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TITLE 25HEALTH SERVICES
PART 1DEPARTMENT OF STATE HEALTH SERVICES
CHAPTER 289RADIATION CONTROL
SUBCHAPTER FLICENSE REGULATIONS
RULE §289.255Radiation Safety Requirements and Licensing and Registration Procedures for Industrial Radiography

  (40) Residential location--Any area where structures are located in which people lodge or live, and the grounds on which these structures are located including, but not limited to, houses, apartments, condominiums, and garages.

  (41) S-tube--A tube through which the radioactive source travels when inside a radiographic exposure device.

  (42) Shielded position--The location within the radiographic exposure device or source changer where the sealed source is secured and restricted from movement.

  (43) Shielded-room radiography--Industrial radiography conducted in a room shielded so radiation levels at every location on the exterior meet the limitations specified in §289.202(n) of this title or §289.231(o) of this title, as applicable. A shielded room is also known as a bay or bunker.

  (44) Source assembly (pigtail)--An assembly that consists of the sealed source and a connector that attaches the source to the control cable. The source assembly may also include a ball stop used to secure the source in the shielded position.

  (45) Source changer--A device designed and used to replace sealed sources in radiographic exposure devices, including those used to transport and store sealed sources.

  (46) Storage area--Any location, facility, or vehicle that is used to store and secure a radiation machine, radiographic exposure device, a storage container, or a sealed source when it is not used for radiographic operations. Storage areas are locked or have a physical barrier to prevent accidental exposure, tampering, or unauthorized removal of the machine, device, container, or source.

  (47) Storage container--A device in which the sealed source is secured and stored.

  (48) Storage facility--A structure designed to house one or more sources of radiation to provide security and shielding at a permanent storage site. A storage facility is also known as a vault.

  (49) Temporary job site--Any location where industrial radiography is performed other than the specific use location(s) listed on a license or certificate of registration. If use of sources of radiation is authorized at a temporary job site, storage incident to that use is also authorized.

  (50) Trainee status card--The document issued by the agency following completion of the requirements of subsection (e)(1)(A) of this section.

  (51) Transport container--A package that is designed to provide radiation safety and security when sealed sources are transported and meets all applicable requirements of the United States Department of Transportation (DOT).

  (52) Underwater radiography--Industrial radiography performed when the radiographic exposure device and/or related equipment are beneath the surface of the water.

(d) Exemptions.

  (1) Uses of certified and certifiable cabinet x-ray systems are exempt from the requirements of this section except for the requirements of subsections (a), (b)(3), (c), and (t)(8) of this section.

  (2) Industrial uses of hand-held light intensified imaging devices are exempt from the requirements in this section if the exposure rate 18 inches from the source of radiation to any individual does not exceed 2 millirem per hour (mrem/hr) (0.02 millisievert per hour (mSv/hr)). Devices with exposure rates that exceed the 2 mrem/hr (0.02 mSv/hr) level shall meet the applicable requirements of this section and §289.252 of this title or §289.226 of this title, as applicable. This exemption will apply only to those radiation machines that do not allow a person or body part to be exposed to the radiation beam.

  (3) Radiation machines determined by the agency to constitute a minimal threat to human health and safety in accordance with §289.231(ll)(3) of this title, are exempt from the requirements in this section except for the requirements of paragraph (1) of this subsection.

  (4) Facilities that utilize radiation machines for industrial radiography only at permanent radiographic installations are exempt from the requirements of this section except for the requirements of subsections (a), (b)(1), (b)(3) - (5), (c), (e)(1), (j), (n), (t)(1), and (t)(7).

(e) Requirements for qualifications of radiographic personnel.

  (1) Radiographer trainee. No licensee or registrant shall permit any individual to act as a radiographer trainee until the individual possesses the original or a copy of an agency-issued trainee status card or certification ID card.

    (A) To obtain an agency-issued trainee status card, the licensee, registrant, or the individual shall document to the agency on RC Form 255-E or equivalent that such individual has successfully completed a course of at least 40 hours on the applicable subjects outlined in subsection (x)(1) of this section. The course shall be one accepted by the agency, another agreement state, or the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

    (B) The trainee shall carry a copy of the completed RC Form 255-E, in the interim period after submitting documentation to the agency and before receiving a trainee status card. The copy of the completed RC Form 255-E that was submitted to the agency may be used in lieu of the trainee status card for a period of 30 days from the date recorded by the trainee on the documentation.

    (C) The individual shall notify the agency in writing of the need for a replacement trainee status card. The individual shall carry a copy of documentation of the request while performing industrial radiographic operations until a replacement trainee status card is received from the agency.

    (D) Records required by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall be made and maintained in accordance with subsection (v)(1) of this section.

    (E) Each licensee and registrant shall maintain for agency inspection clear and legible records that demonstrate that the applicable requirements of this paragraph are met. A copy of the trainee status card will satisfy the documentation requirements of this paragraph.

  (2) Radiographer. No licensee or registrant shall permit any individual to act as a radiographer until the individual possesses a valid radiographer certification.

    (A) To obtain a radiographer certification, an individual shall submit the fee as prescribed in subsection (h)(1) of this section and comply with the following:

      (i) complete the requirements of paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection;

      (ii) document to the Agency on RC Form 255-R, completion of on-the-job training as a radiographer trainee supervised by one or more radiographer trainers authorized on a license or certificate of registration;

        (I) The radiographer trainee shall carry a legible trainee status card in accordance with paragraph (1) of this subsection while obtaining the on-the-job training specified in subclauses (II) - (VII) of this clause.

        (II) The on-the-job training shall include at least 200 hours of active participation in radioactive materials industrial radiographic operations or 120 hours of active participation in x-ray industrial radiographic operations, as applicable.

        (III) Individuals performing industrial radiography utilizing radioactive materials and x-ray machines shall complete both segments (320 hours) of on-the-job training.

        (IV) The hours of on-the-job training do not include safety meetings, classroom training, travel, darkroom activities, film development and interpretation, or use of a cabinet x-ray unit.

        (V) One year of documented experience of on-the-job training as authorized by another agreement state or the NRC may be substituted for the requirements of subclauses (II) or (III) of this clause. The documentation shall be submitted to the agency on RC Form 255-OS or equivalent.

        (VI) The trainee shall be under the personal supervision of a radiographer trainer whenever a radiographer trainee:

          (-a-) uses radiation machines, radiographic exposure devices, or associated equipment; or

          (-b-) performs radiation surveys required by:

            (-1-) subsection (t)(6) of this section to determine that the radiation machine has stopped producing radiation; or

            (-2-) subsection (u)(9) of this section to determine that the sealed source has returned to the shielded position after an exposure.

        (VII) The personal supervision shall include the following.

          (-a-) The radiographer trainer's physical presence at the site where the sources of radiation are being used;

          (-b-) The availability of the radiographer trainer to give immediate assistance if required; and

          (-c-) The radiographer trainer's direct observation of the trainee's performance of the operations referred to in this section.

      (iii) successfully complete within the last five years the appropriate agency-administered examination prescribed in subsection (g)(2) of this section or the appropriate examination of another certifying entity that affords the same or comparable certification standards as those afforded by this clause and clauses (i) and (ii) of this subparagraph; and

      (iv) possesses a current certification ID card issued in accordance with subsection (h)(2) of this section or by another certifying entity that affords the same or comparable certification standards as those afforded by this clause or clauses (i) - (iii) of this subparagraph.

    (B) Reciprocal recognition by the agency of an individual radiographer certification may be granted according to subsection (h)(5)(A) and (B) of this section.

    (C) Once an individual has completed the requirements of paragraph (2)(A)(iv) of this subsection, the licensee or registrant is not required to submit the documentation referenced in paragraph (2)(A)(i) and (ii) of this subsection for renewal of a radiographer certification.

    (D) Records required by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall be made and maintained in accordance with subsection (v)(1) of this section.

    (E) Each licensee and registrant shall maintain for agency inspection clear and legible records that demonstrate that the applicable requirements of this paragraph are met for all industrial radiographic personnel. A copy of the certification ID card will satisfy the documentation requirements of this paragraph.

  (3) Radiographer trainer.

    (A) No licensee or registrant shall permit any individual to act as a radiographer trainer until:

      (i) it has been documented to the agency on RC Form 255-T or equivalent that such individual has:

        (I) met the radiographer certification requirements of paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection; and

        (II) one year of documented experience as a certified radiographer.

      (ii) such individual is in receipt of a valid trainer certification card issued by the agency and under which the individual is acting as a radiographer trainer; and

      (iii) determination is made by the agency that the individual is not currently under order from the agency prohibiting the individual from acting as a radiographer trainer.

    (B) The specific duties of the radiographer trainer include, but are not limited to, the following:

      (i) providing personal supervision to any radiographer trainee at the site where the sources of radiation are being used; and

      (ii) preventing any unauthorized use of a source of radiation by a radiographer trainee.

  (4) RSO for industrial radiography.

    (A) An RSO shall be designated on every industrial radiography license and certificate of registration issued by the agency. A single individual may be designated as RSO for more than one license or certificate of registration if authorized by the agency.

    (B) The RSO's qualifications shall be submitted to the agency and shall include as a minimum:

      (i) possession of a high school diploma or a certificate of high school equivalency based on the GED test;

      (ii) completion of the training and testing requirements of paragraphs (1)(A) and (2)(A)(iii) of this subsection; and

      (iii) two years of documented radiation protection experience, including knowledge of industrial radiographic operations with at least 40 hours of active participation in industrial radiographic operations.

    (C) The specific duties of the RSO include, but are not limited to, the following:

      (i) establishing and overseeing operating, safety, emergency, and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) procedures, and to review them regularly to ensure that the procedures are current and conform with the requirements of this chapter;

      (ii) overseeing and approving all phases of the training program for radiographic personnel so that appropriate and effective radiation protection practices are taught;

      (iii) ensuring that required radiation surveys and leak tests are performed and documented in accordance with this chapter, including any corrective measures when levels of radiation exceed established limits;

      (iv) ensuring that personnel monitoring devices are calibrated and used properly by occupationally-exposed personnel;

      (v) ensuring that timely notifications to employees are made as required by §289.203 of this title;

Cont'd...

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