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RULE §31.3Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

  (1) Accountable executive--A single, identifiable individual who has:

    (A) ultimate responsibility for carrying out the public transportation agency safety plan of a public transportation agency;

    (B) responsibility for carrying out the agency's transit asset management plan; and

    (C) control or direction over the human and capital resources needed to develop and maintain both the agency's public transportation agency safety plan, in accordance with 49 U.S.C. §5329(d), and the agency's transit asset management plan in accordance with 49 U.S.C. §5326.

  (2) Administrative expenses--Include, but are not limited to, general administrative expenses such as salaries of the project director, secretary, and bookkeeper; insurance premiums or payments to a self-insurance reserve; office supplies; facilities and equipment rental; and standard overhead rates.

  (3) Allocation--A preliminary distribution of grant funds representing the maximum amount to be made available to an entity during the fiscal year, subject to the entity's completion of and compliance with all application requirements, rules, and regulations applicable to the specific funding program.

  (4) Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)--The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. §12101 et seq.), which provides a comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The ADA provides specific requirements related to public transportation.

  (5) Asset management plan--The transit asset management plan prepared in accordance with 49 U.S.C. §5326 and certified by the department. The plan includes at a minimum, capital asset inventories and condition assessments, decision support tools, and investment prioritization.

  (6) Authority--A metropolitan transit or regional transportation authority created under Transportation Code, Chapter 451 or 452; a city transit department created under Transportation Code, Chapter 453, by a municipality having a population of not less than 200,000 at the time of its creation; or a coordinated county authority created under Transportation Code, Chapter 460.

  (7) Average revenue vehicle capacity--The number of seats in all revenue vehicles divided by the number of revenue vehicles.

  (8) Capital expenses--Include the acquisition, construction, and improvement of public transit facilities and equipment needed for a safe, efficient, and coordinated public transportation system.

  (9) Chief safety officer--An adequately trained individual who has responsibility for safety and reports directly to a small public transportation provider agency's chief executive officer, general manager, president, or equivalent officer. A chief safety officer may not serve in other operational or maintenance capacities, unless the chief safety officer is employed by a transit agency that is a small public transportation provider or a public transportation provider that does not operate a rail fixed guideway public transportation system.

  (10) Clean Air Act--The federal Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. §7401 et seq.), which seeks to protect and enhance the quality of the nation's air resources by promoting and financing reasonable federal, state, and local governmental actions for pollution prevention.

  (11) Commission--The Texas Transportation Commission.

  (12) Contractor--A recipient of public transportation funds through a contract or grant agreement with the department.

  (13) Department--The Texas Department of Transportation.

  (14) Designated recipient--The state, an authority, a municipality that is not included in an authority, a local governmental body, another political subdivision, or a nonprofit entity providing rural public transportation services, that receives federal or state public transportation money through the department or the Federal Transit Administration, or its successor.

  (15) Director--The director of public transportation for the department.

  (16) Disability--Disability as defined in the ADA (42 U.S.C. §12102), which includes a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of an individual.

  (17) District--One of the 25 districts of the department for a designated geographic area.

  (18) Employment-related transportation--Transportation to support services that assist individuals in job search or job preparation. Trips to daycare centers, one-stop workforce centers, jobs interviews, and vocational training are examples.

  (19) Equipment--Tangible, nonexpendable, personal property having a useful life of more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit.

  (20) Equivalent authority--An entity that carries out duties similar to that of a board of directors, for a recipient or subrecipient of FTA funds under 49 U.S.C. Chapter 53, including sufficient authority to review and approve a recipient or subrecipient's public transportation agency safety plan.

  (21) Executive director--The executive director of the department.

  (22) Fare box revenues--Fares paid by riders, including those who are later reimbursed by a human service agency or other user-side subsidy arrangement. This definition includes subscription service fees, whether or not collected on-board a transit vehicle. Payments made directly to the transportation system by a human service agency are not considered to be fare box revenues.

  (23) Federal Transit Administration (FTA)--The Federal Transit Administration of the United States Department of Transportation.

  (24) Federally funded project--A public transportation project that is being funded in part under the provisions of the Federal Transit Act, as amended, 49 U.S.C. §5301 et seq., the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1973, as amended, 23 U.S.C. §101 et seq., or any other federal program for funding public transportation.

  (25) Fiscal year--The state accounting period of 12 months that begins on September 1 of each calendar year and ends on August 31 of the following calendar year.

  (26) Good standing--A status indicating that the department's director of public transportation has not sent a letter to an entity signifying the entity is in noncompliance with any aspect of a program.

  (27) Incident--An intentional or unintentional act that occurs on or in association with transit-controlled property and that threatens or affects the safety or security of an individual or property.

  (28) Large urban transit district--A local governmental entity or a political subdivision of the state that provides and coordinates public transportation within an urbanized area with a population greater than or equal to 200,000 in accordance with Transportation Code, Chapter 458. This definition includes urban transportation providers under Transportation Code, Chapter 456, that received state money through the department on September 1, 1994. This definition excludes authorities.

  (29) Like-kind exchange--The trade-in or sale of a transit vehicle before the end of its useful life to acquire a replacement vehicle of like kind.

  (30) Local funds--Directly generated funds, as defined in the latest edition of the Federal Transit Administration National Transit Database Reporting Manual. Examples include, but are not limited to, passenger fares, special transit fares, purchased transportation fares, park and ride revenue, other transportation revenue, charter service revenue, freight tariffs, station and vehicle concessions, advertising revenue, funds dedicated to transit at their source, taxes, cash contributions, contract revenue, general revenue, and in-kind contributions.

  (31) Local governmental entity--Any local unit of government including a city, town, village, municipality, county, city transit department, or authority.

  (32) Local public entity--Includes a city, county, or other political subdivision of the state, a public agency, or an instrumentality of one or more states, municipalities, or political subdivisions of states.

  (33) Local share requirement--The amount of funds required and eligible to match federally funded projects for the improvement of public transportation.

  (34) Low-income individual--An individual whose family income is at or below 150 percent of the poverty line, as that term is defined in the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. §9902(2)), including any revision required by that section, for a family of the size involved, or as otherwise defined by 49 U.S.C. §5302 or 49 U.S.C. §5316, the Job Access and Reverse Commute program as established under the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users.

  (35) Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO)--The organization designated or redesignated by the governor under 23 U.S.C. §134 as the responsible entity for transportation planning in urbanized areas over 50,000 in population.

  (36) Mobility management--Eligible capital expenses consisting of short-range planning and management activities and projects for improving coordination among public transportation and other transportation-service providers carried out by a recipient or subrecipient through an agreement entered into with a person, including a government entity, under 49 U.S.C. §5301 et seq. (other than §5309 and §5339). Mobility management excludes operating public transportation services and excludes equipment, tires, tubes, material, and reconstruction of equipment and material described as associated capital maintenance in the definition of "capital project" under 49 U.S.C. §5302.

  (37) Net operating expenses--Those expenses that remain after fare box revenues are subtracted from eligible operating expenses.

  (38) New public transportation services or alternatives--An activity that, with respect to the New Freedom program:

    (A) is targeted toward people with disabilities;

    (B) is beyond the ADA requirements;

    (C) meets the intent of the program by removing barriers to transportation and assisting persons with disabilities with transportation, including transportation to and from jobs and employment services; and

    (D) is not included in a Transportation Improvement Program or Statewide Transportation Improvement Program prior to August 10, 2005.

  (39) Nonprofit organization--A corporation or association determined by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States to be an organization described by 26 U.S.C. §501(c), one that is exempt from taxation under 26 U.S.C. §504(a) or §101, or one that has been determined under state law to be nonprofit and for which the state has received documentation certifying the status of the organization.

  (40) Nonurbanized area--An area outside an urbanized area.

  (41) Obligated funds--Monies made available under a valid, unexpired contract or grant agreement between the department and a public transportation subrecipient.

  (42) Private--Pertaining to nonpublic entities. This definition does not include municipalities or other political subdivisions of the state; public agencies or instrumentalities of one or more states; Native American tribes (except private nonprofit corporations formed by Native American tribes); public corporations, boards, or commissions established under the law of any state; or entities subject to control by public authority, whether state or municipal.

  (43) Project--The public transportation activities to be carried out by a subrecipient, as described in its application for funding.

  (44) Public transportation--Shared-ride transportation of passengers and their hand-carried packages or baggage on a regular or continuing basis by means of surface or water conveyance by a governmental entity or by a private entity if the private entity receives financial assistance for that conveyance from any governmental entity. This definition includes fixed guideway transportation and underground transportation. This definition excludes services provided by aircraft, ambulances, emergency vehicles, intercity passenger rail transportation, charter bus service, school bus service, sightseeing service, courtesy shuttle service for patrons of one or more specific establishments, or intra-terminal and intra-facility shuttle services.

  (45) Public transportation agency safety plan--The documented comprehensive agency safety plan for a transit provider that is required by 49 U.S.C. §5329.

  (46) Real property--Land, including improvements, structures, and appurtenances, but excluding movable machinery and equipment.

  (47) Revenue service--Passenger transportation occurring when a vehicle is available to the general public and there is a reasonable expectation of carrying passengers that directly pay fares, are subsidized by public policy, or provide payment through some contractual agreement. This does not imply that a cash fare must be paid. Vehicles operated in free fare services are considered in revenue service.

  (48) Revenue vehicle--The rolling stock used in providing transit service for passengers. This definition does not include a vehicle used in connection with keeping revenue vehicles in operation, such as a tow truck or a staff car.


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