) requires posting building evacuation routes prominently throughout the facility, except in small, one-story buildings where all exits are obvious;

    (B) includes procedures for evacuating clients to a pre-arranged location in an emergency situation, if applicable;

    (C) includes a mutual aid agreement with a receiving facility which must specify the arrangements for receiving clients in the event of an evacuation;

    (D) identifies primary and alternate evacuation destinations and routes, and includes a map that shows the destination and routes;

    (E) includes procedures for:

      (i) ensuring facility staff accompany evacuating clients;

      (ii) ensuring that all persons present in the building have been evacuated;

      (iii) accounting for clients and staff after they have been evacuated;

      (iv) accounting for clients who are absent from the facility at the time of the evacuation;

      (v) contacting the local EMC, if required by the local EMC guidelines, to find out if it is safe to return to the geographical area; and

      (vi) determining if it is safe to re-enter and occupy the building after an evacuation;

    (F) includes procedures for notifying the local EMC regarding an evacuation of the facility, if required by the local EMC guidelines;

    (G) includes procedures for notifying DADS by telephone, at 1-800-458-9858, within 24 hours after an evacuation that clients have been evacuated;

    (H) includes procedures for notifying DADS Regulatory Services regional office for the area in which the facility is located, by telephone, as soon as safely possible after a decision to evacuate is made; and

    (I) includes procedures for notifying DADS regional office for the area in which the facility is located, by telephone, that clients have returned to the facility after an evacuation, within 48 hours after their return.

  (6) Transportation. A facility's plan must contain a section for transportation that:

    (A) provides for a sufficient number of vehicles that are safe and suitable for any special needs of the clients or requires that the facility maintain a contract for transporting clients during an evacuation;

    (B) identifies facility staff authorized to drive a vehicle during an evacuation;

    (C) establishes alternate transportation arrangements if the vehicles or contracted transportation described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph are not available;

    (D) includes procedures for safely transporting oxygen tanks currently being used by clients and any extra oxygen tanks that may be needed during an evacuation; and

    (E) includes procedures that will ensure:

      (i) safe transport of records, food, water, equipment, and supplies needed during an evacuation; and

      (ii) that the records, food, water, equipment, and supplies, described in clause (i) of this subparagraph, arrive at the receiving facility at the same time as the clients.

  (7) Health and Medical Needs. A facility's plan must contain a section for client health and special needs that:

    (A) identifies all of the facility's special needs clients including clients with conditions requiring assistance during an evacuation; and

    (B) ensures the needs of those clients are met during an emergency.

  (8) Resource Management. A facility's plan must contain a section for resource management that:

    (A) includes procedures for accessing medications, records, food, water, equipment and supplies needed during an emergency;

    (B) identifies facility staff who are assigned to locate and ensure the transportation of items described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph during an emergency situation; and

    (C) includes procedures to ensure medications are secure and stored at the proper temperatures during an emergency situation.

(e) Training. A facility must:

  (1) train all staff on their responsibilities under the plan when hired in accordance with §98.62(e) of this chapter (relating to Program Requirements);

  (2) retrain staff at least annually on the staff member's responsibilities under the plan and when the staff member's responsibilities under the plan change; and

  (3) conduct unannounced drills with facility staff for severe weather and other emergency situations identified by the facility as likely to occur, based on the results of the risk assessment required by subsection (c)(1) of this section.

(f) Fire Safety Plan. A facility's fire safety plan must:

  (1) include the provisions described in the Operating Features section of the NFPA 101 Life Safety Code, 2000 Edition, Chapter 16 (for new day-care occupancies) and Chapter 17 (for existing day-care occupancies) concerning:

    (A) use of alarms;

    (B) transmission of alarm to fire department;

    (C) response to alarms;

    (D) isolation of fire;

    (E) evacuation of immediate area;

    (F) evacuation of smoke compartment;

    (G) preparation of floors and building for evacuation; and

    (H) fire extinguishment;

  (2) include procedures to contact DADS by telephone, at 1-800-458-9858, within 24-hours after a fire in accordance with §98.42 of this chapter (relating to Safety); and

  (3) include procedures to submit to DADS, within 15 days after the fire, the form entitled "Fire Report for Long Term Care Facilities";

  (4) include in the fire safety plan the provisions described in the Operating Features section of the NFPA 101 Life Safety Code, 2000 Edition, Chapter 16 (for new day-care occupancies) and Chapter 17 (for existing day-care occupancies) concerning drills and inspections, except as superseded by this section; and

  (5) establish procedures to:

    (A) perform a monthly fire drill with all occupants of the building at expected and unexpected times and under varying conditions;

    (B) relocate, during the monthly fire drill, all occupants of the building to a predetermined location where participants must remain until a recall or dismissal signal is given;

    (C) complete the DADS Fire Drill Report Form for each required fire drill;

    (D) conduct a monthly fire prevention inspection performed by a trained and senior member of the facility and prepare a report of the inspection results;

    (E) maintain copies of the fire prevention inspection report, described in subparagraph (D) of this paragraph, that were prepared by the facility within the last 12 months; and

    (F) post a copy of the most recent fire prevention inspection report, described in subparagraph (D) of this paragraph, in a conspicuous place in the facility.


Source Note: The provisions of this §98.64 adopted to be effective August 1, 2011, 36 TexReg 4677

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