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RULE §98.2Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

  (1) Abuse--The negligent or willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or cruel punishment with resulting physical or emotional harm or pain to an elderly or disabled person by the person's caretaker, family member, or other individual who has an ongoing relationship with the person, or sexual abuse of an elderly or disabled person, including any involuntary or nonconsensual sexual conduct that would constitute an offense under Texas Penal Code, §21.08, (indecent exposure) or Texas Penal Code, Chapter 22, (assaultive offenses) committed by the person's caretaker, family member, or other individual who has an ongoing relationship with the person.

  (2) Actual harm--A negative outcome that compromises the physical, mental, or emotional well-being of an elderly person or a person with a disability receiving services at a facility.

  (3) Adult--A person 18 years of age or older, or an emancipated minor.

  (4) Affiliate--With respect to a:

    (A) partnership, each partner of the partnership;

    (B) corporation, each officer, director, principal stockholder, and subsidiary; and each person with a disclosable interest;

    (C) natural person, which includes each:

      (i) person's spouse;

      (ii) partnership and each partner thereof of which said person or any affiliate of said person is a partner; and

      (iii) corporation in which the person is an officer, director, principal stockholder, or person with a disclosable interest.

  (5) Alzheimer's disease and related disorders--Alzheimer's disease and any other irreversible dementia described by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or the most current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

  (6) Ambulatory--Mobility not relying on walker, crutch, cane, other physical object, or use of wheelchair.

  (7) Applicant--A person applying for a license under Texas Human Resources Code, Chapter 103.

  (8) Authorization--A case manager's decision, before DAHS begins and before payment can be made, that DAHS may be provided to an individual.

  (9) Case manager--An HHSC employee who is responsible for DAHS case management activities. Activities include eligibility determination, individual enrollment, assessment and reassessment of an individual's need, service plan development, and intercession on the individual's behalf.

  (10) Caseworker--Case manager.

  (11) Change of ownership--An event that results in a change to the federal taxpayer identification number of the license holder of a facility. The substitution of a personal representative for a deceased license holder is not a change of ownership.

  (12) Client--Individual.

  (13) Construction, existing--See definition of existing building.

  (14) Construction, new--Construction begun after April 1, 2007.

  (15) Construction, permanent--A building or structure that meets a nationally recognized building code's details for foundations, floors, walls, columns, and roofs.

  (16) DADS--The term referred to the Department of Aging and Disability Services; it now refers to HHSC.

  (17) DAHS--Day activity and health services. Health, social, and related support services.

  (18) DAHS facility--A facility that provides services under a day activity and health services program on a daily or regular basis, but not overnight, to four or more elderly persons or persons with disabilities who are not related by blood, marriage, or adoption to the owner of the facility.

  (19) DAHS program--A structured, comprehensive program offered by a DAHS facility that is designed to meet the needs of adults with functional impairments by providing DAHS in accordance with individual plans of care in a protective setting.

  (20) Days--Calendar days, unless otherwise specified.

  (21) Department--HHSC.

  (22) Dietitian consultant--A registered dietitian; a person licensed by the Texas State Board of Examiners of Dietitians; or a person with a bachelor's degree with major studies in food and nutrition, dietetics, or food service management.

  (23) Direct service staff--An employee or contractor of a facility who directly provides services to individuals, including the director, a licensed nurse, the activities director, and an attendant. An attendant includes a driver, food service worker, aide, janitor, porter, maid, and laundry worker. A dietitian consultant is not a member of the direct service staff.

  (24) Director--The person responsible for the overall operation of a facility.

  (25) Direct ownership interest--Ownership of equity in the capital, stock, or profits of, or a membership interest in, an applicant or license holder.

  (26) Disclosable interest--Five percent or more direct or indirect ownership interest in an applicant or license holder.

  (27) Elderly person--A person 65 years of age or older.

  (28) Executive Commissioner--The executive commissioner of HHSC.

  (29) Existing building--A building or portion thereof that, at the time of initial inspection by HHSC, is used as an adult day care occupancy, as defined by Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, 2000 edition, Chapter 17 for existing adult day care occupancies; or has been converted from another occupancy or use to an adult day care occupancy, as defined by Chapter 16 for new adult day care occupancies.

  (30) Exploitation--An illegal or improper act or process of a caretaker, family member, or other individual, who has an ongoing relationship with the elderly person or person with a disability, using the resources of an elderly person or person with a disability for monetary or personal benefit, profit, or gain without the informed consent of the elderly person or person with a disability.

  (31) Facility--A licensed DAHS facility.

  (32) Fence--A barrier to prevent elopement of an individual or intrusion by an unauthorized person, consisting of posts, columns, or other support members, and vertical or horizontal members of wood, masonry, or metal.

  (33) FM--FM Global (formerly known as Factory Mutual). A corporation whose approval of a product indicates a level of testing and certification that is acceptable to HHSC.

  (34) Fraud--A deliberate misrepresentation or intentional concealment of information to receive or to be reimbursed for service delivery to which an individual is not entitled.

  (35) Functional impairment--A condition that requires assistance with one or more personal care services.

  (36) Health assessment--An assessment of an individual by a facility used to develop the individual's plan of care.

  (37) Health services--Services that include personal care, nursing, and therapy services.

    (A) Personal care services include:

      (i) bathing;

      (ii) dressing;

      (iii) preparing meals;

      (iv) feeding;

      (v) grooming;

      (vi) taking self-administered medication;

      (vii) toileting;

      (viii) ambulation; and

      (ix) assistance with other personal needs or maintenance.

    (B) Nursing services may include:

      (i) the administration of medications;

      (ii) physician-ordered treatments, such as dressing changes; and

      (iii) monitoring the health condition of the individual.

    (C) Therapy services may include:

      (i) physical;

      (ii) occupational; and

      (iii) speech therapy.

  (38) HHSC--The Texas Health and Human Services Commission.

  (39) Human services--Include the following services:

    (A) personal social services, including:

      (i) DAHS;

      (ii) counseling;

      (iii) in-home care; and

      (iv) protective services;

    (B) health services, including:

      (i) home health;

      (ii) family planning;

      (iii) preventive health programs;

      (iv) nursing facility; and

      (v) hospice;

    (C) education services, meaning:

      (i) all levels of school;

      (ii) Head Start; and

      (iii) vocational programs;

    (D) housing and urban environment services, including public housing;

    (E) income transfer services, including:

      (i) Temporary Assistance for Needy Families; and

      (ii) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; and

    (F) justice and public safety services, including:

      (i) parole and probation; and

      (ii) rehabilitation.

  (40) Human service program--An intentional, organized, ongoing effort designed to provide good to others. The characteristics of a human service program are:

    (A) dependent on public resources and are planned and provided by the community;

    (B) directed toward meeting human needs arising from day-to-day socialization, health care, and developmental experiences; and

    (C) used to aid, rehabilitate, or treat people in difficulty or need.

  (41) Immediate threat to the health or safety of an elderly person or a person with a disability--A situation that causes, or is likely to cause, serious injury, harm, or impairment to or the death of an elderly person or a person with a disability receiving services at a facility.

  (42) Indirect ownership interest--Any ownership or membership interest in a person that has a direct ownership interest in an applicant or license holder.

  (43) Individual--A person who applies for or is receiving services at a facility.

  (44) Isolated--A very limited number of elderly persons or persons with disabilities receiving services at a facility are affected and a very limited number of staff are involved, or the situation has occurred only occasionally.

  (45) License holder--A person that holds a license to operate a facility.

  (46) Life Safety Code, NFPA 101--The Code for Safety to Life from Fire in Buildings and Structures, NFPA 101, a publication of the National Fire Protection Association, Inc. that:

    (A) addresses the construction, protection, and occupancy features necessary to minimize danger to life from fire, including smoke, fumes, or panic; and

    (B) establishes minimum criteria for the design of egress features so as to permit prompt escape of occupants from buildings or, where desirable, into safe areas within the building.

  (47) Long-term care facility--A facility that provides care and treatment or personal care services to four or more unrelated persons, including:

    (A) a nursing facility licensed under Texas Health and Safety Code, Chapter 242;

    (B) an assisted living facility licensed under Texas Health and Safety Code, Chapter 247; and

    (C) an intermediate care facility serving individuals with an intellectual disability or related conditions licensed under Texas Health and Safety Code, Chapter 252.

  (48) LVN--Licensed vocational nurse. A person licensed by the Texas Board of Nursing who works under the supervision of a registered nurse (RN) or a physician.

  (49) Management services--Services provided under contract between the owner of a facility and a person to provide for the operation of a facility, including administration, staffing, maintenance, and delivery of services. Management services do not include contracts solely for maintenance, laundry, or food services.

  (50) Manager--A person having a contractual relationship to provide management services to a facility.

  (51) Medicaid-eligible--An individual who is eligible for Medicaid.

  (52) Medically related program--A human services program under the human services-health services category in the definition of human services in this section.

  (53) Neglect--The failure to provide for one's self the goods or services, including medical services, that are necessary to avoid physical harm, mental anguish, or mental illness; or the failure of a caregiver to provide these goods or services.

  (54) NFPA--The National Fire Protection Association. NFPA is an organization that develops codes, standards, recommended practices, and guides through a consensus standards development process approved by the American National Standards Institute.

  (55) NFPA 10--Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers. A standard developed by NFPA for the selection, installation, inspection, maintenance, and testing of portable fire extinguishing equipment.


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