|(a) Definitions. For the purposes of this section: (1) The term net lease means a lease under which the credit union will not, directly or indirectly, provide or be obligated to provide for: (A) the servicing, repair or maintenance of leased property during the lease term; (B) the purchasing of parts and accessories for the leased property, except that improvements and additions to the leased property may be leased to the lessee upon its request in accordance with the full-payout requirements of subsection (c)(2)(A) of this section; (C) the loan of replacement or substitute property while the leased property is being serviced; (D) the purchasing of insurance for the lessee, except where the lessee has failed to discharge a contractual obligation to purchase or maintain insurance; or (E) the renewal of any license, registration, or filing for the property unless such action by the credit union is necessary to protect its interest as an owner or financier of the property. (2) The term full-payout lease means a lease transaction in which any unguaranteed portion of the estimated residual value relied on by the credit union to yield the return of its full investment in the lease property, plus the estimated cost of financing the property over the term of the lease, does not exceed 25% of the original cost of the property to the lessor. In general, a lease will qualify as a full payout lease if the scheduled payments provide at least 75% of the principal and interest payments that a lessor would receive if the finance lease were structured as a market-rate loan. (3) The term realization of investment means that a credit union that enters into a lease financing transaction must reasonably expect to realize the return of its full investment in the leased property, plus the estimated cost of financing the property over the term of the lease from: (A) Rentals; and (B) The estimated residual value of the property at the expiration of the term of the lease. (b) Permissible Activities. Subject to the limitations of this section, a credit union may engage in leasing activities. These activities include becoming the legal or beneficial owner of tangible personal property or real property for the purpose of leasing such property, obtaining an assignment of a lessor's interest in a lease of such property, and incurring obligations incidental to its position as the legal or beneficial owner and lessor of the leased property. (c) Finance Leasing. (1) A credit union may conduct leasing activities that are functional equivalent of loans made under those leases. Such financing leases are subject to the same restrictions that would be applicable to a loan. (2) To qualify as the functional equivalent of a loan: (A) The lease must be a net, full-payout lease representing a non-cancelable obligation of the lessee, notwithstanding the possible early termination of the lease; (B) The portion of the estimated residual value of the property relied upon by the lessor to satisfy the requirements of a full-payout lease must be reasonable in light of the nature of the leased property and all relevant circumstances so that realization of the lessor's full investment plus the cost of financing the property depends primarily on the creditworthiness of the lessee, and not on the residual market value of the leased property; and (C) At the termination of the financing lease, either by expiration or default, property acquired must be liquidated or released on a net basis as soon as practicable. Any property held in anticipation of releasing must be reevaluated and recorded at the lower of fair market value or the value carried on the credit union's books. (d) General Leasing. A credit union may invest in tangible personal property, including vehicles, manufactured homes, equipment, or furniture, for the purpose of leasing that property. In contrast to financing leases, lease investments made under this authority need not be the functional equivalent of loans. (e) Leasing Salvage Powers. If a credit union believes that there has been an unanticipated change in conditions that threatens its financial position by significantly increasing its exposure to loss, it may: (1) As the owner and lessor, take reasonable and appropriate action to salvage or protect the value of the property or its interest arising under the lease; (2) As the assignee of a lessor's interest in a lease, become the owner and lessor of the leased property pursuant to its contractual right, or take any reasonable and appropriate action to salvage or protect the value of the property or its interest arising under the lease; or (3) Include any provision in a lease, or make any additional agreements, to protect its financial position or investment in the circumstances set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection. (f) Written Policies. A credit union engaged in lease underwriting must adopt written policies and develop procedures that reflect lease practices that control risk and comply with applicable laws. Any leasing activity must be consistent with the lending policies and underwriting requirements in §91.701 of this title (relating to Lending Powers). Any credit union engaged in making or buying leases also must adopt written polices and procedures that address the additional risks associated with leasing. (g) Insurance Requirements. A credit union must maintain a contingent liability insurance policy with an endorsement for leasing or be named as the co-insured if the credit union does not own the leased property. Contingent liability insurance protects the credit union if it is sued as the owner of the leased property. A credit union must use an insurance company with a nationally recognized industry rating of at least a B+. Credit union members must still carry the normal liability and property insurance on the leased property and the credit union must be named as an additional insured on the liability insurance policy and as the loss payee on the property insurance policy. (h) Holding Period. At the expiration of the lease (including any renewals or extensions with the same lessee), or in the event of a default on a lease agreement prior to the expiration of the lease term, a credit union shall either liquidate the off-lease property or re-lease it under a conforming lease as soon as practicable. The credit union must value off-lease property at the lower of current fair market value or book value promptly after the property becomes off-lease property.