|(a) An LBSW or LMSW who seeks to obtain the specialty
recognition of independent non-clinical practice shall meet requirements
and parameters set by the Council in §781.401 of this title (relating
to Qualifications for Licensure).
(b) An individual supervising an LBSW for independent
non-clinical practice recognition shall be an LBSW recognized for
independent non-clinical practice; an LMSW recognized for independent
non-clinical practice; an LMSW-AP; or an LCSW. The supervisor shall
(c) An individual supervising an LMSW for the independent
non-clinical practice recognition shall be Council-approved and shall
be an LMSW recognized for independent non-clinical practice, an LMSW-AP,
or an LCSW.
(d) A person who has obtained only the temporary license
may not begin supervision until the Council issues a regular license.
(e) The Council may use the Internal Revenue Service
(IRS) guidelines developed in 1996 to demonstrate whether a professional
is an independent contractor or an employee. These guidelines revolve
around the control an employer has in an employer-employee relationship,
in which the employer has the right to control the "means and details"
by which services are performed.
(1) Behavioral control. The employer can control the
employee's behavior by giving instructions about how the work gets
done rather than simply looking at the end products of work. The more
detailed the instructions, the more control the employer exercises.
An employer requiring that employees be trained for the job is also
an example of behavioral control, though contractors may also go through
(2) Financial control. The employer determines the
amount and regularity of payments to employees. A contractor is typically
paid when he/she completes the work, and the contractor usually sets
a timeframe for completing the work. The most important element of
financial control is that a contractor has more freedom to make business
decisions that affect the profitability of his/her work. A contractor,
for instance, may invest in renting an office or buying equipment,
while the employee does not. While employees are usually reimbursed
for job-related expenses, the contractor may or may not be reimbursed,
but lack of reimbursement usually signals that a worker is independent.
An independent contractor often makes his or her services available
to other potential clients, while an employee does not.
(3) Relationship of the parties. The intent of the
relationship is significant. The relationship is usually outlined
in the written contract and gives one party more control than the
other. If a company gives a worker employee benefits, the worker is
an employee. The ability to terminate the relationship is another
evidence of control in the relationship. If the employer-employee
relationship appears to be permanent, it denotes an employee, not
contractor, relationship. If a worker performs activities that are
a key aspect of the company's regular business, that denotes an employee
(f) An LBSW or LMSW who plans to apply for the specialty
recognition of non-clinical independent practice shall follow procedures
set out in §781.402 of this title (relating to Clinical Supervision
for LCSW and Non-Clinical Supervision for LMSW-AP and Independent
(g) An LBSW or LMSW may practice independently when
the LMSW or LBSW holds the independent practice specialty recognition,
or when under a supervision plan for independent practice but the
Council-approved supervisor is still responsible for the acts or omissions
of the supervisee while providing services under the supervision plan.