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RULE §130.25Advanced Plant and Soil Science (One Credit), Adopted 2015

    (B) analyze issues regarding the use of fossil fuels and other non-renewable energy sources or alternative energy sources; and

    (C) analyze the significance and economic impact of the use of fossil fuels and alternative energy sources.

  (15) The student evaluates components of plant science as they relate to crop production. The student is expected to:

    (A) analyze plant physiology, genetics, and reproduction of various crops;

    (B) recognize characteristics related to seed quality such as mechanical damage, viability, and grade;

    (C) identify plant pests and diseases and their causes, prevention, and treatment;

    (D) perform plant management practices such as germination tests, plant spacing trials, and fertilizer tests; and

    (E) measure trends in crop species and varieties grown locally in Texas and the United States and how they affect agriculture and consumers.

  (16) The student identifies how plants grow and how specialized cells, tissues, and organs develop. The student is expected to:

    (A) compare cells from different parts of the plant, including roots, stems, and leaves, to show specialization of structures and functions; and

    (B) sequence the levels of organization in multicellular organisms that relate the parts to each other and the whole.

  (17) The student diagrams the structure and function of nucleic acids in the mechanism of genetics. The student is expected to:

    (A) describe components of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and illustrate how information for specifying the traits of an organism is carried in DNA;

    (B) identify and illustrate how changes in DNA cause phenotypic or genotypic changes;

    (C) compare and contrast genetic variations observed in plants and animals; and

    (D) compare the processes of mitosis and meiosis and their significance.

  (18) The student demonstrates skills related to the human, scientific, and technological dimensions of crop production and the resources necessary for producing domesticated plants. The student is expected to:

    (A) describe the growth and development of major crops;

    (B) apply principles of genetics and plant breeding;

    (C) examine the development of crop varieties through the origin of agriculture; and

    (D) design and conduct investigations to support known principles of genetics.

  (19) The student explains the chemistry involved in plants at the cellular level. The student is expected to:

    (A) compare the structures and functions of different types of organic molecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids;

    (B) compare the energy flow in photosynthesis to the energy flow in cellular respiration; and

    (C) investigate and identify the effect of enzymes on plant cells.

  (20) The student identifies the sources and flow of energy through environmental systems. The student is expected to:

    (A) summarize forms and sources of energy;

    (B) explain the flow of energy in an environment;

    (C) investigate and explain the effects of energy transformations in an ecosystem; and

    (D) investigate and identify energy interaction in an ecosystem.

Source Note: The provisions of this §130.25 adopted to be effective August 28, 2017, 40 TexReg 9123

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