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TITLE 30ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
PART 1TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
CHAPTER 117CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM NITROGEN COMPOUNDS
SUBCHAPTER BCOMBUSTION CONTROL AT MAJOR INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL SOURCES IN OZONE NONATTAINMENT AREAS
DIVISION 4DALLAS-FORT WORTH EIGHT-HOUR OZONE NONATTAINMENT AREA MAJOR SOURCES
RULE §117.440Continuous Demonstration of Compliance

(a) Totalizing fuel flow meters. The owner or operator of units listed in this subsection shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate a totalizing fuel flow meter, with an accuracy of ± 5%, to individually and continuously measure the gas and liquid fuel usage. A computer that collects, sums, and stores electronic data from continuous fuel flow meters is an acceptable totalizer. The owner or operator must continuously operate the totalizing fuel flow meter at least 95% of the time when the unit is operating during a calendar year. For the purpose of compliance with this subsection for units having pilot fuel supplied by a separate fuel system or from an unmonitored portion of the same fuel system, the fuel flow to pilots may be calculated using the manufacturer's design flow rates rather than measured with a fuel flow meter. The calculated pilot fuel flow rate must be added to the monitored fuel flow when fuel flow is totaled.

  (1) The units are the following units subject to §117.405 (relating to Emission Specifications for Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT)) or §117.410 of this title (relating to Emission Specifications for Eight-Hour Attainment Demonstrations):

    (A) boilers (excluding wood-fired boilers that must comply by maintaining records of fuel usage as required in §117.445(f) of this title (relating to Notification, Recordkeeping, and Reporting Requirements) or monitoring in accordance with paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection);

    (B) process heaters;

    (C) duct burners used in turbine exhaust ducts;

    (D) stationary, reciprocating internal combustion engines;

    (E) stationary gas turbines;

    (F) lime kilns

    (G) brick and ceramic kilns;

    (H) heat treating furnaces;

    (I) reheat furnaces;

    (J) lead smelting blast (cupola) and reverberatory furnaces;

    (K) glass and fiberglass/mineral wool melting furnaces;

    (L) incinerators (excluding vapor streams resulting from vessel cleaning routed to an incinerator, provided that fuel usage is quantified using good engineering practices, including calculation methods in general use and accepted in new source review permitting in Texas. All other fuel and vapor streams must be monitored in accordance with this subsection);

    (M) gas-fired glass, fiberglass, and mineral wool curing ovens;

    (N) natural gas-fired ovens and heaters; and

    (O) natural gas-fired dryers used in organic solvent, printing ink, clay, brick, ceramic, and calcining and vitrifying processes.

  (2) The following are alternatives to the fuel flow monitoring requirements of paragraph (1) of this subsection.

    (A) Units operating with a nitrogen oxides (NOX ) and diluent continuous emissions monitoring system (CEMS) under subsection (f) of this section may monitor stack exhaust flow using the flow monitoring specifications of 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 60, Appendix B, Performance Specification 6 or 40 CFR Part 75, Appendix A.

    (B) Units that vent to a common stack with a NOX and diluent CEMS under subsection (f) of this section may use a single totalizing fuel flow meter.

    (C) Diesel engines operating with run time meters may meet the fuel flow monitoring requirements of this subsection through monthly fuel use records maintained for each engine.

    (D) Stationary reciprocating internal combustion engines and gas turbines equipped with a continuous monitoring system that continuously monitors horsepower and hours of operation are not required to install totalizing fuel flow meters. The continuous monitoring system must be installed, calibrated, maintained, and operated according to manufacturers' recommended procedures.

(b) Oxygen (O2) monitors.

  (1) The owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate an O2 monitor to measure exhaust O2 concentration on the following units operated with an annual heat input greater than 2.2(1011 ) British thermal units per year (Btu/yr):

    (A) boilers with a rated heat input greater than or equal to 100 million British thermal units per hour (MMBtu/hr); and

    (B) process heaters with a rated heat input greater than or equal to 100 MMBtu/hr, except:

      (i) as provided in subsection (g) of this section; and

      (ii) for process heaters operating with a carbon dioxide (CO2) CEMS for diluent monitoring under subsection (f) of this section.

  (2) The O2 monitors required by this subsection are for process monitoring (predictive monitoring inputs, boiler trim, or process control) and are only required to meet the location specifications and quality assurance procedures referenced in subsection (f) of this section if O2 is the monitored diluent under that subsection. However, if new O2 monitors are required as a result of this subsection, the criteria in subsection (f) of this section should be considered the appropriate guidance for the location and calibration of the monitors.

(c) NOX monitors.

  (1) The owner or operator of units listed in this paragraph shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate a CEMS or predictive emissions monitoring system (PEMS) to monitor exhaust NOX . The units are:

    (A) units with a rated heat input greater than or equal to 100 MMBtu/hr that are subject to §117.405(a) or (b) or §117.410(a) of this title;

    (B) stationary gas turbines with a megawatt (MW) rating greater than or equal to 30 MW operated more than 850 hours per year;

    (C) units that use a chemical reagent for reduction of NOX ;

    (D) units that the owner or operator elects to comply with the NOX emission specifications of §117.405(a) or (b) of this title or §117.410(a) of this title using a pound per MMBtu (lb/MMBtu) limit on a 30-day rolling average;

    (E) lime kilns; and

    (F) brick kilns and ceramic kilns.

  (2) Units subject to the NOX CEMS requirements of 40 CFR Part 75 are not required to install CEMS or PEMS under this subsection.

  (3) The owner or operator shall use one of the following methods to provide substitute emissions compliance data during periods when the NOX monitor is off-line:

    (A) if the NOX monitor is a CEMS:

      (i) subject to 40 CFR Part 75, use the missing data procedures specified in 40 CFR Part 75, Subpart D (Missing Data Substitution Procedures); or

      (ii) subject to 40 CFR Part 75, Appendix E, use the missing data procedures specified in 40 CFR Part 75, Appendix E, §2.5 (Missing Data Procedures);

    (B) use 40 CFR Part 75, Appendix E monitoring in accordance with §117.1340(d) of this title (relating to Continuous Demonstration of Compliance);

    (C) if the NOX monitor is a PEMS:

      (i) use the methods specified in 40 CFR Part 75, Subpart D; or

      (ii) use calculations in accordance with §117.8110(b) of this title (relating to Emission Monitoring System Requirements for Utility Electric Generation Sources); or

    (D) the maximum block one-hour emission rate as measured during the initial demonstration of compliance required in §117.435(e) of this title (relating to Initial Demonstration of Compliance).

(d) Ammonia monitoring requirements. The owner or operator of any unit subject to §117.405(a) or (b) or §117.410(a) of this title and the ammonia emission specification of §117.405(d)(2) or §117.410(c)(2) of this title shall monitor ammonia emissions from the unit according to the requirements of §117.8130 of this title (relating to Ammonia Monitoring).

(e) Carbon monoxide (CO) monitoring. The owner or operator shall monitor CO exhaust emissions from each unit listed in subsection (c)(1) of this section using one or more of the methods specified in §117.8120 of this title (relating to Carbon Monoxide (CO) Monitoring).

(f) CEMS requirements. The owner or operator of any CEMS used to meet a pollutant monitoring requirement of this section shall comply with the requirements of §117.8100(a) of this title (relating to Emission Monitoring System Requirements for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Sources).

(g) PEMS requirements. The owner or operator of any PEMS used to meet a pollutant monitoring requirement of this section shall comply with the following.

  (1) The PEMS must predict the pollutant emissions in the units of the applicable emission limitations of this division (relating to Dallas-Fort Worth Eight-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area Major Sources).

  (2) The PEMS must meet the requirements of §117.8100(b) of this title.

(h) Engine monitoring. The owner or operator of any stationary gas engine subject to the emission specifications of this division shall stack test engine NOX and CO emissions as specified in §117.8140(a) of this title (relating to Emission Monitoring for Engines).

(i) Run time meters. The owner or operator of any stationary gas turbine or stationary internal combustion engine claimed exempt using the exemption of §117.403(a)(7)(D), (8), or (9) or (b)(2)(D) of this title (relating to Exemptions) shall record the operating time with a non-resettable elapsed run time meter.

(j) Data used for compliance. After the initial demonstration of compliance required by §117.435 of this title, the methods required in this section must be used to determine compliance with the emission specifications of §117.405(a) or (b) or §117.410(a) of this title. For enforcement purposes, the executive director may also use other commission compliance methods to determine whether the unit is in compliance with applicable emission specifications.

(k) Testing requirements.

  (1) The owner or operator of units that are subject to the emission specifications of §117.405(a) or (b) or §117.410(a) of this title shall test the units as specified in §117.435 of this title in accordance with the applicable schedule specified in §117.9030 of this title (relating to Compliance Schedule for Dallas-Fort Worth Eight-Hour Ozone Nonattainment Area Major Sources).

  (2) The owner or operator of any unit not equipped with CEMS or PEMS that are subject to the emission specifications of §117.405(a) or (b) of this title or §117.410(a) of this title shall retest the unit as specified in §117.435 of this title within 60 days after any modification that could reasonably be expected to increase the NOX emission rate.


Source Note: The provisions of this §117.440 adopted to be effective June 14, 2007, 32 TexReg 3206; amended to be effective June 25, 2015, 40 TexReg 3965

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