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TITLE 34PUBLIC FINANCE
PART 1COMPTROLLER OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTS
CHAPTER 3TAX ADMINISTRATION
SUBCHAPTER OSTATE AND LOCAL SALES AND USE TAXES
RULE §3.334Local Sales and Use Taxes

      (ii) at the remote seller's election, the single local use tax rate published in the Texas Register.

    (B) A remote seller that is storing tangible personal property in Texas to be used for fulfillment at a facility of a marketplace provider that has certified that it will assume the rights and duties of a seller with respect to the tangible personal property, as provided for in §3.286 of this title, may elect the single local use tax rate under subparagraph (A)(ii) of this paragraph.

    (C) Notice to the comptroller of election and revocation of election.

      (i) Before using the single local use tax rate, a remote seller must notify the comptroller of its election using a form prescribed by the comptroller. A remote seller may also notify the comptroller of the election on its use tax permit application form. The remote seller must use the single local use tax rate for all of its sales of taxable items until the election is revoked as provided in clause (ii) of this subparagraph.

      (ii) A remote seller may revoke its election by filing a form prescribed by the comptroller. If the comptroller receives the notice by October 1, the revocation will be effective January 1 of the following year. If the comptroller receives the notice after October 1, the revocation will be effective January 1 of the year after the following year. For example, a remote seller must notify the comptroller by October 1, 2020, for the revocation to be effective January 1, 2021. If the comptroller receives the revocation on November 1, 2020, the revocation will be effective January 1, 2022.

    (D) Single local use tax rate.

      (i) The single local use tax rate in effect for the period beginning October 1, 2019, and ending December 31, 2019, is 1.75%.

      (ii) The single local use tax rate in effect for the period beginning January 1, 2020, and ending December 31, 2020, is 1.75%.

    (E) Annual publication of single local use tax rate. Before the beginning of a calendar year, the comptroller will publish notice of the single local use tax rate in the Texas Register that will be in effect for that calendar year.

    (F) Calculating the single local use tax rate. The single local use tax rate effective in a calendar year is equal to the estimated average rate of local sales and use taxes imposed in this state during the preceding state fiscal year. As soon as practicable after the end of a state fiscal year, the comptroller must determine the estimated average rate of local sales and use taxes imposed in this state during the preceding state fiscal year by:

      (i) dividing the total amount of net local sales and use taxes remitted to the comptroller during the state fiscal year by the total amount of net state sales and use tax remitted to the comptroller during the state fiscal year;

      (ii) multiplying the amount computed under clause (i) of this subparagraph by the rate provided in Tax Code, §151.051; and

      (iii) rounding the amount computed under clause (ii) of this subparagraph to the nearest .0025.

    (G) Direct refund. A purchaser may request a refund based on local use taxes paid in a calendar year for the difference between the single local use tax rate paid by the purchaser and the amount the purchaser would have paid based on the combined tax rate for all applicable local use taxes. Notwithstanding the refund requirements under §3.325(a)(1) of this title (relating to Refunds and Payments Under Protest), a non-permitted purchaser may request a refund directly from the comptroller for the tax paid in the previous calendar year, no earlier than January 1 of the following calendar year within the statute of limitation under Tax Code, 111.104 (Refunds).

    (H) Marketplace providers. Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, marketplace providers may not use the single local use tax rate and must compute the amount of local use tax to collect and remit using the combined tax rate of all applicable local use taxes.

  (4) Purchaser responsible for accruing and remitting local taxes if seller fails to collect.

    (A) If a seller does not collect the state sales tax, any applicable local sales taxes, or both, on a sale of a taxable item that is consummated in Texas, then the purchaser is responsible for filing a return and paying the tax. The local sales taxes due are based on the location in this state where the sale is consummated as provided in subsection (c) of this section.

    (B) A purchaser who buys an item for use in Texas from a seller who does not collect the state use tax, any applicable local use taxes, or both, is responsible for filing a return and paying the tax. The local use taxes due are based on the location where the item is first stored, used, or consumed by the purchaser.

    (C) For more information about how to report and pay use tax directly to the comptroller, see §3.286 of this title.

  (5) Local tax is due on the sales price of a taxable item, as defined in Tax Code, §151.007, in the report period in which the taxable item is purchased or the period in which the taxable item is first stored, used, or otherwise consumed in a local taxing jurisdiction.

  (6) A purchaser is not liable for additional local use tax if the purchaser pays local use tax using the rate elected by an eligible remote seller according to paragraph (3) of this subsection. The remote seller must be identified on the comptroller's website as electing to use the single local use tax rate. A purchaser must verify that the remote seller is listed on the comptroller's website. If the remote seller is not listed on the comptroller's website, the purchaser will be liable for additional use tax due in accordance to paragraph (4) of this subsection.

(j) Items purchased under a direct payment permit.

  (1) When taxable items are purchased under a direct payment permit, local use tax is due based upon the location where the permit holder first stores the taxable items, except that if the taxable items are not stored, then local use tax is due based upon the location where the taxable items are first used or otherwise consumed by the permit holder.

  (2) If, in a local taxing jurisdiction, storage facilities contain taxable items purchased under a direct payment exemption certificate and at the time of storage it is not known whether the taxable items will be used in Texas, then the taxpayer may elect to report the use tax either when the taxable items are first stored in Texas or are first removed from inventory for use in Texas, as long as use tax is reported in a consistent manner. See also §3.288(i) of this title (relating to Direct Payment Procedures and Qualifications) and §3.346(g) of this title.

  (3) If local use tax is paid on stored items that are subsequently removed from Texas before they are used, the tax may be recovered in accordance with the refund and credit provisions of §3.325 of this title and §3.338 of this title (relating to Multistate Tax Credits and Allowance of Credit for Tax Paid to Suppliers).

(k) Special rules for certain taxable goods and services. Sales of the following taxable goods and services are consummated at, and local tax is due based upon, the location indicated in this subsection.

  (1) Amusement services. Local tax is due based upon the location where the performance or event occurs. For more information on amusement services, refer to §3.298 of this title (relating to Amusement Services).

  (2) Cable services. When a service provider uses a cable system to provide cable television or bundled cable services to customers, local tax is due as provided for in §3.313 of this title. When a service provider uses a satellite system to provide cable services to customers, no local tax is due on the service in accordance with the Telecommunications Act of 1996, §602.

  (3) Florists. Local sales tax is due on all taxable items sold by a florist based upon the location where the order is received, regardless of where or by whom delivery is made. Local use tax is not due on deliveries of taxable items sold by florists. For example, if the place of business of the florist where an order is taken is not within the boundaries of any local taxing jurisdiction, no local sales tax is due on the item and no local use tax is due regardless of the location of delivery. If a Texas florist delivers an order in a local taxing jurisdiction at the instruction of an unrelated florist, and if the unrelated florist did not take the order within the boundaries of a local taxing jurisdiction, local use tax is not due on the delivery. For more information about florists' sales and use tax obligations, refer to §3.307 of this title (relating to Florists).

  (4) Landline telecommunications services. Local taxes due on landline telecommunications services are based upon the location of the device from which the call or other transmission originates. If the seller cannot determine where the call or transmission originates, local taxes due are based on the address to which the service is billed. For more information, refer to §3.344 of this title (relating to Telecommunications Services).

  (5) Marketplace provider sales. Local taxes are due on sales of taxable items through a marketplace provider based on the location in this state to which the item is shipped or delivered or at which the purchaser takes possession. For more information, refer to §3.286 of this title.

  (6) Mobile telecommunications services. Local taxes due on mobile telecommunications services are based upon the location of the customer's place of primary use as defined in §3.344(a)(8) of this title, and local taxes are to be collected as indicated in §3.344(h) of this title.

  (7) Motor vehicle parking and storage. Local taxes are due based on the location of the space or facility where the vehicle is parked. For more information, refer to §3.315 of this title (relating to Motor Vehicle Parking and Storage).

  (8) Natural gas and electricity. Any local city and special purpose taxes due are based upon the location where the natural gas or electricity is delivered to the purchaser. As explained in subsection (l)(1) of this section, residential use of natural gas and electricity is exempt from all county sales and use taxes and all transit authority sales and use taxes, most special purpose district sales and use taxes, and many city sales and use taxes. A list of the cities and special purpose districts that do impose, and those that are eligible to impose, local sales and use tax on residential use of natural gas and electricity is available on the comptroller's website. For more information, also refer to §3.295 of this title (relating to Natural Gas and Electricity).

  (9) Nonresidential real property repair and remodeling services. Local taxes are due on services to remodel, repair, or restore nonresidential real property based on the location of the job site where the remodeling, repair, or restoration is performed. See also subsection (h)(2)(B) of this section and §3.357 of this title.

  (10) Residential real property repair and remodeling and new construction of a real property improvement performed under a separated contract. When a contractor constructs a new improvement to realty pursuant to a separated contract or improves residential real property pursuant to a separated contract, the sale is consummated at the job site at which the contractor incorporates taxable items into the customer's real property. See also subsection (h)(2)(A) of this section and §3.291 of this title.

  (11) Waste collection services. Local taxes are due on garbage or other solid waste collection or removal services based on the location at which the waste is collected or from which the waste is removed. For more information, refer to §3.356 of this title (relating to Real Property Service).

(l) Special exemptions and provisions applicable to individual jurisdictions.

  (1) Residential use of natural gas and electricity.

    (A) Mandatory exemptions from local sales and use tax. Residential use of natural gas and electricity is exempt from most local sales and use taxes. Counties, transit authorities, and most special purpose districts are not authorized to impose sales and use tax on the residential use of natural gas and electricity. Pursuant to Tax Code, §321.105, any city that adopted a local sales and use tax effective October 1, 1979, or later is prohibited from imposing tax on the residential use of natural gas and electricity. See §3.295 of this title.

    (B) Imposition of tax allowed in certain cities. Cities that adopted local sales tax prior to October 1, 1979, may, in accordance with the provisions in Tax Code, §321.105, choose to repeal the exemption for residential use of natural gas and electricity. The comptroller's website provides a list of cities that impose tax on the residential use of natural gas and electricity, as well as a list of those cities that do not currently impose the tax, but are eligible to do so.

    (C) Effective January 1, 2010, a fire control, prevention, and emergency medical services district organized under Local Government Code, Chapter 344 that imposes sales tax under Tax Code, §321.106, or a crime control and prevention district organized under Local Government Code, Chapter 363 that imposes sales tax under Tax Code, §321.108, that is located in all or part of a municipality that imposes a tax on the residential use of natural gas and electricity as provided under Tax Code, §321.105 may impose tax on residential use of natural gas and electricity at locations within the district. A list of the special purpose Cont'd...

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