<<Prev Rule

Texas Administrative Code

Next Rule>>
RULE §415.272Documenting, Reporting, and Analyzing Restraint or Seclusion

(a) Facility documentation. The facility shall document the assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of an individual in restraint or seclusion on a facility approved form. Documentation in an individual's medical record shall include:

  (1) the date and time the intervention began and ended;

  (2) the name, title, and credentials of any staff members present at the initiation of the intervention, with identification of the staff member's role in the intervention, including as an observer, or status as an uninvolved witness, as applicable;

  (3) the name of the individual restrained or secluded and the type of restraint or seclusion used;

  (4) the time and results of any assessments, observation, monitoring, and evaluations, including those required under this subchapter, and attention given to personal needs;

  (5) the physician's documentation of the order authorizing restraint or seclusion in accordance with the requirements of §415.260 of this title (relating to Initiation of Restraint or Seclusion in a Behavioral Emergency);

  (6) any specific alternatives and less restrictive interventions, including preventive or de-escalatory interventions that were attempted by any staff member prior to the initiation of restraint or seclusion, and the individual's response to any such intervention;

  (7) the individual's response to the use of restraint or seclusion; and

  (8) other documentation relating to an episode of restraint or seclusion otherwise required under this subchapter.

(b) Report to CEO. Staff members shall report daily to the facility CEO or designee any use of a restraint or seclusion.

  (1) The CEO or designee shall take appropriate action to identify and correct unusual or unwarranted utilization patterns on a systemic basis, and shall address each specific use of restraint or seclusion that is determined or suspected of being improper at the time it occurs.

  (2) The CEO or designee shall maintain a central file containing the following information:

    (A) age, gender, and race of the individual;

    (B) deaths or injuries to the individual or staff members;

    (C) length of time the restraint or seclusion was used;

    (D) types and dosage of emergency medications administered during the restraint or seclusion, if any;

    (E) type of intervention, including each type of restraint used;

    (F) name of staff members who were present for the initiation of the restraint or seclusion; and

    (G) date, day of the week, and time the intervention was initiated.

(c) Additional reporting in the case of death or serious injury. By the next business day following an individual's death or serious injury, facilities shall report the following information to the appropriate entity designated in subsection (d) of this section.

  (1) Each death or serious injury that occurs while an individual is in restraint or seclusion;

  (2) Each death that occurs within 24 hours after the individual has been removed from restraint or seclusion; and

  (3) Each death known to the facility that occurs within one week after restraint or seclusion where it is reasonable to assume that use of restraint or placement in seclusion contributed directly or indirectly to a individual's death. "Reasonable to assume" in this context includes, but is not limited to, deaths related to restrictions of movement for prolonged periods of time, or death related to chest compression, restriction of breathing, or asphyxiation.

(d) Reporting deaths or serious injury. Facilities shall report the deaths or serious injuries of individuals in restraint or seclusion as follows.

  (1) Medicare- or Medicaid-certified facilities shall report a death to the appropriate office for the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services in accordance with the federal death reporting requirements relating to restraint and seclusion.

  (2) Facilities that are neither Medicare- nor Medicaid-certified shall report a death or serious injury to DSHS's medical director for behavioral health.

  (3) In addition to reporting in accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, all facilities licensed under Chapter 133 of this title (relating to Hospital Licensing) or Chapter 134 of this title (relating to Private Psychiatric Hospitals and Crisis Stabilization Units) shall report a death or serious injury to the Patient Quality Care Unit of DSHS's Division for Regulatory Services.

  (4) Facilities shall comply with any additional reporting requirements relating to restraint or seclusion to which they are subject, including any applicable reporting requirements under The Children's Health Act of 2000 and federal regulations promulgated pursuant to the Act.

(e) Facility review of data. The facility shall review and analyze, at least quarterly, the data that is required by subsection (b)(2) of this section to identify and correct trends and patterns that may contribute to the use of restraint or seclusion (e.g., disproportionate use of restraint or seclusion with specific populations or shifts).

(f) Continuous improvement. The facility shall use the data continuously to improve and ensure:

  (1) a positive environment that minimizes the use of an involuntary intervention;

  (2) the safety of every individual and staff member;

  (3) the use of restraint and seclusion is implemented in accordance with the requirements of this subchapter;

  (4) that the risks of injury and other negative effects to individuals and staff members are reduced; and

  (5) that policies and training curriculum incorporate the requirements of this subchapter.

(g) On or before November 1, 2014, and quarterly thereafter, any facility that is a Medicare or Medicaid provider shall submit to DSHS the data required by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for hospital-based inpatient psychiatric service measures related to the use of restraint or seclusion.

(h) On or before November 1, 2015, and quarterly thereafter, a facility to which this subchapter applies shall prepare and submit to DSHS a report, consistent with the Department of State Health Services Behavioral Interventions Reporting Guidelines (guidelines) available at: http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/Licensing-Facilities.shtm, of the following data from the immediately preceding quarter:

  (1) interventions used during a behavioral emergency, including:

    (A) rate of seclusions (per 1,000 bed days);

    (B) rate of personal restraints (per 1,000 bed days);

    (C) rate of mechanical restraints (per 1,000 bed days); and

    (D) rate of emergency medication orders (per 1,000 bed days).

  (2) number of serious injuries related to an intervention used in a behavioral emergency.

  (3) number of deaths related to an intervention used in a behavioral emergency.

  (4) de-escalation techniques--description of all de-escalation techniques commonly used by the facility in connection with any of the emergency interventions described in paragraph (1) of this subsection.

Source Note: The provisions of this §415.272 adopted to be effective July 22, 2014, 39 TexReg 5581

Link to Texas Secretary of State Home Page | link to Texas Register home page | link to Texas Administrative Code home page | link to Open Meetings home page