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RULE §91.713Indirect Lending

(a) Indirect Lending Program. Credit unions may implement a program of indirect financing of motor vehicles and other tangible personal property. As used in this chapter, an indirect financing is the credit union's purchase of a member's retail installment contract that is originated by a seller to finance the purchase of the motor vehicle or other property.

(b) Contracts Treated as a Loan. For the purposes of this chapter, a retail installment contract purchased under this authority may be treated as a loan on the books and records of the credit union and is subject to the same limitations and restrictions imposed upon loan transactions. As with other lending, the credit union is responsible for making the final underwriting decision. The seller may initially determine whether the prospective buyer is a member or eligible for membership in the credit union, but the final determination of membership eligibility is the credit union's responsibility.

(c) Authorization. Credit unions may purchase or hold retail installment contracts when authorized by applicable law. The retail installment contract must provide for a rate or amount of time price differential that does not exceed a rate or amount authorized by applicable law.

(d) Written Policies. The board of directors shall establish, implement, and maintain prudent and reasonable written policies that are appropriate for the size and complexity of the credit union's indirect lending program. The board must also ensure that the credit union has sufficient staff with the expertise to purchase, service, and monitor the program and the contract portfolio consistent with safe and sound credit union practices. The policies must be specific and detailed enough to foster prudent and compliant credit practices.

(e) Third Party Providers. A credit union may rely on services provided by third parties to support its indirect lending activities. The board of directors must ensure that the credit union exercises appropriate due diligence before entering into third party arrangements, and maintains effective oversight and control throughout the arrangement. This oversight and control should include a periodic review of each material seller's retail installment contract statistics to ensure compliance with credit union credit criteria and to avoid undue concentrations of risk.

(f) Subprime Indirect Lending. If a credit union conducts a program that includes subprime indirect lending, it must perform comprehensive due diligence before engaging in and during that type of activity. At a minimum, due diligence shall focus on understanding the higher levels of credit, compliance, reputation, and other risks involved, plus the likelihood that origination, servicing, collections, operating, and capital costs will increase. The strategic decision to engage in subprime indirect lending must also be supported by a sound business plan that establishes measurable financial objectives as well as limitations on growth, volume, and concentrations. For the purposes of this section, "subprime indirect lending" refers to programs that target borrowers with weakened credit histories typically characterized by payment delinquencies, previous charge-offs, judgments, or bankruptcies. Such programs may also target borrowers with questionable repayment capacity evidenced by low credit scores or high debt-burden ratios.

Source Note: The provisions of this §91.713 adopted to be effective August 9, 1999, 24 TexReg 6023; amended to be effective August 10, 2003, 28 TexReg 6268; amended to be effective November 12, 2006, 31 TexReg 9020; amended to be effective November 7, 2010, 35 TexReg 9721

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