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RULE §355.509Reimbursement Methodology for Residential Care

(a) General requirements. The Texas Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC), or its designee, applies the general principles of cost determination as specified in §355.101 of this title (relating to Introduction).

(b) Cost reporting.

  (1) Providers must follow the cost-reporting guidelines as specified in §355.105 of this title (relating to General Reporting and Documentation Requirements, Methods, and Procedures).

  (2) Excused from submission of cost reports. If required by HHSC, a contracted provider must submit a cost report unless the provider meets one or more of the conditions in §355.105(b)(4)(D) of this title.

(c) Reimbursement determination.

  (1) Reporting and verification of allowable costs.

    (A) Providers are responsible for reporting only allowable costs on the cost report, except where cost report instructions indicate that other costs are to be reported in specific lines or sections. Only allowable cost information is used to determine recommended reimbursements. HHSC or its designee excludes from reimbursement determination any unallowable expenses included in the cost report and makes the appropriate adjustments to expenses and other information reported by providers. The purpose is to ensure that the database reflects costs and other information that are necessary for the provision of services and that are consistent with federal and state regulations.

    (B) Individual cost reports may not be included in the database used for reimbursement determination if:

      (i) there is reasonable doubt as to the accuracy or allowability of a significant part of the information reported; or

      (ii) an auditor determines that reported costs are not verifiable.

  (2) Residential care reimbursement. Recommended per diem reimbursement for residential care is determined as follows.

    (A) Reported allowable expenses are combined into four cost areas:

      (i) attendant;

      (ii) other direct care;

      (iii) facility; and

      (iv) administration and transportation.

    (B) Facility, transportation (vehicle), and administration expenses are lowered to reflect expenses for a provider at the lower of:

      (i) 85% occupancy rate; or

      (ii) the overall average occupancy rate for licensed beds in facilities included in the database during the cost-reporting periods included in the base. The occupancy adjustment is applied if the provider's occupancy rate is below 85% or the overall average, whichever is lower. The occupancy adjustment is determined by the individual provider occupancy rate being divided by .85 or the average occupancy rate of all providers in the database.

    (C) Payroll taxes and employee benefits are allocated to each salary line item on the cost report on a pro rata basis based on the portion of that salary line item to the amount of total salary expense for the appropriate group of staff. Employee benefits will be charged to a specific salary line item if the benefits are reported separately. The allocated payroll taxes and employee benefits are Federal Insurance Contributions Act or Social Security, Medicare contributions, Workers' Compensation Insurance, the Federal Unemployment Tax Act, and the Texas Unemployment Compensation Act.

    (D) The attendant cost area from subparagraph (A)(i) of this paragraph will be calculated as specified in §355.112 of this title (relating to Attendant Compensation Rate Enhancement).

    (E) The following applies to the cost areas from subparagraph (A)(ii) - (iv) of this paragraph:

      (i) Each provider's total reported allowable costs, excluding depreciation and mortgage interest, are projected from the historical cost-reporting period to the prospective reimbursement period as described in §355.108 of this title (relating to Determination of Inflation Indices). The prospective reimbursement period is the period of time that the reimbursement is expected to be in effect.

      (ii) Cost area per diem expenses are calculated by dividing total reported allowable costs for each cost area by the total days of service. Cost area per diem expenses are rank ordered from low to high to produce projected per diem expense arrays.

      (iii) Reimbursement is determined by selecting from each cost area the median day of service and the corresponding per diem expense times 1.07. The resulting cost area amounts are totaled to determine the per diem reimbursement.

      (iv) The client is required to pay for their room and board portion of the per diem reimbursement. DADS will pay the services portion of the per diem reimbursement. The room and board payments will be paid to providers by the client from the client's Supplemental Security Income (SSI). When SSI is increased or decreased by the Federal Social Security Administration, the per diem reimbursement will be adjusted in amounts equal to the increase or decrease in SSI received by clients.

  (3) Exceptions to the reimbursement determination methodology. Reimbursement may be adjusted in accordance with §355.109 of this title (relating to Adjusting Reimbursement When New Legislation, Regulations, or Economic Factors Affect Costs) when new legislation, regulations, or economic factors affect costs.

(d) Authority to determine reimbursement. The authority to determine reimbursement is specified in §355.101 of this title.

(e) Allowable and unallowable costs. In determining whether a cost is allowable or unallowable, providers must follow the guidelines as specified in §355.102 of this title (relating to General Principles of Allowable and Unallowable Costs) and §355.103 of this title (relating to Specifications for Allowable and Unallowable Costs). In addition to these sections, the following allowable and unallowable costs are applicable in the Community Care for Aged and Disabled Residential Care program.

  (1) Allowable costs. Medical supplies required to provide residential care services are allowable. Allowable medical costs include supply costs associated with the administration of medications, such as medication cups, syringes for insulin injections, stethoscopes, blood pressure cuffs, and thermometers.

  (2) Unallowable costs. Unallowable costs include prescription drugs; non-legend drugs; medical records costs; and compensation for physicians, pharmacists, and medical directors.

(f) Reporting revenue. Revenues must be reported on the cost report in accordance with §355.104 of this title (relating to Revenues).

(g) Reviews and field audits of cost reports. Desk reviews or field audits are performed on cost reports of all contracted providers. The frequency and nature of the field audit are determined by HHSC or its designee to ensure the fiscal integrity of the program. Desk reviews and field audits will be conducted in accordance with §355.106 of this title (relating to Basic Objectives and Criteria for Audit and Desk Review of Cost Reports), and providers will be notified of the results of a desk review or a field audit in accordance with §355.107 of this title (relating to Notification of Exclusions and Adjustments). Providers may request an informal review and, if necessary, an administrative hearing to dispute an action taken under §355.110 of this title (relating to Informal reviews and Formal Appeals).

Source Note: The provisions of this §355.509 adopted to be effective September 1, 2003, 28 TexReg 6941; transferred effective September 1, 2004, as published in the Texas Register September 17, 2004, 29 TexReg 9013; amended to be effective January 19, 2006, 31 TexReg 286; amended to be effective January 25, 2009, 34 TexReg 336; amended to be effective November 25, 2012, 37 TexReg 9086

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