|(a) Safety of camp facility. The buildings, structures,
and grounds shall not present a fire, health, or safety hazard.
(b) Accumulation of refuse and debris. The premises
of each camp shall be kept free of accumulations of refuse and debris.
(c) Compliance with building, plumbing, electrical
and life safety codes. All camp buildings shall comply with applicable
building, plumbing, electrical, life safety, and similar codes.
(d) Permanent living or sleeping structures. All permanent
structures used for living or sleeping purposes in the camp shall
be provided with walls, floors, and ceilings that shall be kept clean
and in good repair.
(e) Separate beds, bunks or cots. A separate bed,
bunk, or cot shall be required for each person. Beds shall be spaced
in a manner that is free of obstruction for entering and exiting.
(f) Bunk bed guardrails. In all rooms housing campers,
all bunk beds shall have at least two guardrails, one on each side
of the bed for each bed having the underside of its foundation more
than 30 inches from the floor in accordance with the Code of Federal
Regulations (CFR), 16 CFR, Part 1513.3. Bunk beds securely attached
to a wall may utilize the wall as one guardrail.
(g) Location of sleeping quarters. Sleeping shall not
be permitted in kitchens or in rooms used for food preparation, storage,
(h) Bedding provided by the camp. All articles of
bedding provided by the camp, including mattresses and mattress covers,
shall be kept clean and in good repair. Any bedroll provided by the
camp and used by campers must be properly cleaned between use by different
(i) Toilets and urinals. The camp shall provide at
least one toilet for every 15 females and one toilet for every 15
males. In each male toilet facility, up to 70% of the toilets required
may be urinals. In facilities with more than one toilet, some means
of privacy must be provided for each toilet.
(j) Lavatories. The camp shall provide at least one
lavatory adjacent to toilet facilities. In facilities with more than
five toilets or urinals in a room, there must be a minimum of two
(k) Hand cleanser required. Each lavatory shall be
equipped with one of the following methods to sanitize hands:
(1) lavatories with hot and cold running water shall
have soap or hand cleanser available at all times;
(2) lavatories with only cold running water shall have
hand sanitizer or anti-bacterial soap available at all times; or
(3) portable toilet facilities not equipped with lavatories
providing water shall have waterless hand sanitizer available at all
(l) Shower facilities. Resident youth camps shall provide
at least one shower for every 15 females and one shower for every
15 males. Each shower shall be equipped with water to meet the needs
of the campers. There shall be soap or body cleanser available at
(m) Cleanliness and sanitation of toilets, lavatories
and bathing facilities. All toilets, lavatories, and bathing facilities
shall be maintained in good repair and kept clean at all times. Every
shower room floor shall be washed daily with a suitable detergent
or sanitizing agent.
(n) Availability of toilet tissue. Toilet tissue shall
be available at all times for each toilet.
(o) Lighting and ventilation in toilet and bathing
facilities. All permanent toilets and bathing structures shall be
adequately ventilated and properly lighted.
(p) Public water supply. If a youth camp water supply
meets the definition of a public water system, then all water used
for human consumption or which may be used in the preparation of foods
or beverages or for the cleaning of any utensil or article used in
the course of preparation or consumption of food or beverages for
human beings, or which is used for bathing, swimming in a pool or
spa, or any other use in which incidental ingestion may occur, shall
come from a Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) approved
drinking water source that meets all applicable standards of 30 TAC
Chapter 290, Subchapter D (relating to Rules and Regulations for Public
Water Systems) and Subchapter F (relating to Drinking Water Standards
Governing Drinking Water Quality And Reporting Requirements for Public
Water Systems), as amended.
(q) Private water supply. Youth camps having water
supplies that do not meet the definition of a public water system
or that are not regulated by the TCEQ shall comply with the following
requirements when the camp is open or operational unless otherwise
(1) Water supply. An adequate supply of water shall
be available at all times in each camp in accordance with the following
(2) Water pressure. The system shall be designed to
maintain a minimum pressure of 35 pounds per square inch (psi) at
all points within the distribution network at flow rates of at least
1.5 gallons per minute per connection. When the system is intended
to provide fire fighting capability, it shall also be designed to
maintain a minimum pressure of 20 psi under combined fire and drinking
water flow conditions. Minimum distribution pressure shall not be
less than 20 psi at any time.
(3) Bacteriological properties.
(A) Water systems serving camps shall submit a minimum
of one water sample for testing for total coliform, fecal coliform, E.
coli, or other fecal indicator organisms, for the month prior
to camp opening and each month the camp is in operation.
(B) Testing for microbial contaminants shall be performed
at a laboratory certified by TCEQ.
(C) If a routine distribution coliform sample is coliform-positive,
then the camp shall issue a written boil water notification to all
camp staff and volunteers. The notification shall state, "To ensure
destruction of all harmful bacteria and other microbes, water for
drinking, cooking, and ice making shall be boiled and cooled prior
to consumption. The water shall be brought to a vigorous rolling boil
and then boiled for two minutes. In lieu of boiling, purchased bottled
water, water obtained from some other suitable source, or ice obtained
from an approved source may be used."
(D) The boil water notification shall remain in effect
until a repeat distribution coliform sample is coliform-negative.
(E) Records of all bacteriological tests and of any
boil water notification shall be kept on site.
(4) Chemical properties.
(A) Camps shall submit a water sample obtained from
the entry point to the distribution system to a laboratory for chemical
analysis at least once every three years.
(B) The chemical analysis shall be for secondary constituent
(C) Maximum secondary constituent levels are as described
in the following table.
(D) Records of all chemical testing shall be kept on
(5) Minimum residual disinfectant concentrations and
maximum residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs).
(A) The minimum residual disinfectant concentration
in the water entering the distribution system and the water within
the distribution system shall be 0.2 milligrams per liter (mg/L) free
chlorine or 0.5 mg/L chloramine.
(B) The MRDL of chlorine dioxide in the water entering
the distribution system shall be 0.8 mg/L.
(C) The MRDL of free chlorine or chloramine in the
water within the distribution system shall be 4.0 mg/L based on a
running annual average.
(6) Backflow prevention. The plumbing system shall
preclude backflow of a solid, liquid, or gas contaminant into the
water supply system at each point of use, including on a hose bib,
(A) providing an air gap between the water supply inlet
and the flood level rim of a plumbing fixture, equipment, or nonfood
equipment that is at least twice the diameter of the water supply
inlet and not less than 25 mm (1 inch); or
(B) installing an approved backflow prevention device
that meets the American Society of Sanitary Engineering (ASSE) standards
for construction, installation, maintenance, inspection, and testing
for that specific application and type of device.
(7) Disinfection of new or repaired water system facilities.
(A) When repairs are made to existing mains or when
new main extensions are installed, they shall be disinfected using
such amounts of chlorine compounds as to fill the repaired or new
mains and appurtenances with water containing 50 ppm chlorine.
(B) After the water containing this amount of chlorine,
which is greater than that normally present in drinking water, has
been in contact with the pipe and appurtenances for at least 24 hours,
the main shall be flushed until the free chlorine or chloramine in
the water within the new or repaired distribution system is less than
(C) A sample of water from the new or repaired main
shall be submitted to a laboratory certified by TCEQ for bacteriological
examination so as to be assured that the disinfection procedure was
(8) Calcium hypochlorite. A supply of calcium hypochlorite
disinfectant shall be kept on hand for use when making repairs and
repairing line breaks.
(9) Lead control. Use of pipes and pipe fittings that
contain more than 8.0% lead or solders and flux that contain more
than 0.2% lead is prohibited for installation or repair of any water
supply and for installation or repair of any plumbing in a residential
or nonresidential facility providing water for human consumption.
This requirement may be waived for lead joints that are necessary
for repairs to cast iron pipe.
(10) Flushing of water system mains. All dead-end mains
should be flushed at monthly intervals or more frequently to maintain
(11) Collection system location.
(A) No sanitary sewers or septic tanks shall be allowed
within a distance of 50 feet of any well used for drinking water.
No cesspool or septic tank open-jointed drain field shall be allowed
within a distance of 150 feet of any well used for drinking water.
(B) Storm sewers located within specified distances
for sanitary sewers shall be constructed so as to prevent leakage
(C) Water lines and sanitary sewers shall be installed
no closer to each other than nine feet.
(12) Well logs. Copies of well material setting data,
geological log, sealing information (pressure cementing and surface
protection), disinfection information, bacteriological sample results,
and a chemical analysis report of a representative sample of water
from the well shall be kept on file.
(13) Interconnection. No physical connection between
the distribution system of a camp water supply and that of any other
water supply shall be permitted.
(14) Abandoned wells. Abandoned water supply wells
owned by the camp shall be plugged with cement according to 16 TAC
Chapter 76 (relating to Water Well Drillers and Water Well Pump Installers).
Wells that are not in use and are non-deteriorated as defined in those
rules shall be tested every five years to demonstrate that they are
in a non-deteriorated condition. Deteriorated wells shall be either
plugged with cement or repaired to a non-deteriorated condition.
(r) Disposal of youth camp wastewater. All camp wastewater
shall be disposed of into a community sanitary sewage system or an
approved On-site Sewage Facility in accordance with 30 TAC Chapter
285 (relating to On-Site Sewage Facilities). In remote areas, the
use of chemical toilets is allowed, if the facilities are built and
maintained in accordance with manufacturer designs.
(s) Disposal of solid waste. Solid wastes shall be
disposed of at a TCEQ approved sanitary landfill or other disposal
facility approved by TCEQ under 30 TAC Chapter 330 (relating to Municipal
(t) Permanent food preparation, storage and service
areas. Permanent food preparation, storage and service areas shall
be maintained in compliance with Chapter 228 of this title (relating
to Retail Food). Items inspected may include, but are not limited
(1) proper cooling for cooked/prepared food;
(2) cold hold (41 degrees Fahrenheit/45 degrees Fahrenheit);
(3) hot hold (135 degrees Fahrenheit);
(4) proper cooking temperatures;
(5) rapid reheating (165 degrees Fahrenheit in 2 hours);
(6) personnel with infections restricted/excluded;
(7) proper/adequate hand washing;
(8) good hygienic practices (eating/drinking/smoking/other);
(9) approved source/labeling;
(10) sound condition - food is not from unapproved
sources or in unsound condition;
(11) proper handling of ready-to-eat foods;
(12) no cross-contamination of raw/cooked foods/other;
(13) approved systems (HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical
Control Points) plans/time as public health control);
(14) water supply - approved sources/sufficient capacity/hot
and cold water under pressure;
(15) equipment adequate to maintain product temperature;
(16) hand wash facilities adequate and accessible;