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RULE §127.784Engineering Design and Presentation II (Two Credits), Adopted 2022

(a) Implementation. The provisions of this section shall be implemented by school districts beginning with the 2024-2025 school year.

  (1) No later than August 31, 2024, the commissioner of education shall determine whether instructional materials funding has been made available to Texas public schools for materials that cover the essential knowledge and skills identified in this section.

  (2) If the commissioner makes the determination that instructional materials funding has been made available, this section shall be implemented beginning with the 2024-2025 school year and apply to the 2024-2025 and subsequent school years.

  (3) If the commissioner does not make the determination that instructional materials funding has been made available under this subsection, the commissioner shall determine no later than August 31 of each subsequent school year whether instructional materials funding has been made available. If the commissioner determines that instructional materials funding has been made available, the commissioner shall notify the State Board of Education and school districts that this section shall be implemented for the following school year.

(b) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11 and 12. Prerequisites: Principles of Applied Engineering or Engineering Design and Presentation I, Algebra I, and Geometry. Students shall be awarded two credits for successful completion of this course.

(c) Introduction.

  (1) Career and technical education instruction provides content aligned with challenging academic standards, industry-relevant technical knowledge, and college and career readiness skills for students to further their education and succeed in current and emerging professions.

  (2) The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Career Cluster focuses on planning, managing, and providing scientific research and professional and technical services, including laboratory and testing services, and research and development services.

  (3) Engineering Design and Presentation II is a continuation of knowledge and skills learned in Engineering Design and Presentation I. Students enrolled in this course will demonstrate advanced knowledge and skills of a system design process as it applies to engineering fields and project management using multiple software applications and tools necessary to produce and present working drawings, solid model renderings, and prototypes. Students will expand on the use of a variety of computer hardware and software applications to complete assignments and projects. Through implementation of a system design process, students will transfer advanced academic skills to component designs and engineering systems. Emphasis will be placed on transdisciplinary and integrative approaches using skills from ideation, prototyping, and project management methods.

  (4) Students are encouraged to participate in extended learning experiences such as career and technical student organizations and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.

  (5) Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.

(d) Knowledge and skills.

  (1) The student demonstrates professional standards/employability skills as required by business and industry. The student is expected to:

    (A) distinguish between an engineering technician, engineering technologist, and engineer;

    (B) identify employment and career opportunities in engineering and describe the educational requirements for each;

    (C) investigate and describe the requirements of industry-based certifications in engineering;

    (D) demonstrate the principles of teamwork related to engineering and technology;

    (E) research and describe governmental regulations, including health and safety;

    (F) analyze ethical issues related to engineering and technology and incorporate proper ethics in submitted projects;

    (G) demonstrate respect for diversity in the workplace;

    (H) identify consequences relating to discrimination, harassment, and inequality;

    (I) demonstrate effective oral and written communication skills using a variety of software applications and media; and

    (J) investigate and present on career preparation learning experiences, including job shadowing, mentoring, and apprenticeship training.

  (2) The student participates in team projects in various roles. The student is expected to:

    (A) describe the various roles on an engineering team and discuss how teams function;

    (B) demonstrate teamwork to solve problems; and

    (C) serve as a team leader and member and demonstrate appropriate attitudes while participating in team projects.

  (3) The student develops skills for managing a project. The student is expected to:

    (A) create, implement, and evaluate project management methodologies, including initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing a project;

    (B) develop a project schedule and complete projects according to established criteria;

    (C) use strategies such as decision matrices, flow charts, or Gantt charts to maintain the project schedule and quality of project.

    (D) participate in the organization and operation of a real or simulated engineering project; and

    (E) develop a plan for production of an individual product.

  (4) The student demonstrates principles of project documentation, workflow, and evaluated results. The student is expected to:

    (A) complete work orders and related documentation;

    (B) identify and defend factors affecting cost and strategies to minimize costs;

    (C) formulate a project budget;

    (D) develop a production schedule;

    (E) identify intellectual property and other legal restrictions; and

    (F) read and interpret technical drawings, manuals, and bulletins.

  (5) The student applies the concepts and skills of computer-aided drafting and design software to perform the following tasks. The student is expected to:

    (A) prepare drawings to American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) graphic standards;

    (B) customize software user interface;

    (C) prepare and use advanced views such as auxiliary, section, and break-away;

    (D) draw detailed parts, assembly diagrams, and sub-assembly diagrams;

    (E) indicate tolerances and standard fittings using appropriate library functions;

    (F) demonstrate understanding of annotation styles and setup by defining units, fonts, dimension styles, notes, and leader lines;

    (G) identify and incorporate the use of advanced layout techniques and viewports using paper-space and modeling areas;

    (H) use management techniques by setting up properties to define and control individual layers;

    (I) create and use custom templates for advanced project management;

    (J) prepare and use advanced development drawings;

    (K) use advanced polar tracking and blocking techniques to increase drawing efficiency;

    (L) create drawings that incorporate external referencing;

    (M) create and render objects using parametric modeling tools; and

    (N) model individual parts or assemblies and produce rendered or animated output.

  (6) The student practices safe and proper work habits. The student is expected to:

    (A) master relevant safety tests;

    (B) comply with safety guidelines as described in various manuals, instructions, and regulations;

    (C) identify and classify hazardous materials and wastes according to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations;

    (D) describe the appropriate disposal of hazardous materials and wastes appropriately;

    (E) perform maintenance on selected tools, equipment, and machines;

    (F) handle and store tools and materials correctly; and

    (G) describe the results of negligent or improper maintenance.

  (7) The student uses engineering design methodologies. The student is expected to:

    (A) describe principles of solution ideation and evaluate ideation techniques for an engineering project, including systems-based engineering and advanced prototyping;

    (B) demonstrate critical thinking, identify the solution constraints, and make fact-based decisions;

    (C) develop or improve a solution using rational thinking;

    (D) apply decision-making strategies when developing solutions;

    (E) identify quality-control issues in engineering design and production;

    (F) describe perceptions of the quality of products and how they affect engineering decisions;

    (G) use an engineering notebook to record prototypes, corrections, and/or mistakes in the design process; and

    (H) use an engineering notebook or portfolio to record and justify the final design, construction, and manipulation of finished projects.

  (8) The student applies concepts of engineering to specific problems. The student is expected to:

    (A) design solutions from various engineering disciplines such as electrical, mechanical, structural, civil, or biomedical engineering;

    (B) experiment with the use of tools, laboratory equipment, and precision measuring instruments to develop prototypes;

    (C) research different types of computer-aided drafting and design software and evaluate their applications for use in design systems and problem solving; and

    (D) use multiple software applications for concept presentations.

  (9) The student addresses a need or problem using appropriate systems engineering design processes and techniques. The student is expected to:

    (A) create and interpret engineering drawings;

    (B) identify areas where quality, reliability, and safety and multidisciplinary optimization and stakeholder analysis can be designed into a solution such as a product, process, or system;

    (C) improve a system design, including properties of materials selected, to meet a specified need;

    (D) produce engineering drawings to industry standards; and

    (E) describe potential patents and the patenting process.

  (10) The student builds a prototype using the appropriate tools, materials, and techniques. The student is expected to:

    (A) implement and delineate the steps needed to produce a prototype such as defining the problem and generating concepts;

    (B) identify industry-appropriate tools, equipment, machines, and materials;

    (C) fabricate the prototype using a systems engineering approach to compare the performance and use of materials; and

    (D) present and validate the prototype using a variety of media and defend engineering practices used in the prototype.

  (11) The student creates justifiable solutions to open-ended real-world problems within a multitude of engineering disciplines such as mechanical, electrical, civil, structural, bio, or aerospace using engineering design practices and processes. The student is expected to:

    (A) identify and define engineering problems from different engineering disciplines such as mechanical, civil, structural, electrical, bio, or aerospace engineering;

    (B) formulate goals, objectives, and requirements to solve an engineering problem;

    (C) determine the design parameters such as materials, personnel, resources, funding, manufacturability, feasibility, and time associated with an engineering problem;

    (D) establish and evaluate constraints of systems engineering, including health, safety, social, environmental, ethical, political, regulatory, and legal, pertaining to a problem;

    (E) identify or create alternative solutions to a problem using a variety of techniques such as brainstorming, reverse engineering, and researching engineered and natural solutions;

    (F) test and evaluate proposed solutions using tools and methods such as models, prototypes, mock-ups, simulations, critical design review, statistical analysis, or experiments; and

    (G) apply a structured technique problem such as a decision tree, design matrix, or cost-benefit analysis to select and justify a preferred solution to a problem.

Source Note: The provisions of this §127.784 adopted to be effective June 14, 2022, 47 TexReg 3460

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