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TITLE 25HEALTH SERVICES
PART 1DEPARTMENT OF STATE HEALTH SERVICES
CHAPTER 265GENERAL SANITATION
SUBCHAPTER LPUBLIC SWIMMING POOLS AND SPAS
RULE §265.185Decks and Deck Equipment for Pools and Spas

(a) Accessibility requirements for pool and spa decks. Entrances and exits, including hand and grab rails, walkways, and decks, shall comply with applicable requirements for access to aquatic recreation facilities for persons with disabilities under federal, state, and local fair housing and disability access laws.

(b) Concrete decks. Concrete that is used as a deck material shall be installed in accordance with the American Concrete Institute, ACI Standard 302.1R-15, "Guide for Concrete Floor and Slab Construction", or in accordance with the requirements established by the licensed engineer, and in accordance with local building codes, as applicable.

(c) Decks other than concrete decks. Decks, other than concrete decks, shall be designed and installed in accordance with good public health engineering practices, and, when applicable, by a method required by a local regulatory authority. This includes the design and quality of the subbase, deck material used, reinforcing, and joints.

(d) Deck renovation or repair. Renovation or repair of decks shall be in accordance with the requirements of this subchapter.

(e) Deck slip-resistance. Decks, ramps, coping, and steps shall be slip-resistant. Cleanable special features in or on decks such as markers, brand insignias, and similar materials shall be slip-resistant and shall not cause injury during normal use.

(f) Pool and spa decks and circulation paths. Pool and spa decks and circulation paths for pools and spas constructed or renovated on or after the effective date of this subchapter shall comply with the following requirements.

  (1) A continuous and unobstructed circulation path shall be provided in conformance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements for an accessible route.

  (2) Wing walls or peninsulas with widths greater than 18 inches shall be considered part of the pool or spa deck but cannot be accounted for in calculating the pool perimeter.

  (3) Pool or spa deck may serve as part of the circulation path.

  (4) The deck width, which can include flush coping, must meet the following requirements.

    (A) All Class A pool deck widths shall meet the standards of the appropriate sanctioning body that regulates the type of competition to be held.

    (B) Decks between pools, spas, or any combination of pools and spas, constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter shall have a minimum width of 6 feet.

    (C) Decks of Class B pools constructed on or after September 1, 2004, shall have a minimum width of 6 feet.

    (D) All Class C pool and spa decks constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter shall have minimum width of 6 feet.

  (5) Pool and spa decks shall be flush with the pool or spa walls or coping except where special conditions exist, such as elevated beam or parapet, raised transfer walls, or where otherwise permitted in this subchapter. Wood, wood composite, and indoor or outdoor carpet decks shall not be allowed within the distance specified in paragraph (4) of this subsection, with the exception of artificial turfs that are designed for use at aquatic facilities, are waterproof, cleanable, and do not support biologic growth.

  (6) Up to 35% of the deck for Class B and Class C pools may be replaced with other structures including diving rocks and diving ledges that meet the requirements in §265.188(b)(10) of this subchapter (relating to Diving Facilities for Pools), however, in no case shall other structures restrict emergency access, be improperly used as diving platforms, or create other safety or sanitary hazards.

  (7) In pools and spas constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter, unobstructed deck a minimum of 4 feet in width shall be provided for access around diving equipment, diving boards, diving rocks and diving ledges, special feature stairways such as a waterslide, lifeguard stands, ADA access equipment and structural columns.

  (8) Decks shall be sloped to effectively drain to perimeter areas or to deck drains.

  (9) For pools and spas constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter, drainage shall remove pool and spa splash water, deck cleaning water, and rainwater without leaving standing water deeper than 1/8 inch, 20 minutes after cessation of the addition of water to the deck. Deck slopes shall meet the requirements in Figure 25 TAC §265.185(f)(9).

Attached Graphic

  (10) The maximum gap between pool and spa decks and adjoining decks or walkways, including joint material shall be not greater than 3/4 inch. The difference in vertical elevation between the pool and spa deck and the adjoining circulation path shall not be greater than 1/4 inch.

  (11) Isolation joints that occur where pool and spa coping meets the deck shall be water tight. Joints shall be installed to protect the coping and its mortar bed from damage. Joints in a deck shall be provided to minimize visible cracks outside the control joints due to shrinkage or movement of the slab. Areas where decks join existing concrete work shall be provided with a joint to protect the pool and spa from damage caused by relative movement.

  (12) The edges of decks shall be radiused, tapered, or otherwise designed to eliminate sharp corners.

  (13) Step risers for decks at pools and spas constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter shall be uniform and have a height not less than 3-3/4 inches and not greater than 7-1/2 inches. The tread distance from front to back shall be not less than 11 inches.

  (14) Deck steps at pools and spas constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter having three or more risers shall be provided with a handrail.

  (15) Valves installed in or under decks shall be accessible for operation, service, and maintenance. Where access through the deck walking surface is required, an access cover shall be provided for the opening in the deck. Such access covers shall be slip-resistant and secured.

  (16) Hose bibs with backflow prevention equipment shall be provided for rinsing the entire deck and shall be located not farther than 150 feet apart. Water-powered devices, such as water-powered lifts, shall have either a dedicated hose bib water source or valve.

(g) Landscaping. Loose plant material or bedding, including planters, shall not be permitted on pool or spa decks constructed on or after the effective date of this subchapter.


Source Note: The provisions of this §265.185 adopted to be effective January 1, 2021, 45 TexReg 9529

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