|(a) Accessibility requirements for pool and spa decks.
Entrances and exits, including hand and grab rails, walkways, and
decks, shall comply with applicable requirements for access to aquatic
recreation facilities for persons with disabilities under federal,
state, and local fair housing and disability access laws.
(b) Concrete decks. Concrete that is used as a deck
material shall be installed in accordance with the American Concrete
Institute, ACI Standard 302.1R-15, "Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab
Construction", or in accordance with the requirements established
by the licensed engineer, and in accordance with local building codes,
(c) Decks other than concrete decks. Decks, other than
concrete decks, shall be designed and installed in accordance with
good public health engineering practices, and, when applicable, by
a method required by a local regulatory authority. This includes the
design and quality of the subbase, deck material used, reinforcing,
(d) Deck renovation or repair. Renovation or repair
of decks shall be in accordance with the requirements of this subchapter.
(e) Deck slip-resistance. Decks, ramps, coping, and
steps shall be slip-resistant. Cleanable special features in or on
decks such as markers, brand insignias, and similar materials shall
be slip-resistant and shall not cause injury during normal use.
(f) Pool and spa decks and circulation paths. Pool
and spa decks and circulation paths for pools and spas constructed
or renovated on or after the effective date of this subchapter shall
comply with the following requirements.
(1) A continuous and unobstructed circulation path
shall be provided in conformance with the Americans with Disabilities
Act (ADA) requirements for an accessible route.
(2) Wing walls or peninsulas with widths greater than
18 inches shall be considered part of the pool or spa deck but cannot
be accounted for in calculating the pool perimeter.
(3) Pool or spa deck may serve as part of the circulation
(4) The deck width, which can include flush coping,
must meet the following requirements.
(A) All Class A pool deck widths shall meet the standards
of the appropriate sanctioning body that regulates the type of competition
to be held.
(B) Decks between pools, spas, or any combination of
pools and spas, constructed on or after the effective date of this
subchapter shall have a minimum width of 6 feet.
(C) Decks of Class B pools constructed on or after
September 1, 2004, shall have a minimum width of 6 feet.
(D) All Class C pool and spa decks constructed on or
after the effective date of this subchapter shall have minimum width
of 6 feet.
(5) Pool and spa decks shall be flush with the pool
or spa walls or coping except where special conditions exist, such
as elevated beam or parapet, raised transfer walls, or where otherwise
permitted in this subchapter. Wood, wood composite, and indoor or
outdoor carpet decks shall not be allowed within the distance specified
in paragraph (4) of this subsection, with the exception of artificial
turfs that are designed for use at aquatic facilities, are waterproof,
cleanable, and do not support biologic growth.
(6) Up to 35% of the deck for Class B and Class C pools
may be replaced with other structures including diving rocks and diving
ledges that meet the requirements in §265.188(b)(10) of this
subchapter (relating to Diving Facilities for Pools), however, in
no case shall other structures restrict emergency access, be improperly
used as diving platforms, or create other safety or sanitary hazards.
(7) In pools and spas constructed on or after the effective
date of this subchapter, unobstructed deck a minimum of 4 feet in
width shall be provided for access around diving equipment, diving
boards, diving rocks and diving ledges, special feature stairways
such as a waterslide, lifeguard stands, ADA access equipment and structural
(8) Decks shall be sloped to effectively drain to perimeter
areas or to deck drains.
(9) For pools and spas constructed on or after the
effective date of this subchapter, drainage shall remove pool and
spa splash water, deck cleaning water, and rainwater without leaving
standing water deeper than 1/8 inch, 20 minutes after cessation of
the addition of water to the deck. Deck slopes shall meet the requirements
in Figure 25 TAC §265.185(f)(9).
(10) The maximum gap between pool and spa decks and
adjoining decks or walkways, including joint material shall be not
greater than 3/4 inch. The difference in vertical elevation between
the pool and spa deck and the adjoining circulation path shall not
be greater than 1/4 inch.
(11) Isolation joints that occur where pool and spa
coping meets the deck shall be water tight. Joints shall be installed
to protect the coping and its mortar bed from damage. Joints in a
deck shall be provided to minimize visible cracks outside the control
joints due to shrinkage or movement of the slab. Areas where decks
join existing concrete work shall be provided with a joint to protect
the pool and spa from damage caused by relative movement.
(12) The edges of decks shall be radiused, tapered,
or otherwise designed to eliminate sharp corners.
(13) Step risers for decks at pools and spas constructed
on or after the effective date of this subchapter shall be uniform
and have a height not less than 3-3/4 inches and not greater than
7-1/2 inches. The tread distance from front to back shall be not less
than 11 inches.
(14) Deck steps at pools and spas constructed on or
after the effective date of this subchapter having three or more risers
shall be provided with a handrail.
(15) Valves installed in or under decks shall be accessible
for operation, service, and maintenance. Where access through the
deck walking surface is required, an access cover shall be provided
for the opening in the deck. Such access covers shall be slip-resistant
(16) Hose bibs with backflow prevention equipment shall
be provided for rinsing the entire deck and shall be located not farther
than 150 feet apart. Water-powered devices, such as water-powered
lifts, shall have either a dedicated hose bib water source or valve.
(g) Landscaping. Loose plant material or bedding, including
planters, shall not be permitted on pool or spa decks constructed
on or after the effective date of this subchapter.