At the option of the applicant, DADS will review plans for
new buildings, additions, conversion of buildings not licensed by
DADS, or remodeling of existing licensed facilities. DADS will, within
30 days, inform the applicant in writing of the results of the review.
If the plans comply with DADS' architectural requirements, DADS may
not subsequently change the architectural requirement applicable to
the project unless the change is required by federal law or the applicant
fails to complete the project within two years. DADS may grant a waiver
of this two-year period for delays due to unusual circumstances. There
is no time limit to complete a project, only a time limit for completing
a project using requirements that have been revised after the project
(1) Submittal of plans.
(A) For review of plans, submit one copy of working
drawings and specifications (contract documents) before construction
begins. Documents must be in sufficient detail to interpret compliance
with these standards and assure proper construction. Documents must
be prepared according to accepted architectural practice and must
include general construction, special conditions, and schedules.
(B) Final copies of plans must have (in the reproduction
process by which plans are reproduced) a title block that shows name
of facility, person, or organization preparing the sheet, sheet numbers,
facility address, and drawing date. Sheets and sections covering structural,
electrical, mechanical, and sanitary engineering final plans, designs,
and specifications must bear the seal of a registered professional
engineer approved by the Texas Board of Professional Engineers to
operate in Texas. Contract documents for additions, remodeling, and
construction of an entirely new facility must be prepared by an architect
licensed by the Texas Board of Architectural Examiners. Drawings must
bear the seal of the architect.
(C) A final plan for a major addition to a facility
must include a basic layout to scale of the entire building onto which
the addition will connect. North direction must be shown. The entire
basic layout usually can be to scale such as 1/16 inch per foot or
1/32 inch per foot for very large buildings.
(D) Plans and specifications for conversions or remodeling
must be complete for all parts and features involved.
(E) The sponsor is responsible for employing qualified
personnel to prepare the contract documents for construction. If the
contract documents have errors or omissions to the extent that conformance
with standards cannot be reasonably assured or determined, a revised
set of documents for review may be requested.
(F) The review of plans and specifications by DADS
is based on general utility, the minimum licensing standards, and
conformance of the Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, 2000 edition, and is
not to be construed as all-inclusive approval of the structural, electrical,
or mechanical components, nor does it include a review of building
plans for compliance with the Texas Accessibility Standards as administered
and enforced by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation.
(G) Fees for plan review will be required in accordance
with §98.22 of this title (relating to Plan Review Fees).
(2) Contract documents.
(A) Site plan documents must include:
(i) grade contours;
(ii) streets (with names);
(iii) north arrow;
(iv) fire hydrants;
(v) fire lanes;
(vi) utilities, public or private;
(vii) fences; and
(viii) unusual site conditions, such as:
(II) low water levels;
(III) other buildings on-site; and
(IV) indications of buildings five feet or less beyond
site property lines.
(B) Foundation plan documents must include general
foundation design and details.
(C) Floor plan documents must include:
(i) room names, numbers, and usages;
(ii) doors (numbered), including swing;
(iv) legend or clarification of wall types;
(vi) fixed equipment;
(vii) plumbing fixtures;
(viii) kitchen basic layout; and
(ix) identification of all smoke barrier walls (outside
wall to outside wall) or fire walls.
(D) For both new construction and additions or remodeling
to existing buildings, an overall plan of the entire building must
be drawn or reduced to fit on an 8 1/2-inch by 11-inch sheet.
(E) Schedules must include:
(i) door materials, widths, and types;
(ii) window materials, sizes, and types;
(iii) room finishes; and
(iv) special hardware.
(F) Elevations and roof plan must include:
(i) exterior elevations, including:
(I) material note indications; and
(II) any rooftop equipment;
(ii) roof slopes;
(iv) gas piping, etc.; and
(v) interior elevations where needed for special conditions.
(G) Details must include:
(i) wall sections as needed, especially for special
(ii) cabinet and built-in work, basic design only;
(iii) cross sections through buildings as needed; and
(iv) miscellaneous details and enlargements as needed.
(H) Building structure documents must include:
(i) structural framing layout and details (primarily
for column, beam, joist, and structural building);
(ii) roof framing layout (when it cannot be adequately
shown on cross section); and
(iii) cross sections in quantity and detail to show
sufficient structural design and structural details as necessary to
assure adequate structural design and calculated design loads.
(I) Electrical documents must include:
(i) electrical layout, including lights, convenience
outlets, equipment outlets, switches, and other electrical outlets
(ii) service, circuiting, distribution, and panel diagrams;
(iii) exit light system (exit signs and emergency egress
(iv) emergency electrical provisions (such as generators
and panels, if applicable);
(v) staff communication system;
(vi) fire alarm and similar systems (such as control
panel, devices, and alarms); and
(vii) sizes and details sufficient to assure safe and
properly operating systems.
(J) Plumbing documents must include:
(i) plumbing layout with pipe sizes and details sufficient
to assure safe and properly operating systems;
(ii) water systems;
(iii) sanitary systems;
(iv) gas systems; and
(v) other systems normally considered under the scope
of plumbing, fixtures, and provisions for combustion air supply.
(K) Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems
(HVAC) documents must include:
(i) sufficient details of HVAC systems and components
to assure a safe and properly operating installation, including heating,
ventilating, and air-conditioning layout, ducts, protection of duct
inlets and outlets, combustion air, piping, exhausts, and duct smoke
and/or fire dampers; and
(ii) equipment types, sizes, and locations.
(L) If applicable, sprinkler system documents must
(i) plans and details of NFPA designed systems;
(ii) plans and details of partial systems provided
only for hazardous areas; and
(iii) electrical devices interconnected to the alarm
(M) Specifications must include:
(i) installation techniques;
(ii) quality standards and/or manufacturers;
(iii) references to specific codes and standards;
(iv) design criteria;
(v) special equipment;
(vii) finishes; and
(viii) any others as needed to amplify drawings and
(N) Other layout, plans, or details as may be necessary
for a clear understanding of the design and scope of the project,
including plans covering private water or sewer systems, must be reviewed
by local health or wastewater authority having jurisdiction.
(3) Construction phase.
(A) DADS must be notified in writing before construction
(B) All construction not done in accordance with the
completed plans and specifications as submitted for review and as
modified in accordance with review requirements will require additional
drawings if the change is significant.
(4) Initial survey of completed construction.
(A) Upon completion of construction, including grounds
and basic equipment and furnishings, a final construction inspection
(initial survey) of the facility must be performed by DADS before
admitting clients. An initial architectural inspection will be scheduled
after DADS receives a notarized licensure application, required fee,
fire marshal approval, and a letter from an architect or engineer
stating that to the best of their knowledge the facility meets the
architectural requirements for licensure.
(B) After the completed construction has been surveyed
by DADS and found acceptable, this information will be forwarded to
DADS' Regulatory Services Licensing and Credentialing Section as part
of the information needed to issue a license to the facility. In the
case of additions or remodeling of existing facilities, a revision
or modification to an existing license may be necessary. The building,
including basic furnishings and operational needs, grades, drives,
and parking, must essentially be 100% complete at the time of this
initial visit for occupancy approval and licensing. A facility may
accept up to three clients between the time it receives initial approval
from DADS and the time the license is issued.
(C) The following documents must be available to DADS'
architectural inspecting surveyor at the time of the survey of the
(i) written approval of local authorities as required
in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph;
(ii) written certification of the fire alarm system
by the installing agency (the Texas State Fire Marshal's Fire Alarm
(iii) documentation of materials used in the building
that are required to have a specific limited fire or flame spread
rating, including special wall finishes or floor coverings, flame
retardant curtains (including cubicle curtains), rated ceilings, etc.,
and, in the case of carpeting, a signed letter from the installer
verifying that the carpeting installed is named in the laboratory
(iv) approval of the completed sprinkler system installation
by the Texas Department of Insurance or designing engineer, including
a copy of the material list and test certification;
(v) service contracts for maintenance and testing of
alarm systems, sprinkler systems, etc.;
(vi) a copy of gas test results of the facility's gas
lines from the meter;
(vii) a written statement from an architect/engineer
stating, to the best of his knowledge, the building was constructed
in substantial compliance with the construction documents, the Life
Safety Code, NFPA 101, 2000 edition, DADS licensure standards, and
local codes; and
(viii) any other such documentation as needed.
(5) Nonapproval of new construction.
(A) If, during the initial on-site survey of completed
construction, the surveyor finds certain basic requirements not met,
DADS may recommend the facility not be licensed and approved for occupancy.
Such items may include the following:
(i) substantial changes made during construction that
were not submitted to DADS for review and that may require revised
"as-built" drawings to cover the changes, including architectural,
structural, mechanical, and electrical items as specified in paragraph
(3)(B) of this section;
(ii) construction that does not meet minimum code or
licensure standards, such as corridors that are less than required
width, ceilings installed at less than the minimum seven-foot, six-inch
height, client bedroom dimensions less than required, and other such
features that would disrupt or otherwise adversely affect the clients
and staff if corrected after occupancy;
(iii) no written approval by local authorities;
(iv) fire protection systems, including fire alarm
systems, emergency power and lighting, and sprinkler systems, not
completely installed or not functioning properly;
(v) required exits not all usable according to Life
Safety Code, NFPA 101, 2000 edition requirements;
(vi) telephone not installed or not properly working;
(vii) sufficient basic furnishings, essential appliances,
and equipment not installed or not functioning; and
(viii) any other basic operational or safety feature
that would preclude safe and normal occupancy by clients on that day.
(B) If the surveyor encounters only minor deficiencies,
licensure may be recommended based on an approved written plan of
correction from the facility's administrator.
(C) Copies of reduced-size floor plans on an 8 1/2-inch
by 11-inch sheet must be submitted in duplicate to DADS for record
or file use and for the facility's use for evacuation plan, fire alarm
zone identification, etc. The plan must contain basic legible information
such as scale, room usage names, actual bedroom numbers, doors, windows,
and any other pertinent information.