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RULE §353.1320Directed Payment Program for Behavioral Health Services

(a) Introduction. This section establishes the Directed Payment Program for Behavioral Health Services (DPP BHS). DPP BHS is designed to incentivize behavioral health providers to improve quality, access, and innovation in the provision of medical and behavioral health services to Medicaid recipients through the use of metrics that are expected to advance at least one of the goals and objectives of the state's managed care quality strategy.

(b) Definitions. The following definitions apply when the terms are used in this section. Terms that are used in this section may be defined in §353.1301 of this subchapter (relating to General Provisions) or §353.1322 of this subchapter (relating to Quality Metrics for the Directed Payment Program for Behavioral Health Services).

  (1) Average Commercial Reimbursement (ACR) gap--The difference between what an average commercial payor is estimated to pay for the services and what Medicaid actually paid for the same services.

  (2) Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinic (CCBHC)--A clinic certified by the state in accordance with federal criteria and with the requirements of the Protecting Access to Medicare Act of 2014 (PAMA).

  (3) CCBHC cost-reporting gap--The difference between what Medicaid pays for services and what the reimbursement would be based on the CCBHC cost-reporting methodology.

  (4) Community Mental Health Center (CMHC)--An entity that is established under Texas Health and Safety Code §534.0015 and that:

    (A) Provides outpatient services, including specialized outpatient services for children, the elderly, individuals with serious mental illness, and residents of its mental health service area who have been discharged from inpatient treatment at a mental health facility.

    (B) Provides 24-hour-a-day emergency care services.

    (C) Provides day treatment or other partial hospitalization services, or psychosocial rehabilitation services.

    (D) Provides screening for patients being considered for admission to state mental health facilities to determine the appropriateness of such admission.

  (5) Intergovernmental transfer (IGT) notification--Notice and directions regarding how and when IGTs should be made in support of DPP BHS.

  (6) Local Behavioral Health Authority (LBHA)--An entity that is designated under Texas Health and Safety Code §533.0356.

  (7) Program period--A period of time for which the Texas Health and Human Services (HHSC) contracts with participating managed care organizations (MCOs) to pay increased capitation rates for the purpose of provider payments under this section. Each program period is equal to a state fiscal year beginning September 1 and ending August 31 of the following year.

  (8) Providers--For program periods on or before August 31, 2022, an entity described in paragraph (4) of this subsection. For program periods on or after September 1, 2022, an entity described in paragraph (4) or (6) of this subsection.

  (9) Suggested IGT responsibility--Notice of potential amounts that a sponsoring governmental entity may wish to consider transferring in support of DPP BHS.

  (10) Total program value--The maximum amount available under the Directed Payment Program for Behavioral Health Services for a program period, as determined by HHSC.

(c) Classes of participating providers.

  (1) HHSC may direct the MCOs to provide a uniform percentage rate increase or a uniform dollar increase to all providers within one or more of the following classes of providers with which the MCO contracts for services:

    (A) For program periods beginning on or before September 1, 2023, providers that are certified CCBHCs and providers that are not certified CCBHCs.

    (B) For program periods beginning on or after September 1, 2024, providers who are certified CCBHCs.

  (2) If HHSC directs rate or dollar increases to more than one class of providers within the service delivery area, the rate or dollar increases directed by HHSC may vary between classes.

(d) Data sources for historical units of service. Historical units of service are used to determine a provider's eligibility status to receive the estimated distribution of program funds across enrolled providers.

  (1) HHSC will use encounter data and will identify encounters based upon the billing provider's national provider identification (NPI) number.

  (2) The most recently available Medicaid encounter data for a complete state fiscal year will be used to determine the distribution of program funds across eligible and enrolled providers.

  (3) In the event that the historical data are not deemed appropriate for use by actuarial standards, HHSC may use data from a different state fiscal year at the discretion of the HHSC actuaries.

  (4) The data used to estimate the distribution of funds will align to the extent possible with the data used for purposes of setting the capitation rates for MCOs for the same period.

  (5) HHSC will calculate the estimated rate that an average commercial payor or Medicare would have paid for similar services or based on the CMS-approved CCBHC cost report rate methodology using either data from Medicare cost reports or collected from providers.

  (6) Encounter data used to calculate DPP BHS payments must be designated as paid status with a reported paid amount greater than zero. Encounters reported as paid status, but with a reported paid amount of zero or negative dollars, will be excluded from the data used to calculate DPP BHS payments.

(e) Conditions of Participation. As a condition of participation, all providers participating in the program must allow for the following.

  (1) The provider must submit a properly completed enrollment application by the due date determined by HHSC. The enrollment period must be no less than 21 calendar days, and the final date of the enrollment period will be at least nine calendar days prior to the release of suggested IGT responsibilities.

    (A) Enrollment is conducted annually and participants may not join the program after the enrollment period closes. Any updates to enrollment information must be submitted prior to the publication of the IGT suggestion under subsection (j)(1) of this section.

    (B) Network status for providers for the entire program period will be determined at the time of enrollment based on the submission of documentation through the enrollment process that shows an MCO has identified the provider as having a network agreement.

  (2) The entity that bills on behalf of the provider must certify, on a form prescribed by HHSC, that no part of any payment made under the program will be used to pay a contingent fee and that the entity's agreement with the provider does not use a reimbursement methodology that contains any type of incentive, directly or indirectly, for inappropriately inflating, in any way, claims billed to the Medicaid program, including the provider's receipt of program funds. The certification must be received by HHSC with the enrollment application described in paragraph (1) of this subsection.

  (3) If a provider contracts with another entity to provide DPP BHS-eligible services on behalf of the provider, the provider must submit all claims to the MCO using an NPI assigned to the provider as the billing provider's NPI.

  (4) If a provider has changed ownership in the past five years in a way that impacts eligibility for DPP BHS, the provider must submit to HHSC, upon demand, copies of contracts it has with third parties with respect to the transfer of ownership or the management of the provider and which reference the administration of, or payment from, DPP BHS.

  (5) Report all quality data denoted as required as a condition of participation in subsection (h) of this section.

  (6) Failure to meet any conditions of participation described in this section will result in removal of the provider from the program and recoupment of all funds previously paid during the program period.

(f) Determination of percentage of rate and dollar increase.

  (1) HHSC will determine the percentage of rate or dollar increase applicable to providers by program component.

  (2) HHSC will consider the following factors when determining the rate increase:

    (A) the estimated Medicare gap for providers, based upon the upper payment limit demonstration most recently submitted by HHSC to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS);

    (B) the estimated Average Commercial Reimbursement (ACR) gap for the class or individual providers, as indicated in data collected from providers;

    (C) the estimated gap for providers, based on the CCBHC cost-reporting methodology that is consistent with the CMS guidelines;


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