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TITLE 25HEALTH SERVICES
PART 1DEPARTMENT OF STATE HEALTH SERVICES
CHAPTER 289RADIATION CONTROL
SUBCHAPTER DGENERAL
RULE §289.202Standards for Protection Against Radiation from Radioactive Materials

subparagraph.

      (vi) Classification of wastes with radionuclides other than those listed in clauses (iii)(V) and (iv)(VI) of this subparagraph. If the waste does not contain any radionuclides listed in either clauses (iii)(V) and (iv)(VI) of this subparagraph, it is Class A.

      (vii) The sum of the fractions rule for mixtures of radionuclides. For determining classification for waste that contains a mixture of radionuclides, it is necessary to determine the sum of fractions by dividing each radionuclide's concentration by the appropriate limit and adding the resulting values. The appropriate limits shall all be taken from the same column of the same table. The sum of the fractions for the column shall be less than 1.0 if the waste class is to be determined by that column. Example: A waste contains Sr-90 in a concentration of 50 curies per cubic meter (Ci/m3 (1.85 terabecquerels per cubic meter (TBq/m3 )) and Cs-137 in a concentration of 22 Ci/m3 (814 gigabecquerels per cubic meter (GBq/m3 )). Since the concentrations both exceed the values in Column 1 of clause (iv)(VI) of this subparagraph, they shall be compared to Column 2 values. For Sr-90 fraction, 50/150 = 0.33, for Cs-137 fraction, 22/44 = 0.5; the sum of the fractions = 0.83. Since the sum is less than 1.0, the waste is Class B.

      (viii) Determination of concentrations in wastes. The concentration of a radionuclide may be determined by indirect methods such as use of scaling factors, which relate the inferred concentration of one radionuclide to another that is measured, or radionuclide material accountability, if there is reasonable assurance that the indirect methods can be correlated with actual measurements. The concentration of a radionuclide may be averaged over the volume of the waste, or weight of the waste if the units are expressed as nanocurie (becquerel) per gram.

    (B) Radioactive waste characteristics.

      (i) The following are minimum requirements for all classes of waste and are intended to facilitate handling and provide protection of health and safety of personnel at the disposal site.

        (I) Wastes shall be packaged in conformance with the conditions of the license issued to the site operator to which the waste will be shipped. Where the conditions of the site license are more restrictive than the provisions of this section, the site license conditions shall govern.

        (II) Wastes shall not be packaged for disposal in cardboard or fiberboard boxes.

        (III) Liquid waste shall be packaged in sufficient absorbent material to absorb twice the volume of the liquid.

        (IV) Solid waste containing liquid shall contain as little free-standing and non-corrosive liquid as is reasonably achievable, but in no case shall the liquid exceed 1.0% of the volume.

        (V) Waste shall not be readily capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or reaction at normal pressures and temperatures, or of explosive reaction with water.

        (VI) Waste shall not contain, or be capable of generating, quantities of toxic gases, vapors, or fumes harmful to persons transporting, handling, or disposing of the waste. This does not apply to radioactive gaseous waste packaged in accordance with subclause (VIII) of this clause.

        (VII) Waste must not be pyrophoric. Pyrophoric materials contained in wastes shall be treated, prepared, and packaged to be nonflammable.

        (VIII) Wastes in a gaseous form shall be packaged at an absolute pressure that does not exceed 1.5 atmospheres at 20 degrees Celsius. Total activity shall not exceed 100 Ci (3.7 terabecquerels (TBq)) per container.

        (IX) Wastes containing hazardous, biological, pathogenic, or infectious material shall be treated to reduce to the maximum extent practicable the potential hazard from the non-radiological materials.

      (ii) The following requirements are intended to provide stability of the waste. Stability is intended to ensure that the waste does not degrade and affect overall stability of the site through slumping, collapse, or other failure of the disposal unit and thereby lead to water infiltration. Stability is also a factor in limiting exposure to an inadvertent intruder, since it provides a recognizable and nondispersible waste.

        (I) Waste shall have structural stability. A structurally stable waste form will generally maintain its physical dimensions and its form, under the expected disposal conditions such as weight of overburden and compaction equipment, the presence of moisture, and microbial activity, and internal factors such as radiation effects and chemical changes. Structural stability can be provided by the waste form itself, processing the waste to a stable form, or placing the waste in a disposal container or structure that provides stability after disposal.

        (II) Notwithstanding the provisions in clause (i)(III) and (IV) of this subparagraph, liquid wastes, or wastes containing liquid, shall be converted into a form that contains as little free-standing and non-corrosive liquid as is reasonably achievable, but in no case shall the liquid exceed 1.0% of the volume of the waste when the waste is in a disposal container designed to ensure stability, or 0.5% of the volume of the waste for waste processed to a stable form.

        (III) Void spaces within the waste and between the waste and its package shall be reduced to the extent practicable.

    (C) Labeling. Each package of waste shall be clearly labeled to identify whether it is Class A, Class B, or Class C waste, in accordance with subparagraph (A) of this paragraph.

  (5) Time requirements for record keeping.

Attached Graphic

  (6) Acceptable surface contamination limits.

Attached Graphic

  (7) Concentration and activity limits of nuclides for disposal in a Type I municipal solid waste site or a hazardous waste facility (for use in subsection (fff) of this section). The following table contains concentration and activity limits of nuclides for disposal in a Type I municipal solid waste site or a hazardous waste facility.

Attached Graphic

  (8) Cumulative occupational exposure form. The following, RC Form 202-2, or other equivalent clear and legible record, of all the information required on that form, is to be used to document cumulative occupational exposure history: (Please find RC Form 202-2 at the end of this section.)

Attached Graphic

  (9) Occupational exposure form. The following, RC Form 202-3, or other equivalent clear and legible record, of all the information required on that form, is to be used to document occupational exposure record for a monitoring period: (Please find RC Form 202-3 at the end of this section.)

Attached Graphic

(hhh) Requirements for nationally tracked sources.

  (1) Reports of transactions involving nationally tracked sources. Each licensee who manufactures, transfers, receives, disassembles, or disposes of a nationally tracked source shall complete and submit to NRC a National Source Tracking Transaction Report as specified in the following subparagraphs for each type of transaction.

    (A) Each licensee who manufactures a nationally tracked source shall complete and submit to NRC a National Source Tracking Transaction Report. The report shall include the following information:

      (i) the name, address, and license number of the reporting licensee;

      (ii) the name of the individual preparing the report;

      (iii) the manufacturer, model, and serial number of the source;

      (iv) the radioactive material in the source;

      (v) the initial source strength in becquerels (curies) at the time of manufacture; and

      (vi) the manufacture date of the source.

    (B) Each licensee that transfers a nationally tracked source to another person shall complete and submit to NRC a National Source Tracking Transaction Report. A source transfer transaction does not include transfers to a temporary domestic job site. Domestic transactions in which the nationally tracked source remains in the possession of the licensee do not require a report to the National Source Tracking System. The report shall include the following information:

      (i) the name, address, and license number of the reporting licensee;

      (ii) the name of the individual preparing the report;

      (iii) the name and license number of the recipient facility and the shipping address;

      (iv) the manufacturer, model, and serial number of the source or, if not available, other information to uniquely identify the source;

      (v) the radioactive material in the source;

      (vi) the initial or current source strength in becquerels (curies);

      (vii) the date for which the source strength is reported;

      (viii) the shipping date;

      (ix) the estimated arrival date; and

      (x) for nationally tracked sources transferred as waste under a Uniform Low-Level Radioactive Waste Manifest, the waste manifest number and the container identification of the container with the nationally tracked source.

    (C) Each licensee that receives a nationally tracked source shall complete and submit to NRC a National Source Tracking Transaction Report. The report shall include the following information:

      (i) the name, address, and license number of the reporting licensee;

      (ii) the name of the individual preparing the report;

      (iii) the name, address, and license number of the person that provided the source;

      (iv) the manufacturer, model, and serial number of the source or, if not available, other information to uniquely identify the source;

      (v) the radioactive material in the source;

      (vi) the initial or current source strength in becquerels (curies);

      (vii) the date for which the source strength is reported;

      (viii) the date of receipt; and

      (ix) for material received under a Uniform Low-Level Radioactive Waste Manifest, the waste manifest number and the container identification with the nationally tracked source.

    (D) Each licensee that disassembles a nationally tracked source shall complete and submit to NRC a National Source Tracking Transaction Report. The report shall include the following information:

      (i) the name, address, and license number of the reporting licensee;

      (ii) the name of the individual preparing the report;

      (iii) the manufacturer, model, and serial number of the source or, if not available, other information to uniquely identify the source;

      (iv) the radioactive material in the source;

      (v) the initial or current source strength in becquerels (curies);

      (vi) the date for which the source strength is reported; and

      (vii) the disassemble date of the source.

    (E) Each licensee who disposes of a nationally tracked source shall complete and submit to NRC a National Source Tracking Transaction Report. The report shall include the following information:

      (i) the name, address, and license number of the reporting licensee;

      (ii) the name of the individual preparing the report;

      (iii) the waste manifest number;

      (iv) the container identification with the nationally tracked source;

      (v) the date of disposal; and

      (vi) the method of disposal.

    (F) The reports discussed in subparagraphs (A) - (E) of this paragraph shall be submitted to NRC by the close of the next business day after the transaction. A single report may be submitted for multiple sources and transactions. The reports shall be submitted to the National Source Tracking System by using the following:

      (i) the on-line National Source Tracking System;

      (ii) electronically using a computer-readable format;

      (iii) by facsimile;

      (iv) by mail to the address on the National Source Tracking Transaction Report Form (NRC Form 748); or

      (v) by telephone with follow-up by facsimile or mail.

    (G) Each licensee shall correct any error in previously filed reports or file a new report for any missed transaction within 5 business days of the discovery of the error or missed transaction. Such errors may be detected by a variety of methods such as administrative reviews or by physical inventories required by regulation. In addition, each licensee shall reconcile the inventory of nationally tracked sources possessed by the licensee against that licensee's data in the National Source Tracking System. The reconciliation shall be conducted during the month of January in each year. The reconciliation process shall include resolving any discrepancies between the National Source Tracking System and the actual inventory by filing the reports identified by subparagraphs (A) - (E) of this paragraph. By January 31 of each year, each licensee shall submit to the National Source Tracking System confirmation that the data in the National Source Tracking System is correct.

Cont'd...

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