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RULE §4.53Definitions
Historical Texas Register

The following words and terms, when used in this subchapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context indicates otherwise.

  (1) Acceleration--The reorganization of instruction and curricula in ways that expedite the completion of coursework or credentials based on an assessment of students' strengths and needs. It involves a departure from a traditional multi-course sequence in favor of a more streamlined approach to academic support, resulting in students' achievement of college readiness in one year or less. Some examples include, but are not limited to, non-course-based options (NCBOs), emporium models, co-requisites, course-pairing, and computer-assisted instruction.

  (2) Advising--The ongoing and intentional process by which students receive guidance in selecting and navigating their choice of courses or majors, accessing campus and community services, and developing career goals and short/long-term plans. Advising may be provided by faculty, staff members, peer mentors, interactive technology-based resources, or other means.

  (3) Assessment--The use of a Board-approved instrument to determine the academic skills of an undergraduate student and evaluate the likelihood that a student is ready to enroll and succeed in entry-level academic coursework, with or without academic support.

  (4) Board--The governing body of the agency known as the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.

  (5) Compressed or Intensive Course--A course that addresses the same learning outcomes as a traditional course but meets in a shortened overall time period and generally has the same number of contact hours as a traditional course (e.g., four weeks at twelve contact hours per week or eight weeks at six contact hours per week instead of sixteen weeks at three contact hours per week), thus allowing for multiple courses to be completed in the same time period as one traditional course.

  (6) Contextualized Coursework--Strategies that accelerate learning for learners whereby contextualized coursework integrates career subject matter with pre-college skills development in reading, writing, and mathematics.

  (7) Co-requisite (also known as corequisite, mainstreaming, or course pairing)--An instructional strategy whereby an undergraduate student as defined in paragraph (23) of this section is co-enrolled or concurrently enrolled in a developmental education course or in NCBO academic support as defined in paragraph (18) of this section and the entry-level academic course of the same subject matter within the same semester. The developmental education component should provide support aligned directly with the learning outcomes, instruction, and assessment of the entry-level academic course, and make necessary adjustments as needed to advance the student's success in the entry-level course. Participation in and completion of the entry-level academic course may not be contingent upon a student's performance in the developmental education course or NCBO.

  (8) Non-Degree-Seeking Student--A student who has not filed a degree plan with an institution of higher education and is not required to do so pursuant to Texas Education Code, §51.9685.

  (9) Developmental Education Course or Developmental Course--A non-credit course designed to address a student's skills, strengths and needs in the areas of reading, writing, integrated reading and writing (IRW), mathematics, and student success, to help that student be ready to succeed in entry-level academic coursework.

  (10) Developmental Education--Non-credit Developmental Education Courses or Non-Course-Based Developmental Education Interventions such as co-requisites, tutorials, laboratories, interactive modules, and other means of assistance that may be included in a student's academic plan to help the student succeed in entry-level academic coursework.

  (11) Differentiated Instruction--Different instructional processes used to engage a student based on their individual strengths, skills, motivational attitudes, and learning needs and preferences.

  (12) Differentiated Placement--Advising and placement of students based on individual strengths and needs.

  (13) Entry-level academic course (sometimes referred to as an entry-level freshman course or freshman-level academic coursework)--Any college level course for academic credit in which a first-time in college student might typically enroll. An entry-level course may not have prerequisite college courses. These courses (or their local equivalents based on the Texas Common Core Numbering System) may include, but are not limited to, ENGL 1301, HIST 1301, PSYC 2301, GOVT 2305/2306, MATH 1314/1414/1324/1332/1342, SOCI 1301, PHIL 1301, SPCH 1311/1315, COSC 1301, HUMA 1301, ARTS 1301, and BIOL 1306/1406.

  (14) Institution of Higher Education or institution--Any public technical institute, public junior college, public senior college or university, medical or dental unit, or other agency of higher education as defined in Texas Education Code, §61.003(8).

  (15) Mathematics Pathway Models--Developmental and basic academic skills coursework and interventions designed to prepare students for academic and workforce training programs and careers with mathematics content relevant for their programs.

  (16) Measurable Learning Outcomes--Knowledge, skills, and abilities students should be able to demonstrate upon completion of a course or intervention.

  (17) Minimum Passing Standards--A score that must be attained by a student in reading, writing, and mathematics on an assessment instrument designated for use by institutions of higher education by the board that indicates the student's readiness to enroll in entry-level academic courses as defined in paragraph (13) of this section. These scores are set forth in §4.57 of this subchapter (relating to Texas Success Initiative Assessment College Readiness Standards).

  (18) Non-Course-Based Developmental Education Interventions (also known as NCBO or Non-Semester-Length Interventions)--Interventions that are selected or designed to address a student's specific identified academic skills, strengths, and learning needs, to effectively and efficiently prepare the student to succeed in college-level work. These interventions must be overseen by an instructor of record and are beyond academic advising or learning support activities provided generally to all students in a course, program, or institution; interventions may include, but are not limited to, individual or group tutoring, supplemental instruction, interactive online resources, emporium models, or labs.

  (19) Non-Degree Credit Course--A specific course which may not be counted toward a degree or certificate. The term includes developmental education, pre-collegiate, and general continuing education courses.

  (20) Professional Development--The provision of ongoing and systematic learning opportunities for educators and support staff to support the use of research-based strategies, methodologies, and effective instructional practices to support the design and delivery of programs, coursework, and interventions advancing the cognitive and non-cognitive skills of students pursuing post-secondary courses and credentials including certificates and degrees.

  (21) Program Evaluation--Systematic methods of collecting, analyzing, and using information to examine and assess the costs, efficiency, and effectiveness of courses, interventions, and policies.

  (22) TSI Assessment--A Board-approved assessment instrument designated in §4.56 of this subchapter (relating to Texas Success Initiative Assessment Instrument) pursuant to Texas Education Code, §51.334, for use by institutions of higher education to assess a student's readiness to enroll in an entry-level academic course.

  (23) Undergraduate Student--A student, other than a high school student enrolled in college-level coursework for dual credit, who enrolls at a Texas public institution of higher education in a course or program of study leading to a certificate, degree, or other undergraduate credential.

Source Note: The provisions of this §4.53 adopted to be effective May 16, 2024, 49 TexReg 3243

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