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RULE §91.901Reserve Requirements

(a) Definitions. The words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

  (1) Net worth means the retained earnings balance of the credit union as determined under generally accepted accounting principles. Retained earnings consist of undivided earnings, regular reserves, and any other appropriations designated by management, the insuring organization, or the commission. This means that only undivided earnings and appropriations of undivided earnings are included in net worth. Net worth does not include the allowance for loan and lease losses account.

  (2) Net worth ratio means, with respect to a credit union, the ratio of the net worth of the credit union to the total assets of the credit union.

  (3) Total assets means the average of the total assets as measured using one of the following methods:

    (A) Average Quarterly Balance--the average of quarter-end balances of the four most recent calendar quarters; or

    (B) Average Monthly Balance--the average of month-end balances over the three calendar months of the calendar quarter; or

    (C) Average Daily Balance--the average daily balance over the calendar quarter; or

    (D) Quarter-End Balance--the quarter-end balance of the calendar quarter as reported on the credit union's call report.

(b) In accordance with the requirements of §122.104 of the Act, state-chartered credit unions shall set aside a portion of their current gross income, prior to the declaration or payment of dividends, as follows:

  (1) A credit union with a net worth ratio below 7.0% shall increase the dollar amount of its net worth by the following amounts at the indicated intervals until its net worth ratio equals 7.0% of total assets. Regardless of the dividend period, net worth must increase quarterly by an amount equivalent to at least 0.1% per quarter of its total assets.

  (2) For a credit union in operation less than ten years and having assets of less than $10 million, a business plan must be developed that reflects, among other items, net worth projections consistent with the following:

    (A) 2.0% net worth ratio by the end of the third year of operation;

    (B) 3.5% net worth ratio by the end of the fifth year of operation;

    (C) 6.0% net worth ratio by the end of the seventh year of operation; and

    (D) 7.0% net worth ratio by the time it reaches $10 million in total assets or by the end of the tenth year of operation, whichever is shorter.

  (3) Special reserves. In addition to the regular reserve, special reserves to protect the interest of members may be established by board resolution or by order of the commissioner, from current income or from undivided earnings. In lieu of establishing a special reserve, the commissioner may direct that all or a portion of the undivided earnings and any other reserve fund be restricted. In either case, such directives must be given in writing and state with reasonable specificity the reasons for such directives.

  (4) Insuring organization's capital requirements. As applicable, a credit union shall also comply with any and all net worth or capital requirements imposed by an insuring organization as a condition to maintaining insurance on share and deposit accounts. For federally-insured credit unions this includes all prompt corrective action requirements contained within Part 702 of the NCUA Rules and Regulations.

  (5) Decrease in Required Reserve Transfer. The commissioner, on a case-by-case basis, and after receipt of a written application, may permit a credit union to transfer an amount that is less than the amount required under paragraph (1) of this subsection. A credit union shall submit such statements and reports as the commissioner may, in his discretion, require in support of a decreased transfer request. The application must be received no later than 14 days before the quarter end and shall include but not be limited to:

    (A) an explanation of the need for the reduced transfer amount;

    (B) financial statement reflecting the fiscal impact of the required transfer; and

    (C) documentation supporting the credit union's ability to resume the required transfer at a future date certain.

(c) Revised business plan for new credit unions. A credit union that has been in operation for less than ten years and has assets of less than $10 million shall file a written revised business plan within 30 calendar days of the date the credit union's net worth ratio has failed to increase consistent with its current business plan. Failure to submit a revised business plan, or submission of a plan not adequate to either increase net worth or increase net worth within a reasonable time; or failure of the credit union to implement its revised business plan, may trigger the regulatory actions described in subsection (b)(4) of this section.

(d) Unsafe practice. Any credit union which has less than a 6.0% net worth ratio may be deemed to be engaged in an unsafe practice pursuant to §122.255 of the Finance Code. The determination may be abated if, the credit union has entered into and is in compliance with a written agreement or order with the department or is in compliance with a net worth restoration or revised business plan approved by the department to increase its net worth ratio. If a credit union has a net worth ratio below 6.0% or is otherwise engaged in an unsafe practice, the department may impose the following administrative sanctions in addition to, or in lieu of, any other authorized supervisory action:

  (1) all unencumbered reserves, undivided earnings, and current earnings are encumbered as special reserves;

  (2) dividends and interest refunds may not be declared, advertised, or paid without the prior written approval of the commissioner; and

(e) any changes to the credit union's board of directors or senior management staff must receive the prior written approval of the commissioner. Supervisory action. Notwithstanding any requirements in this section, the department may take enforcement action against a credit union with capital above the minimum requirement if the credit union's circumstances indicate such action would be appropriate.

Source Note: The provisions of this §91.901 adopted to be effective March 8, 1984, 9 TexReg 1156; amended to be effective July 8, 1994, 19 TexReg 4940; amended to be effective March 17, 1995, 20 TexReg 1525; amended to be effective August 14, 2000, 25 TexReg 7636; amended to be effective July 11, 2004, 29 TexReg 6633; amended to be effective November 11, 2007, 32 TexReg 7923; amended to be effective November 8, 2009, 34 TexReg 7628; amended to be effective November 8, 2015, 40 TexReg 7666; amended to be effective November 24, 2019, 44 TexReg 7041; amended to be effective October 9, 2022, 47 TexReg 6431

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