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RULE §91.711Purchase and Sale of Member Loans

(a) Policies. A credit union may sell or purchase all or part of a participation interest in a member loan or pool of member loans in accordance with written policies adopted by the board of directors that address the following matters:

  (1) The type of entities to which the credit union is authorized to sell participation interests in member loans;

  (2) The types of member loans in which the credit union may purchase or sell a participation interest and the types of participation interests which may be purchased or sold;

  (3) The underwriting standards to be applied in the purchase of participation interests in member loans;

  (4) Limitations on the aggregate principal amount of participation interest in member loans that the credit union may purchase from a single entity as necessary to diversify risk, and limitations on the aggregate amount the credit union may purchase from all entities;

  (5) Provision for the identification and reporting of member loans in which participation interests are sold or purchased; and

  (6) Requirements for providing and securing in a timely manner adequate credit and other information needed to make an independent judgment.

(b) Purchase and Sale Agreements. The sale or purchase of a member loan or participation interest must be based on a written agreement between the parties. Agreements to purchase or sell a member loan or a participation interest shall, at a minimum:

  (1) Identify the particular member loan(s) to be covered by the agreement;

  (2) Provide for the transfer of credit and other borrower information on a timely and continuing basis;

  (3) Provide for sharing, dividing, or assigning collateral;

  (4) Identify the nature of the participation interest(s) sold or purchased;

  (5) Set forth the rights and obligations of the parties and the terms and conditions of the sale; and

  (6) Contain any terms necessary for the appropriate administration of the member loan and the protection of the participation interests of the credit union.

(c) Member Loan Servicing. A credit union may sell to or purchase from any participant the servicing of any member loan in which it owns a participation interest. If a party other than the credit union will be servicing the member loan(s), the credit union shall ensure that all contracts require the servicer to administer the member loan(s) in accordance with prudent industry standards, and provide for a possible change of the servicer if performance is inadequate.

(d) Definition. For purposes of this section, a member loan means a loan or extension of credit where the borrower(s) is a member of the credit union or a member of another participating credit union.

(e) Independent Credit Judgment. A credit union that purchases a participation interest in a member loan has the responsibility of conducting member loan underwriting procedures on the member loan to determine that it complies with the policies of the credit union and meets the credit union's credit standards. The credit union shall make a judgment on the creditworthiness of the borrower that is independent of the originating lender and any intermediary seller prior to the purchase of the participation interest and prior to any servicing action that alters the terms of the original agreement. This credit judgment may not be delegated to any person that is not an employee or independent agent of the credit union. A credit union that purchases a participation interest in a member loan may use information, such as appraisals or collateral inspections, furnished by the originating lender, or any intermediary seller; however, the purchasing credit union shall independently evaluate such information when exercising its independent credit judgment. The independent credit judgment shall be documented by a credit analysis that considers the underwriting, documentation, and compliance standards that would be required by a prudent lender and shall include an evaluation of the capacity and reliability of the servicer.

(f) Other Requirements. A credit union purchasing a participation interest in a member loan from a lender that is not a credit union insured by the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, must also comply with applicable requirements contained within Part 741 of the National Credit Union Administration Rules and Regulations.

(g) Sales with Recourse. When a member loan or participation interest is sold with recourse, it shall be considered, to the extent of the recourse, an extension of credit by the purchaser to the seller, as well as an extension of credit from the seller to the borrower(s).

Source Note: The provisions of this §91.711 adopted to be effective August 9, 1999, 24 TexReg 6023; amended to be effective August 10, 2003, 28 TexReg 6268; amended to be effective November 9, 2006, 31 TexReg 9019; amended to be effective November 7, 2010, 35 TexReg 9720

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