|(a) General requirements. This course is recommended
for students in Grades 10-12. Students shall be awarded one credit
for successful completion of this course.
(1) Career and technical education instruction provides
content aligned with challenging academic standards and relevant technical
knowledge and skills for students to further their education and succeed
in current or emerging professions.
(2) The Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources Career
Cluster focuses on the production, processing, marketing, distribution,
financing, and development of agricultural commodities and resources,
including food, fiber, wood products, natural resources, horticulture,
and other plant and animal products/resources.
(3) Greenhouse Operation and Production is designed
to develop an understanding of greenhouse production techniques and
practices. To prepare for careers in horticultural systems, students
must attain academic skills and knowledge, acquire technical knowledge
and skills related to horticultural systems and the workplace, and
develop knowledge and skills regarding career opportunities, entry
requirements, and industry expectations. To prepare for success, students
need opportunities to learn, reinforce, apply, and transfer their
knowledge and skills and technologies in a variety of settings.
(4) Students are encouraged to participate in extended
learning experiences such as career and technical student organizations
and other leadership or extracurricular organizations.
(5) Statements that contain the word "including" reference
content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such
as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.
(c) Knowledge and skills.
(1) The student demonstrates professional standards/employability
skills as required by business and industry. The student is expected
(A) identify career development and entrepreneurship
opportunities in the field of greenhouse operations and production;
(B) apply competencies related to resources, information,
interpersonal skills, problem solving, and critical thinking in greenhouse
operations and production;
(C) examine licensing, certification, and legal requirements
to maintain compliance with industry requirements;
(D) demonstrate knowledge of personal and occupational
health and safety practices in the industry;
(E) identify employers' expectations and appropriate
work habits; and
(F) demonstrate characteristics of good citizenship
such as advocacy, stewardship, and community leadership.
(2) The student develops a supervised agriculture experience
program. The student is expected to:
(A) plan, propose, conduct, document, and evaluate
a supervised agriculture experience program as an experiential learning
(B) apply proper record-keeping skills as they relate
to the supervised agriculture experience;
(C) participate in youth leadership opportunities to
create a well-rounded experience program; and
(D) produce and participate in a local program of activities
using a strategic planning process.
(3) The student identifies and classifies plants used
in greenhouse production. The student is expected to:
(A) classify greenhouse plants according to taxonomy
(B) develop knowledge of plant anatomical structures
and functions for plant identification; and
(C) develop plant classifications based on cropping
schedules and market demand for greenhouse crops.
(4) The student identifies and investigates different
greenhouse structures and construction factors. The student is expected
(A) select greenhouse coverings;
(B) compare greenhouse styles and construction materials;
(C) analyze the costs associated with greenhouse construction;
(D) evaluate greenhouse site orientation and construction
(E) integrate other growing structures such as cold
frames, hotbeds, lath houses, and potting sheds; and
(F) investigate local, state, and national regulations
affecting greenhouse operations.
(5) The student identifies and assesses environmental
conditions within the greenhouse. The student is expected to:
(A) investigate environmental factors controlled in
(B) determine and calculate factors used in heating
and cooling a greenhouse;
(C) investigate the effects of greenhouse climate conditions
such as ventilation, carbon dioxide generation, and humidity on plant
growth in the greenhouse;
(D) explore the importance of light quality, quantity,
and duration on the production of greenhouse crops; and
(E) compare open and closed environmental systems in
the greenhouse such as misting beds or hydroponics.
(6) The student identifies, operates, and maintains
greenhouse environmental and mechanical controls. The student is expected
(A) explain how to operate and maintain heating, cooling,
and ventilation systems in a greenhouse;
(B) explain how to operate and maintain electrical
systems in a greenhouse; and
(C) explain how to operate and maintain various water
systems in a greenhouse.
(7) The student propagates greenhouse crops. The student
is expected to:
(A) analyze different methods of propagating greenhouse
crops using sexual and asexual propagation methods;
(B) propagate greenhouse crops using various methods
such as using seeds, seedlings, plugs, cuttings, and tissue culture;
(C) investigate physiological conditions that affect
plant propagation such as seed dormancy and root initiation.
(8) The student identifies and investigates greenhouse
crop production factors. The student is expected to:
(A) explain and demonstrate the chemical and physical
differences in greenhouse media components;
(B) compare greenhouse growing mixes for factors such
as drainage and nutrient-holding capacity;
(C) compare and contrast different containers, benches,
and other production equipment used in greenhouse crop production;
(D) evaluate different methods of watering greenhouse
(E) analyze the effect of nutrients on greenhouse plant
(F) diagnose common nutrient deficiency symptoms found
in greenhouse crops; and
(G) develop fertilization plans that address greenhouse
crop needs and environmental impacts.
(9) The student investigates pest identification and
control methods in the greenhouse environment. The student is expected
(A) assess insect, pathogen, and weed infestations
in a greenhouse;
(B) implement Integrated Pest Management in controlling
an insect, pathogen, or weed problem;
(C) use appropriate greenhouse pesticide application
techniques and equipment;
(D) research chemicals used to regulate plant growth
in the greenhouse; and
(E) examine pesticide labeling and safety data sheets.
(10) The student performs greenhouse management business
procedures. The student is expected to:
(A) market greenhouse crops;
(B) transport greenhouse crops;
(C) analyze materials, labor, and administrative costs
related to greenhouse production;
(D) analyze methods used to maintain crop quality during
marketing and transport; and
(E) prepare a production schedule for a greenhouse