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TITLE 7BANKING AND SECURITIES
PART 6CREDIT UNION DEPARTMENT
CHAPTER 91CHARTERING, OPERATIONS, MERGERS, LIQUIDATIONS
SUBCHAPTER HINVESTMENTS
RULE §91.802Other Investments

(a) Definitions. Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, these words and terms, when used in this section, shall have the following meanings. Any technical words, terms, or phrases that are not specifically defined in this section shall be construed in a manner consistent with the Texas Code of Construction Act (Tex. Govt. Code §311.001).

  (1) Asset-backed security--A bond, note, or other obligation issued by a financial institution, trust, insurance company, or other corporation secured by either a pool of loans, extensions of credit which are unsecured or secured by personal property, or a pool of personal property leases.

  (2) Bailment for hire contract--A contract whereby a third party, bank, or other financial institution, for a fee, agrees to exercise ordinary care in protecting the securities held in safekeeping for its customers; also known as a custodial agreement.

  (3) Bankers' acceptance--A time draft that is drawn on and accepted by a bank, and that represents an irrevocable obligation of the bank.

  (4) Borrowing repurchase transaction--A transaction whereby a credit union either:

    (A) agrees to sell a security to a counterparty and to repurchase the same or any identical security from that counterparty at a future date and at a specified price; or

    (B) borrows funds from a counterparty and collateralizes the loan with securities owned by the credit union.

  (5) Cash forward agreement--An agreement to purchase or sell a security with delivery and acceptance being mandatory and at a future date in excess of 30 days from the trade date.

  (6) Counterparty--An entity with which a credit union conducts investment-related activities in such a manner as to create a credit risk exposure for the credit union to the entity.

  (7) Eurodollar deposit--A deposit denominated in U. S. dollars in a foreign branch of a United States financial institution.

  (8) Federal funds transaction--A short-term or open-ended transfer of funds to a financial institution.

  (9) Financial institution--A bank or savings association, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, a federal or state-chartered credit union, or the National Credit Union Central Liquidity Facility.

  (10) Investment--Any security, obligation, account, deposit, or other item authorized for investment by the Act or this section. For the purposes of this section, the term does not include an investment authorized by §124.351(a)(1) of the Texas Finance Code.

  (11) Investment repurchase transaction--A transaction in which a credit union agrees to purchase a security from a counterparty and to resell the same or any identical security to that counterparty at a later date and at a specified price.

  (12) Mortgage related security--A security which meets the definition of mortgage related security in United States Code Annotated, Title 15, §78c(a)(41).

  (13) Nationally recognized statistical rating organization (NRSRO)--A rating organization such as Standard and Poor's, Moody's, or Fitch which is recognized by the Securities and Exchange Commission

  (14) Ordinary care--The degree of care, which an ordinarily prudent and competent person engaged in the same line of business or endeavor should exercise under similar circumstances.

  (15) Security--An investment that has a CUSIP number or that is represented by a share, participation, or other interest in property or in an enterprise of the issuer or an obligation of the issuer that:

    (A) either is represented by an instrument issued in bearer or registered form or, if not represented by an instrument, is registered in books maintained to record transfers by or on behalf of the issuer;

    (B) is of a type commonly traded on securities exchanges or markets or, when represented by an instrument, is commonly recognized in any area in which it is issued or traded as a medium for investment; and

    (C) either is one of a class or series or by its terms is divisible into a class or series of shares, participations, interests, or obligations.

  (16) Settlement date--The date originally agreed to by a credit union and a vendor for settlement of the purchase or sale of a security.

  (17) Small business-related securities--Is a security as defined in Section 3(a)(53) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(53). This definition does not include Small Business Administration securities permissible under section 107(7) of the Federal Credit Union Act.

  (18) Trade date--The date a credit union originally agrees, whether orally or in writing, to enter into the purchase or sale of a security.

  (19) Yankee dollar deposit--A deposit in a United States branch of a foreign bank, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, that is licensed to do business in the state in which it is located, or a deposit in a state chartered, foreign controlled bank.

(b) Policy. A credit union may invest funds not used in loans to members, subject to the conditions and limitations of the written investment policy of the board of directors. The investment policy may be part of a broader, asset-liability management policy. The board of directors must review and approve the investment policy at least annually to ensure that the policies adequately address the following issues:

  (1) The types of investments that are authorized to be purchased.

  (2) The aggregate limit on the amount that may be invested in any single investment or investment type, set as a percentage of net worth. This requirement does not apply to certificates of deposit or other accounts issued by a financial institution that are fully insured (including accumulated interest) by either the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the National Credit Union Administration.

  (3) The delegation of investment authority to the credit union's officials or employees, including the person or persons authorized to purchase or sell investments, and a limit of the investment authority for each individual or committee.

  (4) The authorized broker-dealers or other third-parties that may be used to purchase or sell investments, and the internal process for assessing the credentials and previous record of the individual or firm.

  (5) The risk management framework given the level of risk in the investment portfolio. This will include specific methods for evaluating, monitoring, and managing the credit risk, interest-rate risk, and liquidity risk from the investment activities.

  (6) The authorized third-party safekeeping agents.

  (7) If the credit union operates a trading account, the policy shall specify the persons authorized to engage in trading account activities, trading account size limits, stop loss and sale provisions, time limits on inventoried trading account investments, and internal controls that specify the segregation of risk-taking and monitoring activities related to trading account activities.

  (8) The procedure for reporting to the board of directors investments and investment activities that become noncompliant with the credit union's investment policy subsequent to the initial purchase.

(c) Authorized activities.

  (1) General authority. A credit union may contract for the purchase or sale of a security provided that delivery of the security is by regular-way settlement. Regular-way settlement means delivery of a security from a seller to a buyer within the time frame that the securities industry has established for that type of security. All purchases and sales of investments must be delivery versus payment (i.e., payment for an investment must occur simultaneously with its delivery).

  (2) Cash forward agreements. A credit union may enter into a cash forward agreement to purchase or sell a security, provided that:

    (A) the period from the trade date to the settlement date does not exceed 90 days;

    (B) if the credit union is the purchaser, it has written cash flow projections evidencing its ability to purchase the security;

    (C) if the credit union is the seller, it owns the security on the trade date; and

    (D) the cash forward agreement is settled on a cash basis at the settlement date.

  (3) Investment repurchase transactions. A credit union may enter an investment repurchase transaction provided:

    (A) the purchase price of the security obtained in the transaction is at or below the market price;

    (B) the repurchase securities are authorized investments under Texas Finance Code §124.351 or this section;

    (C) the credit union has entered into signed contracts with all approved counterparties;

    (D) the counterparty is rated in one of the three highest long-term or counterparty rating categories by a NRSRO; and

    (E) the credit union receives a daily assessment of the market value of the repurchase securities, including accrued interest, and maintains adequate margin that reflects a risk assessment of the repurchase securities and the term of the transaction.

  (4) Borrowing repurchase transactions. A credit union may enter into a borrowing repurchase transaction, which is a borrowing transaction subject to §123.201 of the Texas Finance Code, provided:

    (A) any investments purchased by the credit union with either borrowed funds or cash obtained by the credit union in the transaction are authorized investments under Texas Finance Code §124.351 and this section;

    (B) the credit union has entered into signed contracts with all approved counterparties; and

    (C) investments referred to in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph mature no later than the maturity date of the borrowing repurchase transaction; and

    (D) the counterparty is rated in one of the three highest long-term or counterparty rating categories by a NRSRO.

  (5) Federal funds. A credit union may enter into a federal funds transaction with a financial institution, provided that the interest or other consideration received from the financial institution is at the market rate for federal funds transactions and that the transaction has a maturity of one or more business days or the credit union is able to require repayment at any time.

  (6) Yankee dollars. A credit union may invest in yankee dollar deposits.

  (7) Eurodollars. A credit union may invest in eurodollar deposits.

  (8) Bankers' acceptance. A credit union may invest in bankers' acceptances.

  (9) Open-end Investment Companies (Mutual Funds). A credit union may invest funds in an open-end investment company established for investing directly or collectively in any investment or investment activity that is authorized under Texas Finance Code §124.351 and this section, including qualified money market mutual funds as defined by Securities and Exchange Commission regulations.

  (10) U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises. A credit union may invest in obligations of U.S. Government sponsored enterprises such as, for example: the Federal Home Loan Bank System, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal National Mortgage Association, and the Federal Farm Credit Bank.

  (11) Commercial paper. A credit union may invest in commercial paper issued by a corporation domiciled within the United States and having a short-term or commercial paper rating of no less than A1 or P1 by Standard & Poor's or Moody's, respectively, or an equivalent rating by a NRSRO.

  (12) Corporate bonds. A credit union may invest in corporate bonds issued by a corporation domiciled in the United States. The bonds must be rated by a NRSRO in one of the two highest long-term rating categories and have remaining maturities of seven years or less.

  (13) Municipal bonds. A credit union may invest in municipal bonds rated by a NRSRO in one of the two highest long-term rating categories with remaining maturities of seven years or less.

  (14) Mortgage-related securities. With the exception of the residual interest of the mortgage-related security, a credit union may invest in mortgage-related securities backed by mortgages secured by real estate upon which is located a residential dwelling, a mixed residential and commercial structure, or a residential manufactured home. The security must be rated by a NRSRO in one of the two highest long-term rating categories.

  (15) Asset-backed securities. Provided the underlying collateral is domestic- and consumer-based, a credit union may invest in asset-backed securities which are rated by a NRSRO in one of the two highest long-term rating categories.

  (16) Small business-related securities. A credit union may invest in small business-related securities that represent an interest in one or more promissory notes or leases of personal property evidencing the obligation of a domestic small business concern and originated by a financial institution, insurance company, or similar institution which is regulated and supervised by a Federal or State authority. The securities must be rated by a NRSRO in one of the two highest long-term rating categories and have remaining maturities of seven years or less.

Cont'd...

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