|(a) Supervision in General. The following rules apply
to all supervisory relationships.
(1) A licensee is responsible for the supervision of
all individuals that the licensee employs or utilizes to provide psychological
services of any kind.
(2) Licensees ensure that their supervisees have legal
authority to provide psychological services.
(3) Licensees delegate only those responsibilities
that supervisees may legally and competently perform.
(4) All individuals who receive psychological services
requiring informed consent from an individual under supervision must
be informed in writing of the supervisory status of the individual
and how the patient or client may contact the supervising licensee
(5) All materials relating to the practice of psychology,
upon which the supervisee's name or signature appears, must indicate
the supervisory status of the supervisee. Supervisory status must
be indicated by one of the following:
(A) Supervised by (name of supervising licensee);
(B) Under the supervision of (name of supervising licensee);
(C) The following persons are under the supervision
of (name of supervising licensee); or
(D) Supervisee of (name of supervising licensee).
(6) Licensees provide an adequate level of supervision
to all individuals under their supervision according to accepted professional
standards given the experience, skill and training of the supervisee,
the availability of other qualified licensees for consultation, and
the type of psychological services being provided.
(7) Licensees utilize methods of supervision that enable
the licensee to monitor all delegated services for legal, competent,
and ethical performance. Methods of supervision may include remote
or electronic means if:
(A) adequate supervision can be provided through remote
or electronic means;
(B) the difficulties in providing full-time in-person
supervision place an unreasonable burden on the delivery of psychological
(C) no more than fifty percent of the supervision takes
place through remote or electronic means.
(8) Licensees must be competent to perform any psychological
services being provided under their supervision.
(9) Licensees shall document their supervision activities
in writing, including any remote or electronic supervision provided.
Documentation shall include the dates, times, and length of supervision.
(10) Licensees may only supervise the number of supervisees
for which they can provide adequate supervision.
(b) Supervision of Students, Interns, Residents, Fellows,
and Trainees. The following rules apply to all supervisory relationships
involving students, interns, residents, fellows, and trainees.
(1) Unlicensed individuals providing psychological
services pursuant to §§501.004(a)(2), 501.252(b)(2), or
501.260(b)(3) of the Act must be under the supervision of a qualified
supervising licensee at all times.
(2) Supervision must be provided by a qualified supervising
licensee before it will be accepted for licensure purposes.
(3) A licensee practicing under a restricted status
license is not qualified to, and shall not provide supervision for
a person seeking to fulfill internship or practicum requirements,
or a person seeking licensure under the Psychologists' Licensing Act,
regardless of the setting in which the supervision takes place, unless
authorized to do so by the Board. A licensee shall inform all supervisees
of any Board order restricting their license and assist the supervisees
with finding appropriate alternate supervision.
(4) A supervisor must document in writing their supervisee's
performance during a practicum, internship, or period of supervised
experience required for licensure. The supervisor must provide this
documentation to the supervisee.
(5) An individual subject to this subsection may allow
a supervisee, as part of a required practicum, internship, or period
of supervised experience required for licensure with this Board, to
supervise others in the delivery of psychological services.
(6) For provisional trainees, a supervisor must provide
at least one hour of individual supervision per week and may reduce
the amount of weekly supervision on a proportional basis for provisional
trainees working less than full-time.
(7) Licensees may not supervise an individual to whom
they are related within the second degree of affinity or consanguinity.
(c) Supervision of Provisionally Licensed Psychologists
and Licensed Psychological Associates. The following rules apply to
all supervisory relationships involving Provisionally Licensed Psychologists
and Licensed Psychological Associates.
(1) Provisionally Licensed Psychologists must be under
the supervision of a Licensed Psychologist and may not engage in independent
(2) A Provisionally Licensed Psychologist who is licensed
in another state to independently practice psychology and is in good
standing in that state, and who has applied for licensure as a psychologist
may during the time that the Board is processing the applicant's application
for licensure as a psychologist, practice psychology without supervision.
However, upon notification from the Board that an applicant has not
met the qualifications for licensure as a psychologist, the provisionally
licensed psychologists must obtain supervision within 30 days in order
to continue to practice.
(3) A provisionally licensed psychologist may, as part
of a period of supervised experience required for full licensure with
this Board, supervise others in the delivery of psychological services.
(4) A supervisor must provide at least one hour of
individual supervision per week. A supervisor may reduce the amount
of weekly supervision on a proportional basis for supervisees working
less than full-time.
(d) Supervision of Licensed Specialists in School Psychology
interns and trainees. The following rules apply to all supervisory
relationships involving Licensed Specialists in School Psychology,
as well as all interns and trainees working toward licensure as a
specialist in school psychology.
(1) A supervisor must provide an LSSP trainee with
at least one hour of supervision per week, with no more than half
being group supervision. A supervisor may reduce the amount of weekly
supervision on a proportional basis for trainees working less than
(2) Supervision within the public schools may only
be provided by a Licensed Specialist in School Psychology, who has
a minimum of three years of experience providing psychological services
within the public school system without supervision. To qualify, a
licensee must be able to show proof of their license, credential,
or authority to provide unsupervised school psychological services
in the jurisdiction where those services were provided, along with
documentation from the public school(s) evidencing delivery of those
(3) Supervisors must sign educational documents completed
for students by the supervisee, including student evaluation reports,
or similar professional reports to consumers, other professionals,
or other audiences. It is not a violation of this rule if supervisors
do not sign documents completed by a committee reflecting the deliberations
of an educational meeting for an individual student which the supervisee
attended and participated in as part of the legal proceedings required
by federal and state education laws, unless the supervisor also attended
and participated in such meeting.
(4) Supervisors shall document all supervision sessions.
This documentation must include information about the duration of
sessions, as well as the focus of discussion or training. The documentation
must also include information regarding:
(A) any contracts or service agreements between the
public school district and university school psychology training program;
(B) any contracts or service agreements between the
public school district and the supervisee;
(C) the supervisee's professional liability insurance
coverage, if any;
(D) any training logs required by the school psychology
training program; and
(E) the supervisee's trainee or licensure status.
(5) Supervisors must ensure that each individual completing
any portion of the internship required by Board rule §463.9,
is provided with a written agreement that includes a clear statement
of the expectations, duties, and responsibilities of each party, including
the total hours to be performed by the intern, benefits and support
to be provided by the supervisor, and the process by which the intern
will be supervised and evaluated.
(6) Supervisors must ensure that supervisees have access
to a process for addressing serious concerns regarding a supervisee's
performance. The process must protect the rights of clients to receive
quality services, assure adequate feedback and opportunities for improvement
to the supervisee, and ensure due process protection in cases of possible
termination of the supervisory relationship.
(e) The various parts of this rule should be construed,
if possible, so that effect is given to each part. However, where
a general provision conflicts with a more specific provision, the
specific provision shall control.